WORK AHOLIC BEHAVIOUR RELATED TO PARASOMNIA DISORDER AMONG YOUNG ADULTS

Published on
Scene 1 (0s)

WORK AHOLIC BEHAVIOUR RELATED TO PARASOMNIA DISORDER AMONG YOUNG ADULTS

MDU1083 HEALTH BEHAVIOUR

A picture containing text Description automatically generated

Scene 2 (13s)

GROUP MEMBER : ( GROUP 3 ) AHGILAH A/P VEERAPAN (68927) BRADLEY BELAYONG ANAK CHARLE (69239) BRYAN AXVIEN ANAK EDWARD (74317) CYNTHIA ALICIA ANAK SUNGAI (72892) CYNTHIA JANE A/P JOHN CANTIUS (69426)

MDU1083 INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH AND BEHAVIOUR

Logo Description automatically generated

A picture containing text Description automatically generated

Scene 3 (29s)

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Poor sleep quality among workaholics are higher compared to non-workaholic ( Salanova , 2016) Sleep deprivation may increase the risk of parasomnia disorder. Parasomnia disorder effects in various forms depending on their sleep cycle, activity and behaviour they cause. According Singh et al (2018) findings shows that the lifetime prevalence of different parasomnias in adult’s ranges from 4 to 67%.

SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

To examine the relationship between the workaholic behaviour of working young adults and its effects that will leads to parasomnia disorder.

INTRODUCTION

A picture containing text, clipart Description automatically generated

A picture containing text Description automatically generated

Scene 4 (1m 13s)

METHOD OF OBTAINING

Data will be collected in an online survey through the Google form   Targeted audience are working young adults (age 18- 35)

EXPECTED OUTCOME

To investigate workaholic’s behaviour that can be harmful to the working young adult’s health, resulting in parasomnia disorder. To identify the relationship between workaholic behaviour and its adverse effects which lead to parasomnia disorder.

Presentation with pie chart outline

Clipboard outline

Scene 5 (1m 44s)

LITERATURE REVIEW

The literature review findings for this study comes from the studies of:

Workaholism: A review. Journal of addiction research & therapy Association between workaholism and sleep problems among hospital nurses. Parasomnias: A comprehensive review.   How being a workaholic differs from working long hours — and why that matters for your health.    Exploring the Link between Work Addiction Risk and Health-Related Outcomes Using Job-Demand-Control Model.   How to combat workaholic impulses during COVID-19. Workaholism linked to lower sleep quality.   Sleep medicine: Parasomnias.

Icon Description automatically generated

Icon Description automatically generated

Scene 6 (2m 32s)

OBJECTIVES

To study the relationship between workaholic behaviour of working young adults and its effects that lead to Parasomnia disorder.

Icon Description automatically generated

Scene 7 (2m 43s)

RESULT AND FINDINGS

Graphical user interface, text, application Description automatically generated

Graphical user interface, text Description automatically generated

Graphical user interface, text, application, chat or text message Description automatically generated

Graphical user interface, text, application, chat or text message Description automatically generated

Graphical user interface, text, application, chat or text message Description automatically generated

Scene 8 (3m 4s)

RESULT AND FINDINGS

Chart 1.0 shows the analysis of age of the young adults 26   respondents   (52%) are in the age, ranging from 22 – 26, 13   respondents   (26%) are in the age, ranging from 27 – 35, 11 respondents  (22%) are in the age, ranging from 18 – 21

DEMOGRAPHICS QUESTIONS

Chart 2.0 shows the analysis of level of education among the young adults 27   respondents   (54%) are bachelor’s degree holders, 15   respondents   (30%) are diploma holders, 6   respondents   (12%) have no schooling completed, 1   respondent   (2%) is master’s degree holder and 1   respondent   (2%) is doctorate degree holder

What is your age? 52% .18-21 -22-26 .27 -35

Level of Education 12% 30% Bachelor's degree No schooling completed Master's degree Diploma Doctorate degree

Scene 9 (3m 51s)

RESULT AND FINDINGS

Chart 1.0 shows the analysis of age of the young adults 26 respondents (52%) are in the age, ranging from 22 – 26, 13   respondents   (26%) are in the age, ranging from 27 – 35, 11   respondents   (22%) are in the age, ranging from 18 – 21

DEMOGRAPHICS QUESTIONS

Chart 2.0 shows the analysis of level of education among the young adults 27   respondents   (54%) are bachelor’s degree holders, 15   respondents   (30%) are diploma holders, 6   respondents   (12%) have no schooling completed, 1   respondent   (2%) is master’s degree holder and 1   respondent   (2%) is doctorate degree holder

What is your age? 26% 18-21 22% 22 -26 27-35

Level of Education 54% No schooing completed Dplorna u Bæhebr•s degree •Masters degree u Doctorate degree

Scene 10 (4m 28s)

What is your marital status? 74% •Snøe, never married •Married or dornestic partner91ip W"owed u Divorced •SQarated

Chart 3.0 shows the analysis of marital status among the young adults. 37 respondents (74%) are single, never married, 10 respondents (20%) are married/domestic partnership, 2 respondents (4%) are widowed , and 1 respondent (2%) is divorced

Chart 4.0 shows the analysis of occupation among the young adults. 25 respondents (50%) are employed for wages, 15 respondents (30%) are out of work but not looking for work, 6 respondents (12%) are self-employed, and 4 respondents (8%) are out of work and looking for work

Employed for wages Out of work and looking for work Occupation 12% Sdf-errployed • Out of work but not currentts' boking fcr work

Scene 11 (5m 16s)

How many days in a week do you normally work? 16% 32% 16% •Less than 5 days •5 days u6days •7 days

Chart 5.0 shows the analysis of how many days in a week do they normally work. 18 respondents (36%) are working for 5 days, 16 respondents (32%) are working for 6 days, 8 respondents (16%) are working for 7 days, and 8 respondents (16%) are working less than 5 days.

Chart 6.0 the analysis of how many hours in a day do they normally work. On a daily basis, 19 respondents (37%) are working for 7 – 8 hours, 13 respondents (27%) are working for 8 – 9 hours, 9 respondents (18%) are working for 9 – 10 hours, 5 respondents (10%) are working for 10 – 12 hours and 4 respondents (8%) are working more than 12 hours.

How many hours in a day do you normally work? 37% •7-8 hours •8 - 9 hours 27% •9 - 10 hours .10 - 12 hours More than 12 hours

WORKAHOLISM QUESTIONS

Scene 12 (6m 26s)

Chart 8.0 shows the analysis of how do you feel about the amount of time you spend at work? 25 respondents (50%) are indifferent, 18 respondents (36%) are happy, 4 respondents (8%) are very unhappy and 3 respondents (6%) are very happy

Chart 7.0 shows the analysis of how often they think or worry about any work (when they are not actually at work) 16 respondents (32%) have responded as sometimes, 12 respondents (24%) have responded as rarely, 10 respondents (20%) have responded as always, 9 respondents (18%) have responded as often and 3 respondents (6%) have responded as never think about work

How do you feel about the amount of time you spend at work? Very unhappy Indfferent Happy •Very happy

Scene 13 (7m 51s)

Chart 9.0 shows the analysis of do they ever feel tired or depressed because of work. 29 respondents (58%) have responded as sometimes, 11 respondents (22%) have responded as often, 4 respondents (8%) have responded as rarely, 4 respondents (8%) have responded as never, and 2 respondents (4%) have responded as always

Chart 10 shows the analysis of how they would rate the quality of their sleep 25 respondents (50%) have responded as average, 13 respondents (26%) have responded as good, 8 respondents (16%) have responded as poor, 3 respondents (6%) have responded as very poor, and 1 respondent (2%) has responded as very good

Do you ever feel tired or depressed because of work? Never Rarely • Sa-tEtimes Often u Always

How would you rate your quality of sleep? 26% Very good •Good •Aver* Poor Verv

SLEEPING PATTERN QUESTION

Scene 14 (9m 5s)

How many hours of sleep do you get in 24 hours? (approximately) 14% 34% •Lessthan 3 hours •4 hours 5 hours • 6 hours 7 hours •8 hours 9 hours More than 9 hours

Chart 11 shows the analysis of how many hours of sleep do they get in 24 hours. 17 respondents (34%) get 6 hours of sleep, 11 respondents (22%) get 7 hours of sleep, 7 respondents (14%) get 8 hours of sleep, 6 respondents (12%) get 5 hours of sleep, 4 respondents (8%) get 4 hours of sleep, 2 respondents (4%) get more than 9 hours of sleep, 2 respondents (4%) get less than 3 hours of sleep and 1 respondent (2%) gets 9 hours of sleep.

Chart 12 shows the analysis of how many nights do they get poor sleep in a week. 11   respondents    (22%) have responded 3 days a week,11 respondents  (22%) have responded 5 days a week, 9   respondents   (18%) have responded 4 days a week, 7   respondents    (14%) have responded 7 days a week, 5   respondents    (10%) have responded 2 days a week, 5 respondents  (10%) have responded as once a week and 2   respondents    (4%) have responded 6 days a week.

How many nights do you think you get poor sleep 1 day in a week? 14% 4% 22% u 2 days u 3 days •4 days •5 days 6 days 7 days

Scene 15 (10m 23s)

How often has poor sleep troubled you in the last month? 24% 52% • Always Very often Smptimes • Rarely Never

Chart 13 shows the analysis of how often poor sleep has troubled them in the last month. 26   respondents   (52%) have responded as sometimes, 12   respondents   (24%) have responded as very often, 5 respondents  (10 %) have responded as rarely, 4   respondents  (8%) have responded as never, and 3 respondents   (6%) have responded as always.

Chart 14 shows the analysis of how long it takes them to fall asleep once they are in bed. 18 respondents  (35%) take about 15 – 30 minutes, 13 respondents  (27%) take about less than 15 minutes, 10 respondents  (20%) take about more than an hour, 6 respondents  (12%) take about 31 – 45 minutes and 3 respondents  (6%) take about 46 – 60 minutes.

How long it takes you to fall asleep once you are in bed? 35% Lessthan 15 mil u 15-30 mh •31-45 mh •46-60 mn More than an hour

Scene 16 (11m 18s)

Chart 15 shows the analysis of the scale of how often the following problems (not able to sleep, getting up in the middle of the night waking up too early or feeling drained and exhausted in the morning) have occurred in the last month?   12 respondents (23%) have voted 6-very frequently, 10 respondents (21%) have voted 3-rarely, 8 respondents (16%) have voted 5-normally, 8 respondents (16%) have voted 4-occassionally, 6 respondents (12%) have voted 2- very rarely, 4 respondents (8%) have voted for 7-always and 2 respondents (4%) have voted 1- never.

Chart 16 shows the analysis of how aware they are of parasomnia disorder. 26 respondents (52%) have voted yes, and 24 respondents (48%) have voted no

On a scale of 1 to 7, how often have the following problems such as not able to sleep, getting up in the middle of the night waking up too early or feeling drained and exhausted in the morning occurred in the last month? 23% 21% 16% u I-Never • 2-Very rarely •3-Rarely • 4-0ccassionally 5-Normally u6-Very Frequently 7-Atways

Are you aware of parasomnia disorder? 52% •yes •No

PARASOMNIA DISORDER QUESTIONS

Scene 17 (12m 7s)

Chart 18 shows the analysis the condition of right after they wake up. 17   respondents   (30%) have responded as none, 13   respondents   (28%) do not remember doing certain activities, 9   respondents   (19%) get confused or disoriented, 7   respondents   (15%) wonder where they are, and 4 respondents (8%) responded that they have unfamiliar cuts on their bodies

Chart 17 shows the analysis of do they experience any type of the following behaviors. 19   respondents   (33%) have responded as none, 8   respondents   (17%) have responded as they do act strange while sleeping, 13   respondents   (28%) have responded as they do talk while sleeping , 8   respondents   (18%) have responded as they do wake up during the night choking or gasping and 2   respondents   (4%) have responded as they do walk while sleeping.

Do you experience any type of these following behaviours? 4% 17% • up during the night or gasping • Wdk while sleeping u Tak while None Act qrmge whik

Confused or disoriented I wake up 15% • Wondering where I u Not rementerng dohg certain activitks Havig unÉmiiar cuts on my None

Scene 18 (13m 11s)

Chart 20 shows the analysis of whether they feel tired and fatigue during daytime 34 respondents (68%) have voted yes and 16 respondents (32%) have voted no

Chart 19 shows the analysis of one’s difficulty sleeping throughout the night 27 respondents (54%) have voted no and 23 respondents (46%) have voted yes

I have difficulty sleeping throughout the night. 54% •yes • No

I feel tired and fatigue during daytime. 32% •yes • No

Scene 19 (13m 43s)

CONCLUSION

In this updated overview of young adults who are workaholic leads to parasomnia disorder, the study have focused on what is known about this disorder but also highlighted areas where our knowledge is still deficient, not least because the definitions of the disorder remain disparate across specialties.  The study found that 26 participants in the age range between 22 – 26 are occupied and working tends to sleep less and experience parasomnia symptoms.  This study has limitations as follows:            -  the amount of respondents maximized to 50           -  the age limited to 18- 35 years old           -  lack of previous studies regarding the topic. The study had changed our perspective towards parasomnia disorder. It has been discovered that young adults are likely to be more workaholics.  This topic has a connection to health and behaviour because parasomnia disorder is a health related issue meanwhile workaholic is a behaviour.

Click to add text

Scene 20 (14m 38s)

Parasomnia disorder in young adults is a new topic that hasn't been thoroughly investigated, and data on whether being a workaholic causes parasomnia disorder is hard to cope up. ​ ​  The study will be beneficial to discover a pattern in working young adults who are obsessed with work and experiencing parasomnia disorder without realizing it. ​  Future research will generate a more significant result by increasing the number of responses and opening to all age working adults who are workaholics and have experienced the symptoms of parasomnia disorder.​ This study finding will help working young adults;​    - to recognize how their working culture impacts their health as in developing parasomnia disorder. ​    - to consult a psychologist or sleep therapist

RECOMMENDATIONS

Icon Description automatically generated