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LA INDOLENCIA DE LOS FILIPINOS. THE INDOLENCE OF THE FILIPINOS JOSE RIZAL.

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Essay Published in La Solidaridad Madrid, Spain (July 15, 1890 –September 15, 1890) INDOLENT adj . /ˈ indələnt / Idle Lazy Little love for work Lack of activity.

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He admits the existence of indolence among the Filipinos, but it could be attributed to a number of reasons. He traces its causes to factors such as the climate and social disorders . He defends the Filipinos by saying that they are by nature not indolent , because in fact, even before the arrival of Spaniards, Filipinos have been engaged in economic activities such as agriculture and trade. Indolence therefore has more deeply rooted causes such as abuse and discrimination ..

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The Spanish reign brought about a decline in economic activities because of certain causes:.

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02. Implementation of Forced Labor .. Spain also extinguished the natives’ love of work because of the implementation of forced labor. Because of the wars between Spain and other countries in Europe as well as the Muslims in Mindanao, the Filipinos were compelled to work in shipyards, roads, and other public works, abandoning agriculture, industry, and commerce..

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Spain did not protect the people against foreign invaders and pirates.

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There was a crooked system of education. 04. What was being taught in the schools were repetitive prayers and other things that could not be used by the students to lead the country to progress. There were no courses in Agriculture, Industry, etc., which were badly needed by the Philippines during those times..

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Spanish rulers were a bad example to despise manual labor.

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Gambling was established and widely propagated ..

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A crooked system of religion. 07. The friars taught the naïve Filipinos that it was easier for a poor man to enter heaven, and so they preferred not to work and remain poor so that they could easily enter heaven after they died..

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Taxes were extremely high.. 08. so much so that a huge portion of what they earned went to the government or to the friars. When the object of their labor was removed and they were exploited, they were reduced to inaction..

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Rizal admitted that the Filipinos did not work so hard because they were wise enough to adjust themselves to the warm, tropical climate. “An hour’s work under that burning sun, in the midst of pernicious influences springing from nature in activity, is equal to a day’s labor in a temperate climate.”.

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01. WARS. 02. PIRATE ATTACKS. 03. ATTITUDE OF THE FRIARS.

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04. LESSENING ENCOURAGEMENT TO LABOR. 05. MISERLY RETURN FOR ONE’S LABOR.

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07. APATHY OF THE GOVERNMENT. 08. OWNERSHIP OF THE BIG ESTATES BY THE FRIARS.

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10. DEPRIVATION OF HUMAN DIGNITY. 11. FEELING OF INFERIORITY.

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13. LACK OF NATIONAL SENTIMENT. LACK OF AN IDEAL FOR A GOOD WORKER.

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LA INDOLENCIA DE LOS FILIPINOS. JOSE RIZAL.

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Objective 1. OBJECTIVES. Objective 2. Objective 3.

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Thank you for listening..