Week 2 Assignment: Functional, Project-Oriented, and Matrix Organizational Structures

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Week 2 Assignment: Functional, Project-Oriented, and Matrix Organizational Structures

William Goodson Bellevue university 08/09/2021

Business company structure concept. Corporate group communication. Network management of organization. - OLC

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[Audio] This slide provides an overview of the main subject that forms the basis for the presentation. At first, it is evident that each organization has a unique approach that it uses to manage resources and various activities that are conducted. An organizational structure usually defines various players or entities within an organization as well as approach in which various activities are coordinated. Three main types of organizational structures include the functional, matrix, project-oriented organizational structures. At first, in the functional organizational structure, the staff members are grouped by specialty such as finance, marketing, and engineering departments among others forming departments ( Mills, 2018). An example of company using this structure is Apple. In the project-oriented structure, the entire entity is organized in the form of projects. This structure is used in most construction companies such as Shook Construction. The matrix structure comprises a blend of functional and project oriented organizational structures (Mills, 2018). This structure is used at Nike. In this regard, feedback is provided on the similarities between identified structures and on significance and Impact on the project manager, project team, and project.

Introduction

Each organization has a unique approach that it uses to manage resources and various activities that are conducted. An organizational structure usually defines various players or entities within an organization as well as approach in which various activities are coordinated. Three main types of organizational structures include the functional, matrix, project-oriented organizational structures. At first, in the functional organizational structure, the staff members are grouped by specialty such as finance, marketing, and engineering departments among others forming departments ( Mills, 2018 ). An example of company using this structure is Apple. In the project-oriented structure, the entire entity is organized in the form of projects. This structure is used in most construction companies such as Shook Construction. The matrix structure comprises a blend of functional and project oriented organizational structures ( Mills, 2018 ). This structure is used at Nike. In this regard, feedback is provided on the similarities between identified structures and on s ignificance and Impact on the project manager, project team, and project.

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[Audio] This slide considers various similarities that exist among identified structures. At first, it is evident that given the nature of operations in the three organizational structures, the similarities are few as compared to the differences that are underlying ( Goodrich, 2019). One similarity is in functional and matrix structures where staff usually have both project and departmental work. In weak matrix where the functional manager has more power, the project manager operates on part-time basis as in the case of functional structure. On the other hand, the operation of the project manager in balanced and strong matrix is similar to the case of project-orientated structure where he works full-time. Therefore, having considered some of the similarities, various differences are then discussed.

Similarities between Functional, Project-Oriented, and Matrix Organizational Structures

Given the nature of operations in the three organizational structures, the similarities are few as compared to the differences that are underlying. At first, one similarity is in functional and matrix structures where staff usually have both project and departmental work ( Goodrich, 2019 ). In weak matrix where the functional manager has more power, the project manager operates on part-time basis as in the case of functional structure. On the other hand, the operation of the project manager in balanced and strong matrix is similar to the case of project-orientated structure where he works full-time. Therefore, having considered some of the similarities, various differences are then discussed.

MARKETING FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE CEO SALES SERVICES

Coordi nation Project Manager Chief Executive Project Manager Staff Staff staff (Gray represent staff in activities) Project Manager

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[Audio] This slide discussed various differences that are underlying. At first, one major difference is on the description where at first, the functional structure comprises of a traditional organization that has a supervisor. On the other hand, in project-oriented structure, the project manager has the sole management authority while in mixed matrix, project and functional manager share authority (PM Vidya, 2021). In functional structure, the authority of the project manager is very low while in project-oriented structure is very high. In matrix, it varies from low to medium to high given the weak, balanced, and strong matrix. The third difference is on resource availability, where in functional structure, it is very low while in project-oriented structure is very high. In matrix, it varies from low to medium to high given the weak, balanced, and strong matrix (PM Vidya, 2021). On staff involvement, in both strong matrix and in project oriented it is on part-time basis while in functional structure, weak, and balanced matrix staff involvement is on part-time basis. Therefore, having considered various differences that are underlying, the feedback on significance and Impact on the project manager, project team, and project is provided.

Differences between Functional, Project-Oriented, and Matrix Organizational Structures

One major difference is on the description where at first, the functional structure comprises of a traditional organization that has a supervisor. On the other hand, in project-oriented structure, the project manager has the sole management authority while in mixed matrix, project and functional manager share authority ( PM Vidya, 2021 ). In functional structure, the authority of the project manager is very low while in project-oriented structure is very high. In matrix, it varies from low to medium to high given the weak, balanced, and strong matrix. The third difference is on resource availability, where in functional structure, it is very low while in project-oriented structure is very high. In matrix, it varies from low to medium to high given the weak, balanced, and strong matrix ( PM Vidya, 2021 ). On staff involvement, in both strong matrix and in project oriented it is on part-time basis while in functional structure, weak, and balanced matrix staff involvement is on part-time basis. Therefore, having considered various differences that are underlying, the feedback on s ignificance and Impact on the project manager, project team, and project is provided.

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[Audio] Feedback is provided on the significance and Impact on the project manager, project team, and project. It is clear that the type of structure used usually has an impact on the project manager, project team, and the project. At first, the use of strong matrix and project-oriented structure gives more authority to the project manager and more control to the project team ( Roseke, 2019). With the project manager having more authority to allocate resources and the project time having more control to implementation, this creates high levels of accountability an enthusiasm towards implementation of project deliverables. As a result, high level of effectiveness in project implementation is achieved in strong matrix and in project-oriented structure as compared to the case of functional structure, weak, and balanced matrix. A summary of main details discussed is therefore given in the next slide.

Significance and Impact on the project manager, project team, and project

The type of structure used usually has an impact on the project manager, project team, and the project. The use of strong matrix and project-oriented structure gives more authority to the project manager and more control to the project team ( Roseke , 2019 ). With the project manager having more authority to allocate resources and the project time having more control to implementation, this creates high levels of accountability an enthusiasm towards implementation of project deliverables. As a result, high level of effectiveness in project implementation is achieved in strong matrix and in project-oriented structure as compared to the case of functional structure, weak, and balanced matrix.

Organizational Structure Projectized Strong Matrix Balanced Matrix Weak Matrix Functional Enucqougl

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[Audio] In conclusion, Based on the similarities that were identified, it is clear that In weak matrix where the functional manager has more power, the project manager operates on part-time basis as in the case of functional structure. The operation of the project manager in balanced and strong matrix is similar to the case of project-orientated structure where he works full-time. On the other hand, one major difference is that the functional structure comprises of a traditional organization that has a supervisor. On the other hand, in project-oriented structure, the project manager has the sole management authority while in mixed matrix, project and functional manager share authority. The implication of these aspects is that with the project manager having more authority to allocate resources and the project time having more control to implementation, it creates high levels of accountability an enthusiasm towards implementation of project deliverables. Therefore, it is evident that a high level of effectiveness in project implementation is achieved in strong matrix and in project-oriented structure as compared to the case of functional structure, weak, and balanced matrix.

Conclusion

Based on the similarities that were identified, it is clear that In weak matrix where the functional manager has more power, the project manager operates on part-time basis as in the case of functional structure. The operation of the project manager in balanced and strong matrix is similar to the case of project-orientated structure where he works full-time. On the other hand, one major difference is that the functional structure comprises of a traditional organization that has a supervisor. On the other hand, in project-oriented structure, the project manager has the sole management authority while in mixed matrix, project and functional manager share authority. The implication of these aspects is that with the project manager having more authority to allocate resources and the project time having more control to implementation, it creates high levels of accountability an enthusiasm towards implementation of project deliverables. Therefore, it is evident that a high level of effectiveness in project implementation is achieved in strong matrix and in project-oriented structure as compared to the case of functional structure, weak, and balanced matrix.

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References

Goodrich, B. (2019, November 19).  Functional organizations vs Projectized organizations - PMP exam . PM Learning Solutions.  https://www.pmlearningsolutions.com/blog/functional-organizations-versus-projectized-organizations-pmp-concept-10 Mills, A. (2018).  Differentiating functional, matrix, and Projectized organizational structures .  https://flylib.com/books/en/3.170.1.29/1/ PM Vidya. (2021, June 20).  Organizational structures - Functional, Projectized, matrix - PM Vidya .  https://pmvidya.com/blog/organizational-structure-types-functional-projectized-matrix/ Roseke , B. (2019, August 16).  The 4 types of project organizational structure . ProjectEngineer .  https://www.projectengineer.net/the-4-types-of-project-organizational-structure/

Goodrich, B. (2019, November 19).  Functional organizations vs Projectized organizations - PMP exam . PM Learning Solutions.  https://www.pmlearningsolutions.com/blog/functional-organizations-versus-projectized-organizations-pmp-concept-10 Mills, A. (2018).  Differentiating functional, matrix, and Projectized organizational structures .  https://flylib.com/books/en/3.170.1.29/1/ PM Vidya. (2021, June 20).  Organizational structures - Functional, Projectized, matrix - PM Vidya .  https://pmvidya.com/blog/organizational-structure-types-functional-projectized-matrix/ Roseke , B. (2019, August 16).  The 4 types of project organizational structure . ProjectEngineer .  https://www.projectengineer.net/the-4-types-of-project-organizational-structure/

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