The Six City Strategy - Benefits of Cooperation

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[Audio] Good morning, my name is Pekka Sundman (+ muut esittelysanat, jos sellaisia haluat sanoa). It is a pleasure to be presenting results of our Six City Strategy work for you here at Tampere Smart City Week Conference. But before we go to the results, I would like to go back to where this all started and why we are doing this together.

The Six City Strategy - Benefits of Cooperation

Pekka Sundman Director of Regional Cooperation, City of Turku Tampere Smart City Week 27.1.2021

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[Audio] In 2013 we started devising the 6Aika strategy together. And "we" means the six biggest cities in Finland: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Turku and Oulu. The decision was made here to allocate the received EU- funding for sustainable urban development to a group of cities. This was because the funding could be used more effectively as a joint resource and it wouldn't be fragmented to too small shares. Cities are small in Finland. Often it makes no sense to compete over the same resources when instead we could be sharing our capacities and knowledge to create something that benefits us all. There is no need for reinventing the wheel in each individual city.



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Smart Cities Work Together

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[Audio] So in the 6Aika strategy, we have combined forces to find new solutions for our challenges, which is more powerful than each of us working on our own. 6Aika has a solution-oriented thematic approach, where we see the network of the six cities as a unique marketplace for developing innovative solutions coming from companies and R&D&I organisations such as universities. The six cities together build a large enough and attractive platform to test new solutions. The primary objective of 6Aika is to strengthen Finland's competitiveness by using the cities as innovation development and experimentation environments and platforms.The strategy aims not only to produce service innovations, but also to promote competitive business and employment. The intention is for the cities to cooperate more with each other in concrete development projects, sharing the results widely. So we are not just comparing notes, we actively work together in practice. 6Aika is carried out as part of Finland's structural fund programme for sustainable growth and jobs from 2014 until 2022. Our budget is about 100M€. 50% of this is EU- funding, the state of Finland covers for 17% and cities for the remaining 33%. With this funding, the idea is to boost new business, knowhow and jobs by piloting, experimenting, fostering innovation and testing operating models and solutions.

TURKU OULU TAMPERE VANTAA ESPOO HELSINKI Concerns every third Finn. BUDGET €100M 60 projects started FINANCIERS Helsinki-Uusimaa Regional Council (ERDF) Häme EL Y Centre (ESF) Six Cities Project partners Finnish Government MAIN GOALS new business, know-how and jobs increasing

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[Audio] We started the work by building the capacity and the knowledge base in the cities to form a foundation for the strategy implementation: open data and interfaces was probably the most important focus area in the beginning, and one of the drivers to start with. Although, in fact, the open innovation platforms focus area has taken the biggest leap forward during the implementation. The third focus area was open participation and customership, which is nowadays integrated into almost all development work through different co-creation tools. On top of this basis we have been running various pilot projects for testing and developing new solutions in various themes and with wide networks of experts. These projects have gained a large number of results, such as new operating models and methods for other cities to use as well.

Building capacity and knowledge base O pen data and interfaces Open innovation platforms Open participation and customership 1

Pilot projects Piloting and experimenting in numerous thematic areas . 2

Scaling the results Scaling results, methods and operating models to other cities. 3

Building Smarter Cities With 6Aika

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[Audio] So far 60 projects have started in 6Aika, and they vary thematically from smart mobility to learning, and circular economy to employment. In the projects we are using the tools of digitalisation, open data and interfaces and bottom-up oriented co-creation methods. All key areas in building ever smarter cities. There are currently just under 20 projects running. And even a couple of new ones are starting this spring.

Circular Economy and Energy (13 projects) 17M€ Training and Employment (19 projects) 15M€ Smart City - Solutions ja Urban Data (7 projects) New Knowledge and Competences for SMEG (4 projects) Learning (2 projects) Health and Wellbeing (5 projects) Mobility (4 projects)

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[Audio] Our 6Aika-strategy is based on cooperation between the cities, but also within the cities among different stakeholders. We invite companies, research & development organisations and citizens to gather around the same table with the cities, and open up the shared challenges cities have for companies to solve. The idea is for companies to bring a fresh perspective and new solutions to familiar problems or to completely new needs. The six cities operate as experimentation environments, where companies can test new products and services in the real life urban settings. Our aim is to create world-class reference sites, utilizing open data and interfaces, co-creation methodology and working closely together with quadruple helix actors in the innovation system. A big part of the strategy has been to build cooperation networks between the cities. Projects on different themes have formed networks of experts who have met regularly. Knowledge sharing and peer learning have increased within and between the cities. There have been a little more than 1000 experts working in the projects from many fields of expertise as you saw from the project areas on the previous slide, and all together 63 organisations have been involved. Quite many of them in multiple activities. The most important target group is the companies that are also operating as partners in the projects. Approximately 4000 companies have been taking part in the development work and experiments.

Networks and Collaboration

63 different organizations have been involved. Over 1010 specialists from different fields. Over 4 000 companies participated in co-creation and piloting.

Users Citizens

Utilisers Companies and communities

Enablers The Six Cities

Developers R&D&I organisations


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[Audio] As this strategy program is strongly related to economic policy development, the highest decision-making power is in the management group which consists of the directors of economic development of the six cities. We rotate the chair each year, so the leadership is equally shared. Together we define the themes of the open calls for proposals and select the projects to be funded. Each project must have implementers from at least two of the six-city areas. The strategy implementation is steered together in workshops, where the management group, steering group and the Strategy Office, which is coordinating the operationalization of 6Aika meet about 2 times a year to summarize what has been achieved, identify pain points and envision together what we should focus on and what we want to emphasize in the future. In addition, each city has city-specific steering groups that support the implementation of projects and the uptake of results locally.

Shared strategy - shared leadership


Managing Authority (MA) Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment

The Six Cities

Funding Bodies ERDF - Helsinki-Uusimaa Regional Council ESF - Centre for Economic Development, Transport and Environment of Häme

6Aika Management Group

6Aika Steering Group


6Aika Strategy Office



City- specific Steering Groups

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[Audio] So what have we accomplished so far? During the 6Aika strategy cities have co-created new solutions and services with 4 000 individual companies. With the 6Aika projects the companies have tested and developed their solutions and services in real life urban settings. They have co-created with real users in surroundings which are normally hard to get into such as schools, elderly homes, and hospitals. Companies have gained new knowledge of their products, new information about the users and the use-cases, and more understanding of how their product or service could add value to their customers. Cities offered the companies straight access to users, opportunity to co-create with other companies, citizens, R&D&I organisations and cities, and platforms and places for innovative piloting. Companies have created new solutions to the market: like Skipperi - a sharing service for boats and new AI-based services for the big tech company TietoEvry. Other solutions were re-developed or applied into new settings, such as a COVID- 19 breathalyser. By now, companies have created over 800 new solutions, products or services. In the long run, this kind of product development leads to new business, as in some cases it already has. In most of the cases the starting point for co-creation has been challenge-based. The city or other public organisation publishes a challenge and companies send in their proposal for solving the challenge. Then the best of the proposed solutions are piloted in real life settings. This kind of agile piloting process was first developed in Helsinki, in the Kalasatama district. It quickly became popular and spread to other cities and abroad too. These kinds of new methods for co-creation have helped all cities to collaborate more tightly with companies. In fact, one of our main results is the new relationship between cities and companies, as well as with R&D&I organizations and citizens. Instead of following the normal procurement process, cities published the challenges they wanted to solve. In this way companies were able to offer more precise and effective solutions. Cities have learned to collaborate in a new way with companies. And we have also given up on the idea that the cities know best what the problem is and how it should be solved. Previously the relationship between cities and companies was more related to public procurement. 6Aika has reformed the role of cities and now we act as facilitators and enablers in companies' product and business development. Cities have a crucial role in building, activating and steering the innovation ecosystem both at the local and national level. And collaboration is one of the key ingredients when cities are being developed into open innovation platforms. During the 6Aika strategy over 100 new innovation platforms were created. Many of them are still in use such as the Smart and Wise programme here in Turku and City as a service model in Espoo. The companies that have been involved in innovation platform activities now know better how the city organisation works and what kind of collaboration possibilities cities can offer. Companies have gained new networks and found new partners from other companies.

New solutions & opportunities

+800 new or improved solutions , products or services have been developed. +100 new innovation platforms have been created. Concrete actions and novel co-creation methods tightened and renewed the relationship between cities and companies. Cities turned into innovation platforms.

Photo: Energywise Cities, Jarno Räisänen, City of Helsinki

Photo: CircVol project

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[Audio] Another key result are the opportunities 6Aika has created for job seekers and students. The 6Aika strategy has strengthened the city's competitiveness by improving the skills of job seekers and training new potential employees for companies. The strategy has flexibly focused on tackling different needs of the labour market. For example we have trained digital skills of job seekers and developed vocational training to better adapt to the digital and remote world. We have developed additional training for sectors undergoing restructuring or in urgent need of workers with new skills. Until now, over 5 000 people have participated in these employment actions. All in all, pragmatic collaboration and co-creation between cities, companies, R&D&I organisations and citizens has enhanced everyone's innovation capability. In addition, implementing the strategy together has made us cities and thousands of different specialists and smart city developers a tight network. This makes our cities resilient and adjustable. 6Aika projects have summarised their learnings into numeros handbooks and publications. These are all publicly available for everyone to use at our website. And we wish these will benefit other cities and innovation actors around Finland and Europe as well.

New skills & capabilities

Over 5 000 people participated in improving their study or employment opportunities. Collaboration between cities, companies, R&D&I organisations and citizens enhanced the innovation capacity and resilience of the whole ecosystem.


Photo: TUTTU Project

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[Audio] Now, I will turn your attention towards the City of Turku in particular.

Benefits of 6Aika Cooperation for Turku

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[Audio] 6Aika projects have speeded up the development work in Turku to achieve the strategic goals of the city. Smart and Wise Turku was devised based on our work in the Six City Strategy. It combines the strategic goal of the Turku region to become carbon neutral by 2029 with the city's Smart City concept. Smart and Wise Turku has six focal points. The 6Aika projects implemented in Turku have focused mainly on three of these - carbon neutrality and resource wisdom, traffic and mobility and customership and service management. In the 6Aika projects in Turku smart solutions have been tested for example in schools and kindergartens, in city service buildings, in urban area guidance and in logistics and traffic, including urban waterway transport. Pilots have been realised in different areas around the city, such as in the Science Park area, in the new city district of Skanssi, in the Topinpuisto circular economy hub and in Blue Industry Park. The piloting in Tiedepuisto and Blue Industry Park is closely linked to the implementation of the Carbon Neutral Turku 2029 programme. It opens up possibilities for co-creation for the companies in the area.

Focal Points of Smart and Wise Turku

0% Carbon neutrality and resource wisdom Customership and service management Safety and security 088B Urban design Traffic and mobility Prevention of social exclusion

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[Audio] Located near the Turku shipyard in Perno, Blue Industry Park aims at becoming a leading production and innovation cluster of the maritime and manufacturing industries in European scale. The area serves companies of all sizes and strengthens the industrial clusters in the Turku region on the whole. The competitive advantage of Blue Industry Park is the synergy created by the cooperation of companies and other actors in the area, including research. One of our 6Aika projects focuses on developing Blue Industry Park into an area which supports the carbon neutral and resource-wise functions of the companies operating there.

SERVICE Blye Indust a BIP BLUE INDUSTRY PARK LEADING CLUSTER OF MARITIME INDUSTRY Currently under construction, Blue Industry Park is a growth cluster of maritime industry and manufacturing industry. Blue Industry Park combines a critical mass of resources and expertise with a competitive setting for production, product development and research. The area is planned to become the leading cluster of maritime production and innovation in Europe.

Photo: Turku Business Region

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[Audio] The City of Turku is also developing the area of Science Park ( Tiedepuisto) to an internationally significant cluster of know-how and top expertise with ambitious goals. It is one of the three spearhead projects of the city and an important component in developing its attractiveness and competitiveness. It is the most significant centre of growth for know-how and hi-tech jobs in the urban region, offering a versatile platform for diverse experiment, development and research activities. The local strengths of the Turku area are a focus point in the projects conducted in Science Park. These concentrate for example on the maritime industry through the development of autonomous water transport. Different smart and low-carbon parking and delivery solutions are also tested there. Several methods and tools for co-creation that have been created in 6Aika projects are utilised in developing the area. In the field of health technology, Turku has, together with Oulu, developed their university hospitals as innovation platforms, bringing together hospitals' needs and companies' solutions for co-creation. This work started in one of our 6Aika projects and the method created has expanded to other university hospitals as well. Turku University Hospital is located in the Science Park area. Science Park is also home to the Visitor and Innovation Centre Joki. Joki is Finland's first regional business to business visitor centre. It offers a wide view into the Turku region business life and city development. The concept of the visitor centre was created in 6Aika. In Turku, 6Aika has created a setting for genuine smart city development which will continue in the future. In addition to the cooperation between the six cities, 6Aika has also strengthened the cooperation between and within our local networks. The tight cooperation between the city and the actors in the area has opened the possibility for companies to take part in the projects. We have learnt that co-creation is truly a successful and productive way of working. The impressive operating models and other results of 6Aika strategy will be utilized in the future in further building and developing the cooperation among the actors in the Turku region.

Turku Science Park Boldly experimental. Logistically attractive. Alive 24/7/365. Sustainably Growing.

Photo: Cederqvist & Jäntti Arkkitehdit Oy

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Photo: City of Turku

Visitor and Innovation Center Joki

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[Audio] One of the key insights that emerged during the 6Aika strategy implementation was the importance of building trust between the different actors involved. Trust came through openness and dialogue, and through recognising that we have similar challenges which we want to solve. We want the networks that have been born during the collaboration to grow and keep developing - this all depends on us. In a country the size of Finland, we have to be smart about how we use our resources. In the future, the cooperation between cities could deepen even further and the results can be scaled to many more cities and areas and be utilized there. We have built a solid foundation on which to continue. It would be a waste of resources to work on these things alone.

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[Audio] To end with, I'd like to mention that Turku was just included in a New York Times article which showcased 52 places to visit for 2021 (if covid allows). With this I'd like to invite you all to collaborate with us. Welcome to Turku!

Welcome to Turku!

Turku, Finland "A lot of life here convenes around the river. I came to Turku in 2016 on a Fulbright scholarship, and I fell in love with the city on my first day. I was walking across a bridge over the Aura River — it was sunny, and the schools hadn't quite started yet so there were people all along the grassy areas on the riverbank. I remember thinking, "I want to live here forever. Nature is so accessible here; there are these tall trees everywhere. It seems like the earth and the sky can almost touch. The river is really my thing. When I'm biking, I'll go out of my way to ride on the river path. I moved back to Turku this August to be with my now-husband. We haven't really been going out into the city because of the pandemic, and I almost feel like I'm not really back because I haven't seen the river yet. —AVANTI CHAJED TURKU, FINLAND ABOUT THE AUTHOR Avanti Chajed is from Illinois and lives in Turku. She is a doctoral student doing work on immigrant family experiences.

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[Audio] Let's be in touch! Here is my contact information.

Contact information: Twitter: @kuutosaika #6Aika #SixCities Youtube: 6Aika Videos