REVIEW OF TED VIDEO

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[Audio] 照片为 学生拍摄的 礼堂

REVIEW OF TED VIDEO

NAME: PETER BABATUNDE IDOWU STUDENT ID: 2020B8004133010 INSTITUTE OF PROCESS ENGINEERING

University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

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University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

The TED video explains some basic hidden fact about children’s lying pattern and adult hidden emotions on the long run. There are three common believe about children and lying which are outrightly not true; That children only tell lies after entering elementary school That children are poor liars and adult can easily detect their lies That if children lies at a very young age, there must be some character flaws in them and they will grow to become pathological liars for life. It has been proven that regardless of the country, gender or religion of a child, at 2 years of age, 30% of them lie while 70% tell the truth about their transgressions. At 3 years of age, 40% lie while 60% tells the truth. While more than 80% of children above 4 years tell lie.

Video Review

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University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

The two key ingredient that facilitate lying in children are; Mind reading : This is the ability to know that different people has different knowledge about a situation and ability to differentiate what people know in their mind. Mind reading is an important ingredient for lying as it is hinged on the fact that “ I know but you don’t know if I know, therefore I can lie ”. Self control : This ability helps one to control speech, facial expression and body language so as to tell a convincing lie. It has also been proven that children with more advanced mind reading and self control ability tell lies earlier and are more sophisticated liars. In fact, studies have shown that deficiency in this two key ingredients have been associated with serious developmental problems such as Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Autism as lying pattern suggests that a child has arrived to a new milestone of typical development.

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University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

In order to have a good standpoint in detecting children lies, the following should be taken into consideration; When children lies, their facial expression is neutral. However, behind the neutral expression, the child might be experiencing a whole lot of inner emotional imbalance such as fear, guilt, shame and probably liar’s delight. So, the need to reveal the inner emotions of a child is very important in order to determine if a child is lying or not. This has lead to the discovery of scientific approach in detecting children’s lie by studying facial blood flow changes to reveal emotions. To study this blood flow changes, an imaging technology called Transdermal optical imaging can be used which will help to reveal hidden emotions associated with lying to an accuracy of about 85% based on the contraction and relaxation of facial muscles. Another important effect in identifying a lying child is the Pinocchio effect. This effect explains that when people lie, facial blood on the cheeks reduces while the blood flow in the nose increases. The technology can also be used in areas such as education, health care, revealing politician’s true emotions, marketing research and even in dating relationships as the Pinocchio effect is also experienced in all these.