The Education System - Cambodia

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The Education System - Cambodia

Mr. Bartolome de peralta man rn Edd

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EDUCATION SYSTEM IN CAMBODIA

Education in Cambodia is controlled by the state through the Ministry of Education in a national level and by the Department of Education at the provincial level. The Cambodian education system includes pre-school, primary, general secondary, higher education and non-formal education.

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THE EDUCATION SYSTEM IN CAMBODIA

Presently, after its reform in 1996, the formal educational structure of Cambodia is formulated in 6+3+3. This means 12 years for the completion of general education that divides up into six years for primary education (grade 1 to 6) and six years for secondary general education (grade 7 to 12).

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Secondary education consists of three years each for lower secondary education (grade 7 to 9) and upper secondary education (grade 10 to 12). This formulation does not include at least one year for pre-school education (kindergarten) for children from 3 to below 6 years old and university education of 4 to 5 years.

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Currently, the educational system is run by the Cambodian state, but private education exists at all levels and is run by private sectors. Most private schools offering pre-school education and general education have been operated by the communities of ethnic and religious minority including Chinese, Muslim, French, English and Vietnamese. Private higher education is accessible mainly in the capital of the country, but it is also available throughout the provinces of Cambodia.

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CAMBODIAN GENERAL EDUCATION

Cambodian general education is based on a national school curriculum that consists of two main parts: basic education and upper secondary education. Basic education curriculum is divided into three cycles of three years each. The first cycle (grade 1-3) consists of 27-30 lessons per week lasting 40 minutes which are allocated to the five main subjects: • Khmer (13 lessons) • Maths (7 lessons) • Science & Social Studies including Arts (3 lessons) Physical and Health Education (2 lessons) and local life skills program (2-5 lessons)

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THE SECOND CYCLE (GRADE 4-6) COMPRISES OF THE SAME NUMBER OF LESSONS BUT IS SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT:

Khmer (10 for grade 4 and 8 for grade 5-6) Maths (6 for grade 4-6) Science (3 for grade 4 and 4 for grade 5-6) Social Studies including arts (4 for grade 4 and 5 for grade 5-6) Physical and Health Education (2 for grade 4-6) Local life skills program (2-5 for grade 4-6).

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THE THIRD CYCLE (GRADE 7-9) CONSISTS OF 32-35 LESSONS WHICH ARE ALLOCATED FOR 7 MAJOR SUBJECTS:

Khmer Maths Social Studies and Science (6 lesson respectively) Foreign languages (4 lessons) Physical & Health Education and Sports (2 lessons) Local life skills program (2-5 lessons)