The Role of Religiosity and Spirituality in Moderating Trait Anxiety and Marital Satisfaction in Filipino Married Couples

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The Role of Religiosity and Spirituality in Moderating Trait Anxiety and Marital Satisfaction in Filipino Married Couples

Mary Abigail Miranda

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INTRODUCTION

Trait Anxiety – dispositional characteristic; proneness to emotional and negative moods Religion – connected to formal institutions Spirituality – "search for the sacred" Relational Spirituality Marital Satisfaction –a condition where both spouse are satisfied and fulfill their needs

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CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

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METHODOLOGY

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Descriptive Research Design Quantitative Correlational Research Design INSTRUMENTS ENRICH Marital Satisfaction short scale EMS-15 2 subscales measure multidimensional aspects of Marital Satisfaction 10 items for Marital Satisfaction 5 items for idealistic distortions (buffer possibility of unrealistic positivity on marriage)

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Faith Maturity Scale Short Form Relational Spirituality 2 subscales: Horizontal and Vertical Belief Into Action Scale: A comprehensive and sensitive measure of Religious Involvement Seeks to convert simple beliefs into actions Trait Anxiety from State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Scale Self-administering measure of how one generally feel

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PROCEDURE

Purposive sampling November 2020-February 2021 506 married individuals voluntarily participate Informed Consent Ethical Considerations

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DATA ANALYSIS

Quantitative Research Design Moderation Analysis Model Three-way interaction with 2 moderators Logistics Regression Methodological Limitations

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RESULTS

Demographic profile Comparisons of the main variables based on the demographic characteristics of the respondents Moderation analysis of the theoretical model involving trait anxiety and marital satisfaction with religiosity and spirituality as the moderator variables

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DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE

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Table 1: Demographic Profile of Married Respondents

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Table 2: Activities in Church

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Table 3: Summary Statistics of Numeric Variables

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COMPARISONS BY DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE

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Table 4: Means Scores by Gender

*-significant at 5% alpha

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Table 5: Means Scores by Age Group

**-significant at 1% alpha

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Table 5.1: Multiple Comparisons Test for Trait Anxiety and Age Group

**-significant at 1% alpha

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Table 5.2: Multiple Comparisons Test for Religiosity and Age Group

*-significant at 5% alpha **-significant at 1% alpha

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Table 5.3: Multiple Comparisons Test for Spirituality and Age Group

*-significant at 5% alpha **-significant at 1% alpha

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Table 6: Means Scores by Religion

**-significant at 1% alpha

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Table 6.1: Multiple Comparisons Test for Spirituality and Religion

**-significant at 1% alpha

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Table 6.2: Multiple Comparisons Test for Religiosity and Religion

**-significant at 1% alpha

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Table 7: Means Scores by Involvement in Church

**-significant at 1% alpha

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REGRESSION WITH TWO MODERATOR VARIABLES

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Table 8: Categorical Scores for Marital Satisfaction

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Figure 1: Moderated Regression with Two Moderators and Three-way Interaction

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Figure 1: Moderated Regression with Two Moderators and Three-way Interaction

Table 9: Regression with Two Moderator Variables and Three-way Interaction

**-significant at 1% alpha

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Figure 2: Moderated Regression with Two Moderator Variables (no 3-way interaction)

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Figure 2: Moderated Regression with Two Moderator Variables (no 3-way interaction)

Table 10: Regression with Two Moderator Variables and Two-way Interactions

*-significant at 5% alpha **-significant at 1% alpha

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Figure 3: Independence Model

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Figure 3: Independence Model

Table 11: Independence Models – Multiple Linear Regression

*-significant at 5% alpha

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Figure 4: Alternative Moderation Model with Spirituality as Moderator

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Figure 4: Alternative Moderation Model with Spirituality as Moderator

Table 12: Alternative Moderation Model

**-significant at 1% alpha

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DISCUSSION

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As the individual gets older, it is more likely that they will develop a higher level of trait anxiety. Along with trait anxiety, religiosity and spirituality was also found to increase with age Disillusionment Model

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Higher religiosity may have a higher chance of having an unsatisfied spouse Marital dissolutions Mixed-faith marriage or couples with different beliefs Spirituality is significant and affects marital satisfaction

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LIMITATIONS

Sample size: Lower age group, female participants outnumbered male participants Pros and cons of online data gathering "Non-probability sampling"

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IMPLICATIONS

Religiosity, spirituality and marital satisfaction Impact of religiosity and spirituality in shaping family or married life Application in clinical setting and family counseling

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CONCLUSIONS

Effect of trait anxiety on marital satisfaction Religiosity and spirituality Christian Spirituality

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RECOMMENDATION

Religion, race and generation Other areas of spirituality Negative side of spirituality Clinical implications