TOPIC 3: ISRAEL UNDER LEADERSHIP OF JOSHUA

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TOPIC 3: ISRAEL UNDER LEADERSHIP OF JOSHUA

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CHAPTER 01 THE CALL OF JOSHUA

Joshua – was a son of Nun, the servant of Moses and his successor and the leader of Israel

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THE CALL OF JOSHUA

The Lord called Joshua to be the leader of Israel after Moses. God told Moses to take Joshua and go with him up to mountain of Abarim which was in the land of Moab. And there Moses laid his hands on Joshua.

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And then he brought him before Eleazar the priest who inquired for him by the judgement of Urim before the Lord. And then he commissioned him before all the congregation

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THE CALL OF JOSHUA

And he invested him with some of his authority that all people of Israel would obey him. Then the Lord promised that he will be with him as he was with Moses. So, Joshua took leadership of Israel after the death of Moses

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BOUNDARIES/TERRITORIES OF THE PROMISED LAND (CANAAN)

From the wilderness, to Lebanon, river Euphrates and all the land of Hittites to the great Sea toward the going down of the sun

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THE PROMISES OF THE LORD TO JOSHUA

God promised him that no man shall stand before him God promised him that he will be with him as He was with Moses

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(iii) God promised him that he will not forsake him (iv) God promised him that every place his sole step upon there shall be given to him

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INSTRUCTIONS OF THE LORD TO JOSHUA

He should be strong and of a good courage He must do according to the law of God given He should not turn to the right or to the left

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(iv) The book of the law should not depart out of his mouth (v) He should not afraid or dismay since God was with him

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THE MISSION OF JOSHUA

He was the successor of Moses and a leader of Israel after Moses He led Israelites to cross river Jordan to the land of Canaan He led Israelites to fight against their enemies and conquer them

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(iv) He led Israelites to reach the promised land of Canaan (v) He gave Israelites their inheritance in the land of Canaan as God promised them

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THE TRIBES REMAINED BEYOND THE JORDAN

Reuben – (Reubenites) Gad – (Gadites) Half –Manasseh –(Manasseh) Because they were livestock keepers and at Jordan there were plenty pastures for the livestock

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CHAPTER 2 TWO SPIES SENT TO JERICHO

While Israelites were at Shittim, Joshua sent two spies to go Jericho and spy the city. They arrived to the house of Rahab, the harlot and lodged there.

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The King of Jericho was told some men of Israel have come to search out the land. He said to her, bring out the men that have come to you. But Rahab was hidden them in the roof

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CHAPTER 2 TWO SPIES SENT TO JERICHO

She said, true men came to me, but I did not know where they came from and they have already left. May be follow them quickly for you will overtake them.

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Then she said to them, I know the Lord has given you this land, now then, swear to me that you will deliver me and my father's lives from death. Therefore, they made a covenant and Rahab was told to put a sign that to bind the scarlet cord in the window through which they let them down. Then they went away.

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CHAPTER 2 TWO SPIES SENT TO JERICHO

Rahab – was a harlot in the city of Jericho who hid two spies from Israel when they came to spy the city of Jericho. She was delivered from the city destruction when Jericho was destroyed Jericho – is known as the city of palms

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CHAPTER 03 ISRAELITIES CROSS RIVER JORDAN

The Ark of covenant was to lead the way by the Priests All other people were to follow the Ark of covenant at a distance When the feet of the Priests carrying the ark will step into the waters of Jordan, its flow will stopped.

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(iv) The Priests are to stand in the middle of river Jordan, until all people are crossed (v) Then the priests shall come out of the river and the water in the river shall resume (vi) Then the people shall take Twelve (12) stones from the river where the priests stood for memorial

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CHAPTER 03 ISRAELITIES CROSS RIVER JORDAN

(vii) Those 12 stones signified that, the Israelites passed river Jordan while dry, when God stopped the water to flow. (viii) Then Joshua shall erect those stones for memorial for future generation

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CHAPTER 04 MEMORIAL STONES FROM THE JORDAN

Then Joshua commanded one man from each tribe to take a stone from where the priests stood , and take it with him to his lodging. But also Joshua then erects twelve stones himself in the middle of the Jordan, where the priest stood.

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When the priests step out of the river, the flow of water resumed. Joshua sets up the twelve stones at Gilgal, East of Jericho, as a memorial. What did those stones mean? Because the water of Jordan was cut off and Israelites passed over the Jordan while dried.

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CHAPTER 05 AT GILGAL

The Lord told Joshua to circumcise all men by using flinty knives and he circumcised all people of Israel at Gibeath-haaraloth, because all people who were born in the way were not circumcised.

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At the place Joshua saw an angel of the Lord and asked him, "are you for us or for our adversaries" And the angel said, I am a commander of the Lord I have now come. And then Joshua was told , put off your shoes from your feet; for the place where you stand is holy. So Joshua did so.

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EVENTS HAPPENED AT GILGAL

Joshua circumcised all men because were not circumcised Israelites ate the Passover for the first time since they left Egypt The Manna stopped falling for Israelites after 40 years since started to fall down

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Israelites ate the new food, the fruits of the land in Canaan Joshua met with an Angel, the commander of Lord's army and told Joshua to put off his shoes Gibeath-haaraloth – means the hill of circumcision

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CHAPTER 06 THE FALL OF JERICHO

The city of Jericho was one of the principal city in the land Canaan. And it was shut up because they feared the people of Israel. The following are the instructions the Lord gave Joshua on how to conquer the city of Jericho.

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All men of war shall silently march around the city of Jericho once for six days The seven priests carrying the trumpets of ram shall follow the Ark of covenant (iii) On the seventh day they shall march around the city for seven times

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CHAPTER 06 THE FALL OF JERICHO

(iv) In the seventh round, the priest shall blow their trumpets and all other people shall shout aloud and the walls of the city shall fall down flat (v) The people shall enter inside the city and destroy everything except Rahab and her family members

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When the wall of city fell down, the Israelites utterly destroyed all things in the city with the edge of the sword. Then they burned the city with fire and all within.

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CHAPTER 06 THE FALL OF JERICHO

But the silver and gold and vessels of bronze and iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the Lord. But also they saved Rahab and her family

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CHAPTER 07 THE SIN OF ACHAN

After the fall of Jericho, Joshua sent men from Jericho to go and spy out the city Ai. And when came back they advised Joshua to take 2,000 or 3,000 men and attack Ai.

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In war, Israelites were defeated and fled before the men of Ai, and 36 men of Israel were killed This caused Joshua to rent his clothes and he fell to the earth before the Lord and they put dust upon their heads

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CHAPTER 07 THE SIN OF ACHAN

When Joshua asked the Lord, the Lord told him that, Israel has sinned and transgressed his covenant by stole some of the devoted things. Therefore, they were cursed and they cannot stand before their enemies. But later Achan the son of Calmi was identified and he was stoned to death

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What things Achan took Beautiful mantle 200 shekels of silver A bar of gold weighing 50 shekels

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CHAPTER 07 THE SIN OF ACHAN

Achan – was the son of Carmi of the tribe of Judah. He took some devoted things which led the anger of the Lord burned against the people of Israel. Then he was stoned to death.

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CHAPTER 08 THE DEFEAT OF THE CITY OF AI – FIRST ATTEMPT

After Joshua took the city of Jericho, he sent spies to the city if Ai The spies sent assured Joshua to send only between 2000-3000 soldiers because the city was too small But because of the sin of Achan, Israelites fled before men of Ai and about 36 men were killed

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(iv) When Joshua asked God, why they were defeated , God said, there is sin among them (v) Therefore, Joshua did investigation and Achan was revealed as the troubler. He was stoned to death

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THE VICTORY OVER THE CITY OF AI – SECOND ATTEMPT

(i) God told Joshua that he should not afraid (ii) Joshua took the whole army of 30,000 soldiers to fight the city of Ai (iii) He divided the army into two groups, the first group went before the city of Ai and another they lay ambush behind the city

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(iv) When the people of Ai saw Israelites pursued them and Israelites drew them away from the city (v) When the people of Ai went out of the city, the second group behind set the city on fire. So the city was burned

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THE VICTORY OVER THE CITY OF AI – SECOND ATTEMPT

(vi) When the people of Ai saw their city burning, they were confused. In returning back they found themselves in the middle of Israelites. All were killed (vii) The king of Ai was hanged on a tree until evening. Joshua built an altar on Mount Ebal. Blessings were read from Mount Gerizim, and curses from Mount Ebal.

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CHAPTER 09 THE DECEPTION OF GIBEONITES

Gibeonites: were the inhabitants of Gibeon, who were condemned by Joshua to be hewers of wood and drawers of water for the Israelites. (i) The people of Gibeon( Gibeonites) made a tricky to deceive Israel after they heard what Joshua did about the city of Jericho and Ai

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(ii) So, they pretended they came from a distant country and they wanted to make a peace treaty with Israelites (iii) They shew old clothes, old wineskins, dry bread and patched sandals as the evidence that are coming from the distant country

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CHAPTER 09 THE DECEPTION OF GIBEONITES

(iv) After Joshua made a peace treaty with them, he then discovered that they were coming just nearby country. (v) Therefore, they could not kill them because of the covenant they made with them, but Joshua cursed them and made them wood cutters and water carriers.

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Chapter 10 THE SUN STOOD STILL Five Ammonite kings attacked the Gibeonites. They fought until evening. Then Joshua prayed to God the sun may stand still at Gibeon. So, the sun stood still at Gibeon until the Israelites took revenge. And Joshua defeated the whole region