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Who’s Reporting?

MIRZA

HUSNA

ZAHIRAH

MANAGE REPORTERS

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NATIONAL DAYS

National Day is the official independence day of Federation of Malaya. The Declaration of Independence Days is 31 August 1957.

SUBTOPICS OF THE REPORT

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SUB TOPIC Part 1

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Father of independence

Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah DMN, DK,  DUK was a Malaysian statesman who served as the head of government of Malaysia and its predecessor states from 1955 to 1970. He was the first Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya from 1955 to 1957. He supervised the independence process that culminated on 31 August 1957. Commonly known simply as " Tunku " (a Malay royal title), Tunku Abdul Rahman is widely regarded, even by his critics, as Malaysia's "founding father", the architect of Malayan independence and the formation of Malaysia. As such, he is often referred to as Father of Independence ( Bapa Kemerdekaan ) or Father of Malaysia ( Bapa Malaysia ).

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SUB TOPIC Part 2

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History of malaysia

Malaysia is located on a strategic sea lane that exposes it to global trade and various cultures. Strictly, the name "Malaysia" is a modern concept, created in the second half of the 20th century. Japanese invasion during World War II ended British rule in Malaya. The subsequent occupation of Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak from 1942 to 1945 unleashed a wave of nationalism. After the Japanese surrender from Malaya due to being defeated by the Allies, Malayan Union was established in 1946 by the British administration but following opposition by the ethnic Malays, the union was reorganized as the Federation of Malaya in 1948 as a protectorate state until 1957. A serious military response to the communist insurgency as well as the Baling Talks in 1955 led to the establishment of independence for Malaya on 31 August 1957 through diplomatic negotiation with the British.

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SUB TOPIC Part 3

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The formation of malaysia

The Federation of Malaysia, comprising the states of the Federation of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore, was officially declared on 31 August 1963, on the 6th anniversary of Malayan independence. However, it was postponed to 16 September 1963, mainly due to Indonesian and the Philippines' opposition to the formation of Malaysia. Nevertheless, North Borneo and Singapore declared sovereignty on 31 August 1963 The Cobbold Commission, led by Lord Cobbold , was also formed to determine whether the people of North Borneo and Sarawak wished to join Malaysia. Their eventual findings, which indicated substantial support for Malaysia among the peoples of Sabah and Sarawak, cleared the way for the final proclamation of Malaysia.

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SUB TOPIC Part 4

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Jalur gemilang

The Malayan flag was designed by Mohamed Hamzah , a 29-year-old architect working for the Public Works Department (JKR) in Johor Baharu,  Johore . He entered the Malayan flag design competition in 1947 with two designs that he completed within two weeks. The first design was a green flag with blue  kris  in the middle, surrounded by 15 white stars. The second design, which was among the three finalists, was similar to the current flag but with a five-pointed star. The competition attracted 373 entries and voting was made by the general public via post. Malayan senior statesman Dato '  Onn Jaafar  met with Mohamed Hamzah after he won the competition and suggested that the star be changed to an 11-pointed one to represent all the Malayan states.

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SUB TOPIC Part 5

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RUKUN NEGARA

The  Rukun Negara or (formerly  Rukunegara ; Malay for 'National Principles') is the Malaysian declaration of national philosophy instituted by royal proclamation on  Merdeka Day, 1970, in reaction to a serious race riot known as the 13 May Incident, which occurred in 1969 . The incident proved at that time that Malaysian racial balance and stability was fragile. Immediately thereafter, the Malaysian government sought ways to foster unity among the various races in Malaysia. One of the methods used to encourage unity is the Rukun Negara.The word  Rukun Negara can refer to the whole declaration, the words after the preamble (beginning  Maka kami...) or the five principles alone.

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E'S T • O. R A • s A

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Tan Sri Dato ' Haji Muhyiddin bin Haji Muhammad Yassin 1 MARCH2020- 16 AUGUST 2021

PERDANA MENTERI

Dato' Sri Ismail Sabri bin Yaakob 21 AUGUST 2021- NOW

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Thank you For listening!

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Reporters: Mirza , Husna , Zahirah Subject: English Teacher: Mrs. Munirah binti Mohamed

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