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THE ANALYSIS OF

THE MERCHANT OF VENICE (2004)

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❑ Title , t he Author/ t he Playwright , Type of t he Play = Trixi Annisa C ❑ Theme, Setting, Source = Hilda Puspita Sari ❑ Synopsis Begin = Trixi Annisa C Main = Trixi Annisa C End = Nita Choirunnida Afsari ❑ Characters = Ajeng Maryam Azzahra ❑ The Dramatic Structure = Reni Agustina ❑ Language Style = Resti Meiyanti ❑ Outstanding Feature of the Play = Wulan Asri Apriyani ❑ Figurative Language = Dina Melissa Salam ❑ Conclusion = Flavio Salsabila Heldi ❑ Moral Value = Nita Choirunnida Afsari

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01 The Merc han t of Venice (2004)

02 GROUP III

03 Sixth of February 2021

04 William Shakespeare

Trixi Annisa C 201912501066 Dina Melissa Salam 201912500701 Nita Choirunnida Afsari 201912501031 Reni Agustina 201912501085 Flavio Salsabila Heldy 201912501091 Wulan Asri Apriyani 202012570022 Resti Meiyanti 201712500441 Hilda Puspita Sari 201912501100 Ajeng Maryam Azzahra 201912501124

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SUMMARY

- Bassnio and Portia

Conflict Love versus Money

T he C onflict between Selflessness and S elf interest 01

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This main theme drives the plot and moves the play forward, influencing the action of the central characters. Other themes include greed, the cyclic increase of hatred, mercy, prejudice and the opposites- playing versus perception.

Bassanio’s main motivation in asking her hand in marriage was due to his humungous debt, and that he needed Portia’s money to clear it. After taking money from Antonio, Bassanio insists that this act of lending him money was an investment on Antonio’s part.

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Hilda Puspita Sari 201912501100

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One could argue that Antonio fully realizes his culpability in this situation when he was nearly executed. When the trial ends, Antonio still remains unfair to Shylock, demanding that he convert to their religion.

Prejudice

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A money and materialism

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To most of the Christian characters, money is definitely of the most importance even though Antonio is shown as a compassionate and humane merchant. We observe that the metaphors of devotion and love are often cast in terms of money, hence it is evident that even the value of human relationships. Even compassion and love are seen as agreements on contract basis.

I will become as liberal as you -

Hilda Puspita Sari 201912501100

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SETTING

Content Here

Content Here

Content Here

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B ackground S cene .

A tmosphere

A tmosphere

B ackground S cene .

a place of the State Plantation where Portia lives Belmont

the moment when Antonio was brought to court by Shylock because he was unable to pay off his debt, and Antonio's merchant ship sank. Tense

The moment when Portia threatened that if Shylock did not meet the requirements, according to the law in Venice at that time, all of Shylock's assets would be confiscated by the court as state property. I ndecisive

Venice

Venice A 59

A village where Bassanio and Antonio are Christians and Shylock is a Jew.

(Oarsmen shouting)

for, by this ring, the doctor lay with me.

Hilda Puspita Sari 201912501100

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BEGIN

HOW THE SYNOPSIS?

T HE story begins when Bassanio falls in love with a fair, beautiful, rich, and smart young woman from Belmont; Portia .

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Bassanio intended to propose to her, he borrowed money from Antonio in Venice — his bestfriend — 300 ducat for travel expenses, but at that time Anto nio didn’t have that much money because his finances were being rolled into capital fo r cross-sea trading .

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Finally, Antonio suggested borrowing money from Shylock — the rich moneylend er whom he had verbally abused — greedy Jewish using his name. Intolerance of Jews was well-known, and according to la w they were forced to live in the old walled foundry or " geto " which were guarded every sundown by Christian people.   On the other hand, Jessica — Shylock's daughter — fell in love with a Christian man named Christian Lorenzo, whom Shylock clearly disagrees with .

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Bassanio and Antonio finally met Shylock, of course Shylo c k did not immediately give that money, he mentioned Anto nio's bad behavior to him and just lent him money, even witho ut interest, but provided that in three months Antonio coul dn’t pay, the fine was 1 pound of his flesh. Bassanio disag reed, and told Antonio that this was not appropriate, he would rather live with his needs than an agreement like this, but A ntonio agreed to Shylock's Terms.

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MAIN

A fter gave 300 ducats Shylock invited to have dinner together , w hen Shylock returned home, he was shocked because his one and only daughter; Jessica has already ran away from home and she took gold and jewelry. Shylock looked for her and shouted her name but nothing happened . Finally, Shylock asked about Jessica's to h is Jewish friend, Tubal. He knows that Jessica spent time in Genoa, scatter her stolen wealth, became Christian and Lorenzo’s wife. This makes Shylock even more vengeful on Christians, and when Tubal told that Antonio’s merchant ship was drowning in the sea he revenge , if the loan is not repaid on time, he will insist on the original agreement of one pound of flesh. On the other side, Bassanio , who had arrived at Be lmont, followed the rules laid down by Portia's father which is he have to choose one of the three chests; gold, copper, and tin chests; in one of the chests there is a picture of Portia . W hen another Prince has failed because chose the wrong one— Bassanio managed to find the photo which means he can marry Portia.

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Trixi Annisa C 201912501066

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End - The Merchant of Venice

The resolution of the ring episode is The happy ending in The Merchant of Venice. Earlier in the play, Antonio becomes a loan defaulter, and according to a bond, has to give away a pound of his flesh to Shylock. Portia and Nerissa, disguised as lawyers, save the life of Antonio at the Venetian court. As a gift for their services, they demand the rings they had given to their husbands, Bassanio and Gratiano. With a heavy heart, Bassanio and Gratiano part away with the rings. Towards the ending of the play, Portia and Nerissa demand the rings back from their husbands. When they fail, they tease them and have fun at their plight. Antonio apologizes on their behalf. Portia then reveals her true identity with the ring in her possession. She also tells Antonio that his ships have not sunk and would soon come to the port. The play ends on a happy note as a tragedy is averted. What about the Ending?

Nita Choirunnida Afsari 201912501031

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CHARACTERS

S hylock is the antagonist, he is an intelligent businessman who believes that, since he is a moneylender, charging interest is his right. to him, charging interest is makes good business sense. ylock is the antagonist, he is an intelligent businessman who believes that, since he is a moneylender, charging interest is his right. to him, charging interest is makes good business sense.

B assanio is the play's protagonist, he is a spendthrift who wasted all of his money in order to be seen as a respectable man. To regain his fortune, he is determined to marry Portia, a wealthy, intelligent heiress of Belmont.

P ortia, she is protagonist. She is famous for her beauty and for her wealth, and she is deeply anguished that she must marry only the man who chooses the single casket of three which contains her portrait.

Ajeng Maryam Azzahra 201912501124

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A ntonio, is the protagonist. The commitment to self-sacrifice can be seen from the behavior of the character Antonio. Antonio is a kind merchant. He is willing to do anything for can help his best friend Bassanio. Although it must be risked his own life.

G ratiano is a coarse and garrulous young man, Gratiano is Shylock's most vocal and insulting critic during the trial.

L orenzo, he is a smart and dashing young man with a handsome appearance and an active mind.

N erissa is a very practical girl. She acts as a sounding board to Portia

Ajeng Maryam Azzahra 201912501124

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j essica , is the daughter of Shylock, she is very beautiful, wise, and faithful girl and a charming girl.

S alanio & Salarino Salarino is a fenetian gentleman, and friend to Antonio, Bassanio, and Lorenzo. Salarino escorts the newlyweds Jessica and Lorenzo to Belmont, and returns with Bassanio and Gratiano for Antonio’s trial. Salanio is a Venetian gentleman, and frequent counterpart to Salarino .

T ubal is a “wealthy Hebrew” as introduced by Shylock ..Tubal is actually very shrewd ,that becomes very clear when he playfully places Shylock in a dilemma while giving him the news of Jessica's elopement and Antonio's losses at sea

L auncelot Gobbo Bassanio's servant. A comical, clownish figure who is especially adept at making puns, Launcelot leaves Shylock's service in order to work for Bassanio .

Ajeng Maryam Azzahra 201912501124

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T he prince of Morocco A Moorish prince who seeks Portia’s hand in marriage. The prince of Morocco asks Portia to ignore his dark countenance and seeks to win her by picking one of the three caskets. Certain that the caskets reflect Portia’s beauty and stature, the prince of Morocco picks the gold chest, which proves to be incorrect.

T he prince of Arragon An arrogant Spanish nobleman who also attempts to win Portia’s hand by picking a casket. Like the prince of Morocco, however, the prince of Arragon chooses unwisely. He picks the silver casket, which gives him a message calling him an idiot instead of Portia’s hand.

Ajeng Maryam Azzahra 201912501124

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Dramatic Structure

E xposition of The Merchant of Venice

The opening scenes introduce the main characters, Antonio, Bassanio, Shylock and Portia and the setting in Venice and Belmont. The initial situation is Antonio’s need to borrow money to help Bassanio from Shylock, who hates him.

that which today you promised to tell me of.

Reni Agustina 201912501085

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Rising Action

Rising Action

Rising action: Antonio’s ships, the only means by which he can pay off his debt to Shylock, are reported lost at sea.

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Climax

Climax In the trial scene, it seems that nothing can save Antonio from Shylock’s knife.

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Filling Action

Falling action: Shylock is ordered to convert to Christianity and bequeath his possessions to Lorenzo and Jessica; Portia and Nerissa persuade their husbands to give up their rings

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Reni Agustina 201912501085

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Denouement

Denouement: Finally, all lovers gather safely in Belmont. Portia and Nerissa forgive Bassanio and Gratiano after teasing them. Antonio’s ships safely return.

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Reni Agustina 201912501085

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LANGUAGE STYLE

Low language( informal and common ) is usually defined as the language of ordinary or casual conversation, that is, a conversation between people who know each other and feel relatively unconstrained so that they do not have to be on their best behavior, linguistically speaking.

Slang Language ( Impolite and Rough ) is a language or informal, not standard term created by a particular group.

High Language (formal and polite) It is used in situations that are serious. Formal languages have characteristics using long and complex sentence structures, and sometimes use vocabulary that is rarely used in everyday conversations.

Low Language ( Informal and common )

Slang Language ( Impolite and Rough )

High Language (Formal and polite )

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- I shall end this strife, If you can get a wife I'll then nor give nor hazard -"if I might but see you at my death . - May you help me? Will you pleasure me? O Lorenzo, if thou keep promise,

She be damned for it.

- They lose it that do buy it - with much care. You have obtained it. -I did receive fair... - Therefore the lottery, that he devised - I serve the Jew, and have a desire , - Only for this . I pray you . Pardon me.

Resti Meiyanti 201712500441

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LANGUAGE STYLE

Low Language ( Informal and common )

High Language (Formal and polite )

Simple PowerPoint Presentation

- Let me see the rate. -  some that are mad if they behold a cat -  I'm sorry you will leave my father so. - I give thanks . Tell me where is fancy bred - I am very glad of it.

- One thing provided more, - "If you be well pleased with this - then I should questionless be fortunate.

Resti Meiyanti 201712500441

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Why is it chosen as outstanding future of the play ?

The Duke presides over the courtroom in Venice, where Shylock demands the penalty from Antonio for defaulting on the bond. Shylock is immune to the pleas of the Duke and Antonio’s friends for mercy and Antonio is resolved to die. Shylock resolutely demands justice according Venetian law. The Duke has sent for Bellario, a legal expert from Padua, but learns from a letter that he is ill so has sent a young man, Balthasar, in his place. Portia, disguised as Balthasar, enters the courtroom accompanied by her clerk (Nerissa in disguise).

Wulan Asri Apriyani 202012570022

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Figurative Language

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Dina Melissa Salam 201912500701

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Personification Meaning: Your mind is focused on the ocean, where your merchant ships are sailing with full sails.

Your mind is tossing on the cx:ean.

Dina Melissa Salam 201912500701

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Personification Meaning : Portia's maid described that this sweet April had come because of the arrival of a young man named Bassanio who seemed to be choosing the right caskets and marrying Portia.

A day in April never came so sweet to show how costly sumnner was at hand

Dina Melissa Salam 201912500701

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Metaphor

I will do anything, Nerissa, ere I will married to a sponge.

Saxony’s nephew choose the right caskets, even if Portia doesn't like him, Portia must still accept him as her husband. That's why Portia said she would marry a sponge. Because he did nothing but drink. And the sponge absorb liquid.

Our houæ is hell, and you, a merry devil, did rob it of sonne taste of tediousness.

Meaning : Jessica considers her home as hell because she regards Jewish cultural / ethnic heritage.

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Metaphor Meaning : Solanio is comparing Jessica to a bird that is ready to leave its mother and fly. Jessica is at the age where she can make her own decisions and she made the decision to run away from her father, Shylock.

And Shylcx:k for his own part knew the bird was fledged

and then it is the complexion of them all to leave the dam.

Dina Melissa Salam 201912500701

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Paradox “ You are too wild, too rude, too bold of voice, things that become you happily enough” Meaning : too wild, too rude, too bold of voice are not things that make someone happy.

Why, then you must. But hear thee, you are tcx) wild, tcx) rude, too of voice,

things that tknme you happily enough and in such eyes as ours appears not falæ.

Dina Melissa Salam 201912500701

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What is the Conclusion?

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Conclusion about Theme

This main theme drives the plot and moves the play forward, influencing the action of the central characters. Other themes include greed, the cyclic increase of hatred, love mercy, prejudice and the opposites- playing versus perception. Meaning : If the Duke of

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Conclusion about the dramatic structure

The dramatic sturcture in movie The merchant of venice William Shakespeare shows how important a commitment in human life as shown in this movie . In addition, this Movie makes us understand about how to show our commitment to someone or Ourself . And there are 5 dramatic structure in The merchant of venice:

Exposition

2. . Rising Action

4. Falling Action

3.Klimaks

5.Denouement

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Flavio S alsabila Heldy 201912501091

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Conclusion about the Characters and Characterization

The movie play is set in Venice and Belmont and starts with two of the lead characters of Antonio, a wealthy Christian merchant and his friend Bassanio . Bassanio is the key factor of the play which ties the various stories of the Merchant of Venice . the third main character is Portia with a fair, beautiful, rich, and smart young woman from Belmont . Shylock is a character which feels he is justified for his religious fuelled rage at the Christians for how they have treated him and his fellow jews . And He have a Daughter ,namely Jessica . Jessica is seen as a woman caught in the middle between the jewish and christian elements . Lorenzo Friend to both Antonio and Bassanio , Lorenzo is in love with Jessica, the daughter of Shylock . Nerissa is Portia’s waiters acts as escort for Portia on her trip to Venice and aids in the saving of Antonio by posing as law clerk to Portia. Gratiano Friend to Bassanio , Gratiano accompanies him to Belmont where he falls in love with and eventually marries Nerissa . Launcelot He presents the two characters as conflicting opposites and personifies the juxtaposed themes of this play; justice and mercy, forgiveness and revenge.

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Flavio S alsabila Heldy 201912501091

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Conclusion about plot

Stories need plots because the plot is what happens in a story. Without plot, nothing would happen . The author the merchant of venice used chronological plot . There are six part of the plot structure in the merchant of venic e :

Introduction Eciting force Rising Action Climax Falling Action Castastrophe

Flavio S alsabila Heldy 201912501091

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Conclusion about Language used

William Shakespeare in this movie used 3 types of figurative language , namely : Personification M etaphor Paradox A nd language style used formal ,informal, polite , impolite , common and r ough . But much of the language used in this movie was formal .

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A day in April never came so sweet to show how costly sumrner was at hand

Our house is hell, and you, a nvry devil, did rob it of some taste of tediousness.

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Flavio salsabila Heldy 201912501091

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Moral Values

“Greediness is the source of destruction” The deal that Shylock made to Antonio is an example of his greediness. He asked Antonio’s pound of flesh as the repayment if he cannot repay within three months. It is a soft way in saying that Shylock wants Antonio’s life rather than the paid back money, because Antonio’s life is large more valuable than the amount of money that is borrowed. 1. Based on the whole story

“ We shall let someone we love to choose the best for him/her ” Shylock’s loving characteristic appears in the complication part of the plot. He is angry when he knows that his daughter run away from home with a man who is Antonio’s relative. The conclusion is that we shall not be selfish. Sometimes it is hard to let someone we love to go away, but behind that we shall know what love is. Because Love is taking and giving, love is about understanding 2. Based on the plot

Nita Choirunnida Afsari 201912501031

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Moral Values

- Cruelty will throw us into danger - To be merciful is valuable It is good to be merciful. We believe that if we doing well, we will get good result also. Giving mercy needs a heart of ocean. It is not as easy as turning our hands, but doing so; it will give us a peaceful mind. Based on the characters and characterization

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- Law, justice, and society norms must be obeyed Law and justice lies beyond anything that we do. Because of that, if we do anything that is in the line of law and justice, we shall be always careful. As an example, Shylock does not aware of the law in Venice that if somebody endangersone of Venetian citizens, he or she will be punished, and all of his or her estates and goods will be confiscated by the state. Based on dramatic structure

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Nita Choirunnida Afsari 201912501031