# MPPU 1003 INNOVATION IN LEARNING AND TEACHING Assignment 1: Problem Identification

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MPPU 1003 INNOVATION IN LEARNING AND TEACHING Assignment 1: Problem Identification

TAN SEE YEE MPP 181101

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Problem found in teaching and learning

Students facing difficulties in understanding the topic fractions. Students always make mistake while solving fraction question, especially question involved the addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of fraction with like denominator and unlike denominator, mixed fraction and improper fraction.

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Problem found in teaching and learning

Primary students feel that fraction is a complicated topic to learn and they feel difficult to comprehend it (Ray & Felix, 2019). Students often process numerator and denominator as two separate whole number (florence, 2013), therefore, they apply procedures that can only be used with the whole number.

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Who is affected by the problem?

Primary 4 – 6 students.

Why it is important to solve this problem?

Fraction plays key role in mathematics, it involves in probabilities, proportional and algebraic reasoning.

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Data collection

Through interviewing the primary students about which topic is the most difficult topic for them to totally understand. Through observing the students’ work.

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Sample of students’ work

S. Joyce used L of mineral water. L sugar and mango extract to make tnango jum that the total volume is than 6 13m) a) Did you that the juice by Can be med in a 6L i [Iml b) Based on your answer in show that the total volume Of the mango juice that made by Joyce is less than 6 L. [Iml 3

6. stvws the distMEe between three places , J. K and L. a) Every monng. Joyce spent hm.r to trave J to K md another one hour to travel from K to L Did you think that the distance tmNeen JK and.KL is the same? Justify ymr [Iml Same. b) If the distarre between JK and KL is equal, what of X? [2m]

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How do they solve the problem?

Fraction kits such as fraction strips and fraction towers. Butterfly method

Qdd_ipg+ cg fiochms unlike dm Reduce Will 20

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Who else has attempted to solve the problem?

Upper primary mathematics teachers

How effective are current solutions?

Enable students to visualize the parts of fraction and explore fraction relationship. Allow students to develop a concrete understanding of fractions and mixed numbers, investigate equivalency, compare and order fractions and explore number operations with fractions

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Suggested project or innovation

A puzzle fraction game APP can be created to allow students understand fraction through game.

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Aim of suggested project

To cultivate students’ interest on fraction and make students feel that fraction is actually not difficult. Students can be motivated when they win the game. Students have more chances to understand about fraction through playing the puzzle game as they need to choose the puzzle block using addition, subtraction, multiplication or division.

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Constraints of the suggested project

This app game can only be used as an additional tool to enhance students’ interest on fraction. It requires iPad and computer, therefore, hard to implement in the school if teacher wants to involve all students.