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EL SUR. “The South” Directed by Víctor Erice.

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Outline. The Director Historical and Cultural context Plot, characters and themes Cinematography Final Remarks.

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Director. Víctor Erice is a Spanish Film Director Born in 1940 in Carranza, Spain Graduated in direction in Madrid.

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Historical and Cultural Context. Spanish Civil War Franco’s dictatorship Historical memory.

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Main Characters. Estrella. Augustín.

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Madre Julia.

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Milagros. Abuela.

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Themes. Isolation. Past vs Future. Innocence. Division.

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Division. Freedom.

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Cinematography. Camera angles.

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Sound. Accordion. Dog barking. Piano. tat..

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ego. Final Remarks.

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Aguilar, P. & Ramírez-Barat, C. (2016). Generational dynamics in Spain: Memory transmission of turbulent past. Sage Journals. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/175069801667323 Baquero, R. (2019). Re-framing the Spanish Civil War as “Cultural Trauma”: When Responsibilities get Blurred After Violence. Trauma, Narrative and Responsibility. [Vol. IX/2019, no.1] University of Bucharest. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339472463_Re-framing_the_Spanish_Civil_War_as_Cultural_Trauma_When_Responsibilities_get_Blurred_After_ViolenceTrauma_Narrative_and_Responsibility Conroy, A. (2021). What is Past is Present: How “Forgetting” in Spain and United States Had Caused Past Problems to Persist. Fordham Research Commons. Fordham University. https://research.library.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1062&context=international_senior Delacruz, S. (2016) Spain Remembering: The Civil War on Film. [Vol. 20 :Iss. 1, Article 7]. McNair Scholars Journal. Grand Valley State University. https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1559&context=mcnair Documentos de Cine (2013, September 14). Víctor Erice presenta “El Sur”. [Video file]. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBXDAXftQL4&t=4s.

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El sur (The South), or the Memory of Cinema (n.d.) Movie: A Journal of Film Criticism. University of Warwick. https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/scapvc/film/movie/contents/movie_issue9_elsur.pdf Evans, J. (1996). A Myth in Time: Victor Erice’s El sur. Journal of Hispanic Research. (4) University College London. https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/5179/1/5179.pdf History. (1938, July 18). Spanish Civil War breaks out . https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/spanish-civil-war-breaks-out IMbd. Víctor Erice - Bibliography. https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0258977/bio Lindo, E. (2018). El Sur: A Complete Incomplete Film. Criterion https://www.criterion.com/current/posts/5759-el-sur-a-complete-incomplete-film.