Evaluating The Veterinarian Role In One Health Approach At Antimicrobial Resistance Perspectives, Jordan..
Background. This study aims to evaluate the role of knowledge, attitudes and practices of Jordanian veterinarians in combating antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and to include the registered veterinary drugs between 2017-2020..
Methods. The descriptive study data were collected using a standardized questionnaire focusing on knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Jordanian veterinarians..
Results. KAP Survey Results The results were analyzed descriptively and showed that the mean knowledge of the participants who agreed with the statement on AMR definition was 84%. Majority (95.65%) agreed that AMR is a challenge for the veterinary sector in Jordan and should be prioritized among other zoonotic diseases. The most common practices among them were recommending clients (farmers, owners, etc.) to practice good animal husbandry (80.00%). The study also revealed that there was a significant difference (p= 0.015) between 98 veterinarians who had attended AMR training and their professional sector (private, public and academic) ..
The percentage of registered and newly registered veterinary pharmaceutical drugs between 2017 and 2020. In the reports of pharmaceutical products registered between 2017 and 2020, 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins were only registered for the parenteral route of administration. Plant extracts or phytobiotics are widely used in veterinary medicine. Most of the medicines registered and produced during this period were extracted from menthol and thymol. However, phytobiotics accounted for about 1% of total registered medicines between 2017 and 2020. (Figure 1).
Figure 1 The average percentage of the registered imported and the produced antimicrobial pharmaceutical drugs between 2017-2020 in Jordan.
Conclusions. Strategic intervention to empower the veterinary stewardship in the National Action Plan: Implementing antimicrobial resistance continual educational program to enhance their advisory skills. Obligating legislations that exclusively authorize the veterinarian in prescribing antimicrobial and under their supervision especially for reserved groups . Developing surveillance systems to monitor the antimicrobial consumption and to include the data of zoonotic antimicrobial susceptibly tests, as they are needed..