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[Audio] CRIME IN THE VICTORIAN ERA By, Sam, Havin, Timothy and Jannat.

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[Audio] intro • The Victorian era was from 1837- 1901 As you can see a lot has happened within that time, But what was crime like? Let us find out with this presentation.

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[Audio] What was life like? What were the living conditions? •Living areas were often packed, with one family sharing a room and the entire street sharing an outside toilet and a water tap. •In the Victorian period the population increased, and many people began to move from the countryside to the towns and cities to work in factories. •There was a huge divide between the wealthier people and the poor people. •The fear of crime was made worse by cheap books called ' penny dreadfuls'. These stories set were out to shock readers with details of horrible crimes. I suppose you could say life was pretty-depressing esspecially if you were a child and/or poor..

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[Audio] Children and the law Young people have always gotten into trouble when it came to the law, but what changed towards them was how society dealt with them. Before the victorian times, children would be sent to an adult prison; in fact, there were some records of children aged 12 being hanged. Life was tough back then; nothing was as easy as you thought it was... The Victorians didn't know how to deal with the children committing the crimes a lot of their mindsets were kind of like this: mistake pain discipline.

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[Audio] Why did people start to move to towns? A) they felt like it B) because they were banned from living in the countryside C)to work in factories. if you chose c you are correct

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[Audio] What did the whole street have to share with each other? A)clothes B) food C) an outside water tap and toilet D) materials such as wood for the fire. if you chose c once again you are correct, now let us continue

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[Audio] The police force • In order to improve order in London, a politician named Sir Robert Peel formed the first English police force in 1829. Many other areas of the country formed their own police forces over the next ten years. • Policemen carried truncheons and rattles to raise the alarm. •Many people did not trust the new police force. However, over time, the police proved they could reduce crime and so they became more trusted and popular..

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[Audio] How were people who broke the law punished? Many criminals were transported to Australia for hard labour. In 1857, the law that allowed this was changed. criminals were transported or taken to court. Victorians believed that making criminals work extremely hard would deter them from committing further crimes. The crank and the treadmill: Prisons forced inmates to perform pointless work such as trying to turn a crank 10,000 times per day. Or you can walk for hours on giant circular treadmills. Special teen prisons were created, to deal with young offenders. These were referred to as " Reformatory Schools." Fines, hanging, or war into the army were the other options.

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[Audio] So what about present day? The 6.43 million crimes reported in 2019/20 compared to a crime of about 96.3 crimes per 1,000 people in the United Kingdom, with England and Wales slightly higher than average and Scotland and Northern Ireland both having lower crime rates..

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[Audio] •Make sure you're safe. Attempt to escape, call for help, or hide. Do whatever you can to keep out of harm's way. •Help others. Anyone who is injured should be given first aid. • Call 999 as soon as possible to report the crime and to get medical assistance. • Nothing should be touched or moved. Keep in mind that anything you touch or move can ruin important evidence. •Keep your eyes peeled. Relax, take a deep breath, and take a look around. Take note of how people appear, what they're wearing, , and what they're doing. If possible, take note of the liscence plate, an ID ect •Wait for the police to arrive. When the police arrive, point them in the direction of the crime and any injured people. Tell them exactly what happened and answer all of their questions honestly. Make sure you only talk about what you know and don't try to explain anything. If you have witnessed a crime, what should you do?.

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[Audio] You aren't a snitch , report it don't ignore it.

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[Audio] Thank you for watching. . . Thank you for watching.