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LOCATION

Kerala lies between the Arabian Sea in the West and the Western Ghats ( Sahyadris ) in the East with an area of 38863 sq km. It is one of the five states in the linguistic-cultural area known as South India. The neighbouring states of Kerala are Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

KASARGOD KANNUR KOfHlKODE MALAPPURAM Kalpetta Malappuram WAYANAD Palakkad Thrissur THRISSUR PALAKKAD IDUKKI ERNAKULAM KOTTAWM kkanad uzha ALAPPUZHA KOLLAM Painav •Kottayam •pathanamthitta PATHANAMTHITTA THIRUVANANTHAPURAM apuram

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CAPITAL

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, commonly known by its former name Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala. It is the most populous city in Kerala. Located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland, Thiruvananthapuram is a major information technology hub in Kerala and contributes 55% of the state's software exports.

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LITERACY RATE

Kerala is the most literate state in India, with a 96.2% literacy rate, according to a report based on a National Statistical Office survey.

Literacy rate from 1951 - 2011 93•91 90.92 89.81 47.18 55.08 69-75 78.85 • 1951 1961 1971 • 1981 1991 2001 2011

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Kerala, which lies in the tropic region, is mostly subject to the type of humid tropical wet climate experienced by most of Earth's rainforests. Meanwhile, its extreme eastern fringes experience a drier tropical wet and dry climate. ... Kerala's average maximum daily temperature is around 37 °C; the minimum is 19.8 °C.

CLIMATE

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VEGETATION

Many crops like rice, coconut, tea, rubber, coffee, pepper, cardamon , cashew, areca nut, nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon, cloves etc give the agriculture of Kerala its diverse nature. The spices cultivated in Kerala are Black Pepper, Cardamom, Ginger, Turmeric, Nutmeg, Cinnamon, Clove, Garcinia , Vanilla to mention a few. Spices from Kerala are popular all around the world for its aroma and flavour .

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WILDLIFE

There are a number of popular wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala housing exotic and rare species of flora and fauna. Nestled in the elaborate forest of the majestic Western Ghats or Sahyadri Ranges in Kerala are fourteen wildlife sanctuaries and two tiger reserves. Kerala also has six national parks containing protected and endangered species like the Indian Sloth-Bear, Lion-Tailed Macaque, Indian Bison, Bengal Tiger, Nilgiri Tahr etc.

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Made By- Kartik Mor Roll No-27 Class-6B