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The South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR), founded in 1929, was the first national multiracial organization to work for peace, goodwill, and practical co-operation between the various sections and races of South Africa

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In 2002, more than half of Africans were considered to be living in extreme poverty, according to the IRR’s extreme poverty measures

Poverty levels for coloured, Indian and white South Africans have also declined

By 2015, that had decreased to 19.8% – representing a real decline of 62% in African poverty levels

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South Africa has made significant progress in improving living conditions. The number of households with access to formal housing has increased by 131,3% since 1996. That translates to 1 042 formal houses built every day. When looking at informal housing, for every shack erected after 1994, approximately ten formal houses have been built. The number of households with access to piped water has increased by 110,4% since 1996. This translates to a daily increase of 1 094. The number of households with access to electricity for cooking has increased by 228,5% since 1996. This translates to an average daily change of 1 335 .

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The IRR has conducted a lot of research on South Africa’s middle class

One of the measures we use to estimate the size of the middle class is motor vehicle registrations. The number of registered motor cars (excluding commercial vehicles) has increased from 3 851 048 in 1999 to 6 905 939 in 2016 or by

This trend broadly reflects other estimates about the increasing size of South Africa’s middle class.

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There is a change in the number of new HIV infections from 1999 to 2015. What is immediately apparent is that there has been a substantial decline in the number of new HIV infections over the period – the number has fallen by half.