Online election or E-voting

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Online Elections (E-voting)

Main concern: possibility of fraud and hacking A strict security is very important – during online elections This method has already been implemented in some countries. E.g : Switzerland, Canada, Estonia, New South Wales and Australia. Since 2005, all Estonian elections have included the option for citizens to vote via the internet. Field research – internet voting is the most cost-effective method of voting in Estonia.

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Voter Education

Always an essential job but more critical during a pandemic Voter education have a dual role at this time: Outlining to people how they may participate in elections emphasising any changes to processes or voting alternatives Providing information on the measures that have been put in place to ensure their health and safety Latter is required to increase public trust in the electoral process and promote participation. Voters lack trust in their ability to vote securely – thereby jeopardising the process's overall validity E.g : South Africa's Independent Electoral Commission has an online portal called " MyIEC " - allows people to monitor their voter registration status

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Using Electronic Voting Machines

Voter verification is accomplished by displaying their IC. When elections are held manually (offline). They enter a voting booth and mark their ballot with a pencil to indicate who they want to vote for. Voter get purple ink on their thumb to show that they have already voted. This method is a low-tech, but it still works. It is not impossible for a more high-tech way of voting can be done by way of electronic voting machines. E.g : Brazil - they use electronic voting machines for elections but it still requires voters to go to the polling booths and show their identification cards before they're allowed to vote electronically. Even so, it can reduce the risk of voters to be exposed to the disease because they do not have to gather in large numbers at polling stations waiting for their turn.