NARRATIVES OF THE KAGAY-ANON'S LIVED EXPERIENCES IN COPING WITH DISASTER (FLOOD)
Presenter: Angel Rose L. Flores Thesis Adviser: Lucerne M. Razalo, PhD
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society at any scale due to hazardous events interacting with conditions of exposure, vulnerability, and capacity, leading to one or more of the following: human, material, economic and environmental losses, and impacts" (United Nation Office for Disaster Risk Reduction – UNISDR ) The Philippines is the fourth most at-risk country in the world and every year, it is attacked by an average of 18-20 turbulent typhoons with 8 or 9 of those storms making landfall and affecting millions of lives (Bildan, 2003). CDO one of the largest city and 10th most populous is always affected by these disasters, specifically flood.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The conduct of the study will answer the questions, what are the challenges faced by the Kagay-anons in coping the aftermaths of flood? What are their reasons of staying in disaster-risk areas, and do communication media have helped the Kagay-anon in coping with disaster?
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
Generally Explore the experience of the Kagay-anons in coping with disasters like floods. Specifically 1.Discover the challenges of the Kagay-anons during and after the flood; 2.Explore the Kagay-anons means and ways of coping with the effects of flood; 3.Investigate on the reasons why the Kagay-anons continue to live in the disaster-risk areas; 4.Ascertain the types of communication media which maybe have helped the Kagay-anon in coping with disaster.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Students in CMU People living in Bukidnon National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC)
SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS
residents in Barangay Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City flood victims of Sendong residents of the disaster area after Sendong willingness to be involved
THEORITICAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
PROTECTION MOTIVATION THEORY
founded by R.W Rogers in 1975 in order to better understand fear appeals and how people cope with them threat appraisal & coping appraisal 1. Threat appraisal a. severity of the threat b. the probability that the threat would come to pass 2. Coping appraisal a. response-efficacy b. self-efficacy
proposed by Wilbur Schramm in 1954 circular model encoder and decoder The Schramm model of communication seeks to explain how meaning is transferred between individuals, corporation and others, thus, it can happen within our self or two people; each person acts as both sender and receiver and hence use interpretation (Blythe, 2009).
FRAMEWORK OF ANALYSIS
1.Flood victims of Barangay Carmen continue to live in disaster risk areas because they always expect and assess the severity and probability of the flood disaster. 2.Flood victims of Barangay Carmen were able to cope with disaster because they have self-efficacy and response-efficacy which refer to their level of disaster preparedness and its effectiveness in coping with its aftermath. 3.Communication has helped the flood victims of Barangay Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City cope with the disaster particularly flood and became resilient.
The study will utilize the qualitative design, specifically narrative approach to explore Kagay-anon’s lived experiences in coping with disasters.
LOCALE OF THE STUDY
The research will employ in-depth interviews as a way of collecting data for the researcher to understand and interact properly with the participants.
1. Victims of two or more typhoons (Ondoy, Sendong, Pablo and Yolanda) 2. Residents living in disaster-risk area in Barangay Carmen specifically near the Cagayan de Oro river 3. Willingness to be involved in the research
SAMPLING AND SAMPLE SIZE
The research will use purposive sampling technique in getting the research participants. It is a non-probability sample that is selected based on the characteristics of a population and the objective of the study (Crossman, 2020 ) The researcher will interview research participants until it will reach the saturation point.
The researcher will ask a permit to the Institutional Ethics Review Committee (IERC) ask permission from the local government of Barangay Carmen ask permission from the residents of Barangay Carmen and ask a sign of notice of consent as proof
use of guide questions/research questions
Yin’s (2011) five phased-cycle 1. compiling 2. disassembling 3. reassembling 4. interpreting 5. concluding