NCGBT 2021_E-Proceedings

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About the Conference:

The pandemic that took the entire world by storm has also necessitated the increased use of

technology for us in order to navigate our way through the various attendant checks and constraints

that followed in its wake. Though ostensibly appearing as a democratizing force, technology,

being a product of constant human invention, has nevertheless also inherited some of the

very gender biases and prejudices that have largely defined the history of mankind. In an attempt

to forge a 'her story of womankind', there have been numerous waves of feminism ranging from

the demand for suffragette to the celebration of one's body irrespective of one's age, physique,

skin tone or sexual orientation. The discriminatory environment of the Silicon Valley is a fitting

illustration of this. Therefore, the advocacy for diversity and gender equality that is championed

by gender activists like Ellen Pao assumes significance. Besides, the disquieting dearth of female

speakers at tech conferences is a blatant manifestation of the industry's gender gap.

Gender imbalances in machine learning is another area that produces algorithms that reinforce

gender ideologies and put women at a disadvantage. It is important to debate, discuss, and

tentatively hypothesize about alternatives related to some of these issues. Seeking to understand

and address this question from an interdisciplinary perspective, it invites scholars and activists

from the field of Information Technology, science, gender studies, literature, cinema, law,

hospitality and management to submit their papers.

About AURO University, Surat:

AURO University, founded by the Rama Family, is inspired by the vision and teachings of Sri

Aurobindo Ghosh and The Mother. AURO University is an environment of collaboration and

creativity driven by self-discovery of “Inner Being” that encourages, enables and empowers

students in their intellectual, emotional and spiritual growth. AURO University is a center for

value-based education. AURO University has eight schools under its umbrella, which are School

of Law, School of Business, School Journalism and Mass communications, School of Liberal Arts

and Human Sciences, School of Design, School of Information Technology, School of Hospitality

Management, and School of Sciences. Our mission of providing integral and transformational

education to our students drives our philosophy on education. We firmly believe that education

must not be limited purely to academic learning.

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About Women Development Cell

WDC at AURO University been established with an aim to provide and maintain a dignified,

congenial working environment for women employees (including teaching, non-teaching and

contractual workers) and students, where they can work, study and explore their potential to the

fullest. WDC aims to sensitize all members of AURO University community towards the Supreme

Court and statutory mandate prohibiting gender discriminations and sexual harassment at the work

place and encourage involvement through academic, cultural and outreach activities such as talks,

seminars, workshops, community action, drama, street theatre, poster-making etc. To provide for

dialogue, discussion, and deliberation on women's rights and gender-related issues.

About Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

The Don Bosco Institute of Technology is an Engineering College established and managed by the

Salesians of Don Bosco. The college is approved by AICTE and is affiliated to the University of

Mumbai. It is NAAC accredited as well as ISO 9001 certified.

Situated in the Kurla in Mumbai, DBIT has an enviable lush green campus. It offers undergraduate

courses in Computer Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics & Telecommunication

Engineering and Information Technology. It aims to impart premium quality technical education

to young people in a holistic manner with equal emphasis on core technical knowledge,

employment skills and life skills.

About IEEE-Women in Engineering (WIE)

WIE is a global network of IEEE members and volunteers dedicated to promoting women

engineers and scientists, and inspiring girls around the world to follow their academic interests in

a career in engineering and science. IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization

dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. It is designed to serve professionals

involved in all aspects of the electrical, electronic and computing fields and related areas of science

and technology that underlie modern civilization.

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Message from the desk of

Provost

AURO University, Surat

Gender being a social and cultural construct implies that the prejudices and discriminations that

crystallize around it invariably permeate all the spheres of life including technology. In a

typically male-dominated world, what is of utmost importance is the pressing need to challenge,

question, and eventually undermine the inherent structural inequalities that continue to plague

us. Advocating the paradigm of coexistence through a certain kind of productive dialogue,

exchange and interdependency between man and woman is the only way forward. Any form of

gender discrimination will definitely prevent us from achieving our true potential as a civil

society. These days even masculinity studies as an academic discipline demonstrates how

putting an end to gender bias not only substantially improves the overall quality of life of girls

and women in general but also contributes to the happiness quotient of men as well. Since both

the genders are equally special and valuable like the two sides of a coin, it becomes imperative

for us to identify the multiple modalities of gender discrimination (in technology or otherwise)

so that we can sensitize ourselves better when it comes to envisioning a more just, equitable,

and egalitarian social order.

- Prof Rajan Welukar

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Message from the desk of

Secretary General

Association of Indian Universities

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Message from the desk of

Principal

Don Bosco Institute of Technology

Mumbai

As a designer and practicing engineer, I have been in awe of the transformations brought about

by technology in our lives today. At the same time I am disappointed at the very obvious

discriminations, racial, gender or otherwise, that get propagated through a biased approach in

deployment of technology in designing products or processes. Much of the bias is subtle and

hidden and not obvious to a lay person. But its implications are huge and can result in an entire

race, community or gender being left out or, worse, becoming victims of technology bias. The

market place is rife with products that are gender neutral but are designed to serve a specific

gender (most often the male gender) at the cost of the other (the female gender). Designing for

female needs has to go beyond the “Shrink it and Pink it” paradigm. Sensitizing designers,

lawyers, engineers, policy makers, to the needs, preferences and choices of all probable

customers is the need of the hour. In this context, the Conference on Gender Bias in Technology

could not have come at a more opportune moment. As Principal of Don Bosco Institute of

Technology I am pleased to be associated with a dynamic team from Auro University for this

conference. The response to the conference theme has been very encouraging in spite of the

short notice for paper submission and participation. It will be great to listen to voices from all

walks of life as the understanding of gender bias and its implications unfold over the 2 days of

the conference.

My compliments to the entire team at Auro University for the earnestness and enthusiasm with

which the conference is being organized and my best wishes for meaningful deliberations that

can change the way technology is deployed in future.

-Dr Prasanna Nambiar

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Message from the desk of

Chair

Institute of Electrical & Electronics

Engineers,

Bombay Section, WEI AG

“We are meant to keep focused for new life, for new beginnings, for new experiences, and to use our

abilities to move beyond all those things that may serve as excuses to confine us to the now.” Byron

Pulsifer (Motivational Speaker).

Nothing is more damaging to the entire globe than the issue of Gender Bias. If we do not deal with it

now, it could go beyond the reach of mankind and would also result in low productivity, poverty and

disease with greater damage done to the basic social fabric of society.

I’m delighted to be associated with the National Conference on ‘Gender Bias in Technology’ organized

by Women Development Cell, AURO University, Surat in collaboration with Don Bosco Institute of

Technology, Mumbai, and IEEE Women in Engineering Affinity Group (AG.), Bombay Section.

Our vision is to facilitate the recruitment and retention of women in technical disciplines globally. Hence,

we at IEEE WIE AG, Bombay Section strive hard to build a vibrant community of IEEE women and

men collectively using their diverse talents to innovate for the benefit of humanity.

‘Gender Bias in Technology’, is undoubtedly a subject matter with a wider reach, which is evident from

the fact that this conference has received papers from diverse areas like Information Technology,

Science, Gender Studies, Literature, Cinema, Law, Hospitality, and Management.

The Organizing and Program Committees have worked hard to make this conference a success. I wish

all the attendees a highly inspiring and fruitful exchange of views and knowledge.

-Prof Varsha Gurjar

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Message from the desk of

Chairperson

Women Development Cell

AURO University

I heartily welcome all participants and guests on behalf of Women Development Cell AURO University & on my own personal behalf on this very special occasion of Celebrating International Women’s Day by Organizing National Conference jointly with Don Bosco Institute of Technology and IEEE Bombay Section Women in Engineering. As we have been talking about gender bias since the evolution of Humanity .The Gods Creation- Male & Female Bias are not only limited to biological, genetic, intellectual, behavioral and human dimensions. Even Technology has given it a new shape as new dimension in this discrimination war between two genders .This conference will surely provide a platform to participants to learn about the on-going trends on the digital gender and skills gap, gender biases in frontier technologies and many more aspects of Gender & Technology .It will provide them better understanding about what the public & private sector can do to increase gender diversity in the technology sector to address gender biases in these areas It has also been observed that one of the underlying causes of the gender biases seen in prevalent technological devices is the growing digital gender gap. While this digital gender divide is putting women at risk of being left behind in all realms of economic and social life, it also leads to a low female pool of talent across various industries and corporates, which in turn leads to under representation of women in technology sector I wish and hope this conference will sensitize the young students and professionals about the beauty of gender diversity in Technology and will help them gaining competitive edge in various business setups in Local & Global Market Scenarios. Wishing you all good luck for great learning experience and meaningful deliberations in the best interest of all. Yours Sincerely Dr Monika Suri

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E-Proceedings Editorial Board

Dr Monika Suri

Chairperson WDC, AURO University

Dr Shilpi Sharma

Convener, NCGBT, AURO University

Ms Veena Vaishy

Convener, NCGBT, AURO University

Mr. Shailendra Singh

Convener, NCGBT, AURO University

Dr Richa Agarwal

Assistant Professor, School of Business

AURO University

Dr. Ashwini Kotrashetti

HOD, Electronics &Telecommunication

DBIT

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National Conference on

“Gender Bias in Technology”

In collaboration with

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

&

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Bombay Section, WIE

Minute to Minute Inaugural Schedule

Monday, 8th March 2021

10:00 am to 11.25am

Coordinator – Dr Anshu Agarwal

10:00am – 10:02am Guru Vandana

10:02am – 10:06am Lighting of the Lamp

10:06am – 10:10am

Welcome Ms. Indrani Sengupta Assistant Professor, SoB, AURO University

10:10am – 10:14am Dance Performance – Shiv Stuti

10:14 am – 10:25 am

Introduction to Women Development Cell, AURO University followed by Documentary Dr Monika Suri, Chairperson WDC, AURO University

10:25 am – 10:30 am

Opening Remarks Dr Rajan Welukar Vice Chancellor, AURO University

10:30 am – 11:10 am

Key Note Address Mr Vivek Sawant Chief Mentor, Maharashtra Knowledge Corporation Limited

11:10 am – 11:20 am

Special Remarks on Conference Theme Dr. Prasanna Nambiar Principal, Don Bosco Institute of Technology

11:20 am – 11:25 am

Vote of Thanks Ms. Veena Vaishy Conference Convener, NCGBT, AURO University

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Panel Discussion 1

Theme – Impact of technology on Mental Health of Male & Female

Day, Date: Monday, 8th March 2021 Time: 12.30 pm to 1.30 pm

Session Chair

Dr Prasanna Nambiar

Principal, DBIT

Dr Prasanna Nambiar is Mechanical Engineer from VJTI of the 1982 batch. She worked in the industry for 5 year before joining VJTI. In 2008 she joined DBIT to take charge of the Mechanical Engineering department. She was instrumental in developing the labs in the department. As an expert if fluid pumping machinery she has provided design and consultancy for several projects at the state and national level. She is passionate about applying engineering to solve societal problems especially in areas of women’s empowerment and in tribal and rural sectors and enjoys guiding young students to use Design Thinking to identify and solve such problems.

Panelist 1

Dr. Rashmi Prakash

Corporate Trainer, Psychologist, One Precious Life

An International registered Psychologist with 19 years of Global work experience in mental health management and training. She also conducts behaviour management workshops, executive coaching and provides direct treatment to different age range of patients suffering from various psychological/behavioral problems. She also designs and develops psychometric tests for the organizations

Panelist 2

Dr. Manu Tiwari

Director, Mental Health & Behavioral Department

HOD - Mental Health and Psychiatrist,

Fortis, Noida

He is a Mumbai University top ranker graduate. A highly

acclaimed, enthusiastic person, known for his acumen and

leadership skills. All leading national print and visual media

quotes him on issues of Mental Health and Wellness.

Session Coordinator Dr Shailendra Singh

Assistant Professor, AURO University

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Panel Discussion 2

Theme - Gender Bias in Access to Information and Communication Technologies

Day, Date: Tuesday, 9th March 2021 Time: 10.00 am to 11.30 am

Session Chair

Ms. Mamta Rani Agarwal

Additional Secretary

Association of Indian Universities

She is also from the first batch of lady officers in the Indian Airforce being commission as Pilot Officer. She has extensive academic experience; working in the Higher Education sector, apex national-level academic bodies like UGC, AIU, GGSIP University and allied systems. President of India has nominated her as his nominee on the BoG of the NIPER, Kolkata. She has been an expert member in the task force on the implementation of National Education Policy in AICTE and Knowledge Consortium of Gujarat. She has also compiled and edited a five volumes reference book namely ‘Handbook of National Education Policy 2020, probably the first book on NEP.

Panelist 1

Dr. Sulabha Ranade

Director General, Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research (SAMEER)

Dr Ranade has been working at SAMEER, Mumbai, IIT Campus for last 30 years in the area of Radar Transmitters and Electromagnetics. Her areas of interest include Microwave Electronics, EMI/EMC issues in high power systems and signal integrity issues in high speed digital circuits. She has successfully completed many Defence and Space Application High Power Microwave Transmitter projects as Chief Investigator and contributed for projects for CEERI, Pilani in the area of High-Power C-band TWT test bench.

Panelist 2

Dr. Sunita Dhal

Director, School of Gender and Developmental

Studies, IGNOU

Dr Sunita Dhal is trained as a sociologist. She was associated with Centre for Development, NGO in Ahmedabad in the capacity of Advisor and associated with Shastri-Indo Canadian Institution and Action Aid, India Office as a consultant. She was actively involved with Women Studies Development Cell (WSDC) and Green Society of Jesus & Mary College in the past two years. Her interest lies in the areas of women in science, women’s reproductive health and biomedicine and indigenous knowledge.

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Panelist 3

Dr. Ashwini Kotrashetti

HOD, Electronics &Telecommunication, DBIT

Dr Ashwini offers consultancy services to companies on antenna designing & testing, microwave subsystem design and LoRaWAN applications. She is the grantee of the prestigious IEEE Humanitarian Activities Committee project grant for the year 2017, co-grantee of IEEE HAC Events 2018 and IEEE MTT-S/SIGHT Joint Funding 2019. She is a Senior IEEE Member holding positions of Chair, IEEE Bombay Section MTT- S Chapter and an EXECOM Member. She has several publications in international conferences & refereed journals to her credit.

Session Coordinator

Ms Mohini Naik

Assistant Professor, Don Bosco College of Engineering

WEI-Sub Committee Chair, IEEE, Bombay Section

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National Conference on

“Gender Bias in Technology”

In collaboration with

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

&

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Bombay Section, WIE

Minute to Minute Valedictory Schedule

Tuesday, 9th March 2021 Time: 3:00pm to 4.00pm

Coordinator – Dr Richa Agarwal

3.00 pm - 3.05 pm

Welcome by: Dr. Ashwini Kotrashetti DBIT, IEEE

3.05 pm - 3.10 pm

Opening Remarks Dr Rajan Welukar Vice Chancellor, AURO University, Surat

3.10 pm - 3.17 pm

Conference Report: Dr Shilpi Sharma Conference Convener, NCGBT, AURO University, Surat

3.17 pm - 3.32 pm

Valedictory Address: Dr Pankaj Mittal Secretary General, Association of Indian Universities

3.32 pm - 3.42 pm Skit – Theme of Conference: By AURO students

3.42 pm - 3.47 pm

Concluding Remarks Dr Rohit Singh Dean Academics, AURO University, Surat

3.47 pm – 3.52 pm

Vote of Thanks: Mr. Ajay Kumar Yadav Registrar, AURO University, Surat

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Abstracts

Code Title and Authors

Page No.

NCGBT-1

Gender Bias in Technology Dr. Umesh R. Dangarwala, Associate Professor, Department of Commerce and Business Management, The M. S. University, Vadodara Dr. Krupa Rao, Assistant Professor, School of Business, AURO University, Surat

17

NCGBT-2

DELGAS: Deep Learning GST Analytics System Shalanki Gupta, Shruti Kadam, Shloka Shetty, Kalpita Ajinkya Wagaskar, Amiya Kumar Tripathy

Department of Computer Engineering, Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Kurla (W), Mumbai, India

18

NCGBT-3

The Quandary of Gender Equality and Gender Roles Ammar A. Pahadwala, School of Law, AURO University

19

NCGBT-4

Analysis of Gender Based Discrimination in Decision Making Algorithms and its Impact Swati Kamath, Taaha Kazi, Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai University

20

NCGBT-5

Use of FOSS in Teaching-Learning Process to Improve Problem Solving Ability Sunita M Dol, Computer Science and Engineering Department, Walchand Institute of Technology, Solapur, India

21

NCGBT-6

Women Can Handle: Spoon, Hair and Laptop Also Dixit Rashmi K

22

NCGBT-7

Selling Misogyny: A Study of Gender Bias in Advertisements Ms. Fiona Dias

22

NCGBT-8

Impact of Technological Era on Mental Health of Men and Women Ms. Anagha Shastri, Head of College Women's Development Cell Ms. Dipti Jadhav, Head CWDC Ms. Aparna Telgote, Member-CWDC Ms. Devayani, Member-CWDC

23

NCGBT-9

Lived Experiences of Gender Biases and Perceived Mental Health Challenges in Female Air Force Officers Kruttika Agasti, Dr. Anuradha Sovani

24

NCGBT-10

Motherhood Vis-a-Vis Technology: Reproductive Choice Reconsidered Ms. Aditi Singh

25

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Code Title and Authors

Page No.

NCGBT-11

A Paradigm Shift in Period Management Through Deployment of Technology Sanjana Nandanvar, Amol Nagpure, Priti Warang, Pratibha Sharma, Dr. Prasanna Nambiar

26

NCGBT-12

Breaking the Glass Ceiling - A New Way Ms. Poonam Chakraborty, Ms. Namita Agarwal, Ms. Madhavi Pednekar

27

NCGBT-13

The Advent of Women: An Analysis of Gender Bias & Inequality in STEAM Literary Narratives Rhea Kotrashetti, Freda Carvalho, Ashwini Kotrashetti

28

NCGBT-14

Impact of Technology Era on Mental Health of man and women Anant R Christian, anantchristian@hotmail.com

29

NCGBT-15

Gender Bias: Perceptions Regarding Technological Expertise And Legal Provisions With Special Reference To Third gender Prashant Dubey (PhD Student), Faculty of Law, MSU, Baroda

30

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NCGBT-1: Gender Bias in Technology

Dr. Umesh R. Dangarwala, Associate Professor, Department of Commerce and Business

Management, The M. S. University of Baroda, Vadodara

umeshdangarwalamsu@gmail.com

Dr. Krupa Rao, Assistant Professor, School of Business, AURO University, Surat

krupa.rao@aurouniversity.edu.in

Sub-theme: Role of Family and peers in preventing women from entering the tech industry

Title of the paper: A study of impact and opportunities based on gender gap on various social

media platforms and usage of mobile phones in selected areas of Gujarat State

Purpose of the study:

The study is conducted to understand the huge impact and the numerous opportunities available in

the field of mobile phone usage and social media presence by females from various selected areas

of Gujarat state. Through this study, the researchers have evaluated the window of opportunities

and possibilities to expand the market by breaking in to the less focused segment of females as the

mobile users and the voice on social media platforms.

Method of the study:

The secondary data is collected after a thorough analysis of several articles and reports available

on virtual platforms related to the identified gender gap in the same field. The primary data is

collected and analyzed through in-depth group discussions and the personal interactions with

different genders.

Findings:

Some of the highlights of the analysis is that, there is substantial amount of percentage of females

who use less mobile phones, which is more than 56 percent. According to a study, there are hardly

42 percent of females are aware about the mobile phone usage and even less amount of percentage

for the social media platforms and how families and peer group is influencing this behavior.

Suggestions:

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The suggestions drawn after the study would be helpful for the marketers and social media

platforms to understand the opportunities in the new segment in the new market. The study would

also be useful for the academicians and researchers to take the research ahead as there is huge

future scope of the study in the different geographical areas.

Keywords: social media platforms, gender gap, usage of mobile phones

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NCGBT-2: DELGAS: Deep Learning GST Analytics System

Shalanki Gupta, Department of Computer Engineering

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Kurla (W), Mumbai, India

shalankig@gmail.com

Shruti Kadam, Department of Computer Engineering

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Kurla (W), Mumbai, India

shruti9728.sk@gmail.com

Shloka Shetty, Department of Computer Engineering

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Kurla (W), Mumbai, India

shloka5shetty11@gmail.com

Kalpita Ajinkya Wagaskar, Department of Computer Engineering

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Kurla (W), Mumbai, India

kalpita.dbit@dbclmumbai.org

Amiya Kumar Tripathy, Department of Computer Engineering Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Kurla (W), Mumbai, India

amiya.dbit@dbclmumbai.org

Abstract The Goods and Services Tax Act which was passed in the Lok Sabha on 29th March, 2017, and

came into effect from 1st July, 2017 has completely reformed the Indian taxation system. While

the Goods and Services tax will usher in greater transparency and create a simplified channel for

tracking data, it has also spawned the need for ERP and data analytics solutions. The proposed

system aims to develop a comprehensive Android Application that acts as a handy E-book for

information retrieval regarding Indian GST. It also targets to provide a platform to launch

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complaints that could be tracked, validate the vendor and study news regarding Indian GST. The

proposed system delivers meaningful data analytics and statistics concerning Indian GST and an

intelligent technique to answer user queries.

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NCGBT-3: The Quandary of Gender Equality and Gender Roles.

Ammar A. Pahadwala, School of Law, AURO University

ammar.pahadwala.ballb19@aurouniversity.edu.in

Abstract

A “fair” society seeks to ostensibly annihilate the differences it creates between multifarious sets

of its own dwellers. Historically it is observed that most societies create a dichotomy between

gender equality and gender roles at least in the colonial and to some extent modern era, to end this

aforesaid galimatias, modern feminist movements have often demanded that in order to constitute

a “fair” society, the latter element of the said dichotomy must cease to exist, and to certain extents,

the efforts of the feminist movements across the world have reaped the benefits, be it the Equal

Rights Amendment (ERA) movement in the United States, the fourth wave feminist movements

in India to the United Nations adopting a resolution to end gender prejudice. Such movements and

protests have brought forth immense change in most of the corporate world viz. Wall Street, Hedge

Funds, Multinational corporations as well as multinational corporate banks, however, a concerning

trend emerges when the patterns in which the new financially lucrative industries emerge are

observed, the pattern being that of repetitive gender prejudice, notably, during every emergence of

a financially lucrative industry, the emergence itself decussates with gender barriers. This paper

will scrutinize, analyze and dissect gender prejudice in the technology industry as well as try to

explore the same from the lens of tenants of the term “gender”. I am also compelled to explore the

financial as well as the social independence of less privileged genders. Furthermore, I will explore

the role of legal philosophy, constitutionalism and Judicial activism in eliminating gender

prejudice in popular culture and technology.

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NCGBT-4: Analysis of Gender Based Discrimination in Decision Making Algorithms and

its Impact

Swati Kamath, Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai University

swatikamath20599@gmail.com

Taaha Kazi, Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai University

taahakazi@gmail.com

Abstract

Decision making in an organization tends to follow a common pattern: facts and data that will

inform the decision are collated. Using this dataset, courses of action are manually formulated and

subsequently evaluated according to certain criteria, and the best alternative is chosen and acted

upon. Machine learning models and algorithms can automate parts of this sequence; they offer the

prospect of faster, better-informed decisions at substantially lower costs. Therefore, the role of

algorithms is rapidly expanding as governments, businesses and public bodies seek to improve the

efficiency of their decision-making processes. However, in spite of their perceived neutrality,

machine learning models are trained on large datasets, and will conceivably replicate the biases

that are ingrained in these datasets. It is important to recognize and correct potential prejudices in

machine learning as we turn to machines to communicate using natural language, as in online text

searches, image categorization and automatic translations. In this paper, we seek to understand

how gender bias can arise in these models and their outputs. To give a background, we explore the

nature of societal bias, focusing specifically on gender-based discrimination, and why this is

detrimental to various stakeholders. We then explain the working of relevant techniques, primarily

in Natural Language Processing and Data Science, and assess how gender bias comes into play in

these. Lastly, we inspect domains such as hiring and healthcare, for which decision-making

algorithms are being used, and how and why gender bias is objectionable in these contexts, and

review some solutions to mitigate or nullify this effect.

Keywords: Natural Language Processing, Decision Making Algorithms, Gender Based

Discrimination

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NCGBT-5: Use of FOSS in Teaching-Learning Process to Improve Problem Solving Ability

Sunita M Dol, Computer Science and Engineering Department, Walchand Institute of

Technology, Solapur, India

sunita_aher@yahoo.com

Abstract

Free and open-source software (FOSS) is computer software that improves the quality of teaching

and learning and creates innovative teaching and learning environment. Students, faculty & others

can use FOSS to improve the fundamental knowledge of the course.

Compiler Design is one of the core courses of Computer Science and Engineering. Syntax

Analyzer or Parser is important phase in designing the compiler. So, while designing this phase of

the compiler, students must have thorough knowledge about the types of parser such as LL (1),

SLR, Canonical LR and LALR. In the parser phase, the parsing table is built for given Context

Free Grammar (CFG). While implementing this parsing phase in laboratory session, two Free

Open-Source Software (FOSS) - JFLAP and Parsing Emulator, are considered to explain the types

of parser and building the parsing table for the CFG using these parser types.

In current study, use of FOSS such as JFLAP and Parsing Emulator is considered for teaching

parser types to improve problem solving ability. The Learning Objectives (LOs) of this study are:

To build the parsing table for given CFG using LL (1) and SLR parser (LO1) and to parse the

given string using LL (1) and SLR parser (LO2). The research question for this study is – whether

the use of FOSS improves the problem-solving ability of the students?

Two group post-test method is considered to check the effectiveness of this use of FOSS in learning

the parser types. Also, the students’ perception about this method is also considered. The result

shows that the students’ problem-solving ability of experimental group is improved as compared

to the control group. While conducting the experiment in the group of 30, 15 girl students and 15

boy students were considered.

Keywords - FOSS (Free Open-Source Software) JFLAP, Parsing Emulator, Bloom’s Taxonomy, Post-test, t-Test.

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NCGBT-6: Women Can Handle: Spoon, Hair and Laptop Also

Dixit Rashmi K, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science

Walchand Institute of Technology

rkdixit@witsolapur.org

Abstract

“Techno-savvy” word is in everyone’s dictionary from kids to adult to old age people either gents

or ladies. More than gents, ladies are in line with day-to-day technological modern gadgets from

setting washing machine to giving instruction to Alexa. Lots of global community of women

arranged program for assimilation and dissemination of technical knowledge.

In the previous years, girls and young women are not so much interested in graduation in

engineering. Engineering is where the boys are, but it is not a cup of tea for girls. But, introduction

of software engineering changes this equation. As it is a soft branch, parents also show activeness

for taking admission for their girl child after 12th standard. After globalization, technology is

everywhere from banking to airlines to household application to mobile app. It also generates hike

in placement with good package.

This paper presents different activities like culture, technical and shows how placements are

headed by girls with leaderships for computer Science & Engineering department of Walchand

Institute of Technology, Solapur which strongly appeal to girls to enter into the technology world

without gender bias.

Keywords: software engineering, placements, leaders

NCGBT-7 Selling Misogyny: A Study of Gender Bias in Advertisements

Ms. Fiona Dias, Assistant Professor (CES), Faculty of Law,

The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda

fiona.dias0law@msubaroda.ac.in

Abstract

Every time we switch on a television set or a radio channel, read a newspaper or browse through

our social media page we come across a barrage of advertisements. These advertisements come

from companies trying to sell us products which they claim to be our immediate requirement.

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Advertisements are so efficient at selling products that most of our media space is taken over by

them. The more we rely on media for access to basic information the more we are exposed the

world of advertisements. While some of us are irritated by them, others choose to ignore them

completely. In both cases, we dismiss advertisements as a waste of time with very little value. But

are advertisements truly something to be dismissed off so easily? These advertisements which are

played out in front of us day after day, hour after hour, are more than often used to perpetuate

outdated norms and stereotypes. Advertisements have been called out for their sexism and gender

biased content. Recently, United Kingdom banned advertisements which showed gender

stereotypes, thereby exposing the advertisement industry for being an instrument which promotes

and reinforces biased gender roles and misconceptions through its content. Through this paper, I

seek to explore the extent of gender bias and sexism in advertisements. This will paper will explore

the way gender stereotypes are commodified and promoted to sell a product. This paper also seeks

to present a solution to limit sexism and gender bias in advertisements.

Keywords: Gender Bias, Sexism, Advertisements

NCGBT-8: Impact of Technological Era on Mental Health of Men and Women

Ms. Anagha Shastri, Head of College Women's Development Cell,

anagha.dbit@dbclmumbai.org

Ms. Dipti Jadhav, Head CWDC

Ms. Aparna Telgote, Member-CWDC

Ms. Devayani, Member-CWDC

Abstract

Use of technology has become the most important part of today’s modern culture, some of the

technologies have made positive changes in the world and advancement in the technologies are

making our life better and easier day by day. However, there are many evidences for negative

impact of these technology because of its overuse, which have made several physical and mental

imbalances in human life.

Technologies have improved quality of lifestyle yet social media and mobile technology is leading

to physical and psychological issues in men as well as in women like eye strain, poor posture, lack

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of concentration and many more. Technology overuse can be seen contributing to more serious

health conditions such as isolation, depression, and anxiety et cetera. The ease and speed of

technology also lead people to become more readily frustrated or bored when things do not go as

planned, and can trigger in less empathic interactions. People are making use of technology to

communicate with others and so there has been a significant decline in physical meetings. The

reduced number of average family dinners and friendly visits is causing lack of social interaction.

Exposure to media and technology has been desensitizing people to feel pain of others as people

are constantly bombarded with reports of violence, war, terrorism, and so on.

A study is carried out to know the impact of technology on the lives of men and women. Based

on that the paper gives the insights of the effects of the technology on mental health of men and

women.

Keywords: Mental imbalance, Social interaction

NCGBT-9: Lived Experiences of Gender Biases and Perceived Mental Health Challenges

in Female Air Force Officers

Kruttika Agasty, Project Assistant, IIT Bombay,

kruttika.agasty@gmail.com

Dr. Anuradha Sovani, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai

Abstract

The present study sought to explore the lived experiences of Female Air Force Officers revolving

around gender biases and perceived mental health challenges. This study was done with the help

of existing literature to get a holistic view of the journey of the Women in uniform. The study

looked into the experiences prior to selection in the defence, experiences during training, transition

in personal lives, obstacles faced on field and mental health issues dealt with throughout the

process. The study used qualitative exploratory research design and five in-depth interviews were

conducted with the Lady Officers currently working on field operations. Thematic analysis was

used to understand the sources of these biases, gender stereotypes and gender norms. It was found

that the general perception of society, experience of biases within the system, nature of comparison

and competition among men and women, biological and psychological factors had an impact on

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these Officers. The spectrum of mental health challenges that these Officers faced ranged from

different situational and personal factors. It was found that the Lady Officers experienced this bias

during training and on field. The study looks to better understand the context of gender and

personal factors in military lives of women officers. The perspective of ecological framework

given by Bronfenbrenner was used to provide a framework to the study. Lastly, the implications

of the study were discussed.

Keywords: Gender bias, military, mental health

NCGBT-10: Motherhood Vis-A-Via Technology: Reproductive Choice Reconsidered

Ms. Aditi Singh, PhD Scholar, University School of Law and Legal Studies

Guru Govind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi

adv.aditi.singh@gmail.com

Abstract

Reproduction is the most essential means of subsistence for any species, more so for human beings.

The social constructs of family, community, society, mortality creates a much stronger biological

desire for genetic procreation. However, some people may not be able to have children through

natural means causing a concern of infertility. It affects women more than men, primarily because

femininity of a women is often associated with her ability to reproduce. Although the remarkable

developments in the field of science and technology have aided to the rescue of childless people,

the practical application of reproductive technologies have raised a plethora of social, legal and

ethical concerns, the same shall be discussed in this paper.

There is an urgent need to address these issues in detail before commercializing these reproductive

techniques. The researcher through this paper tries to draw an interrelationship between producing

children by means other than biological with the aid and assistance of technology. The researcher

will discuss how modern reproductive technologies can be biased and occasionally detrimental to

the interest of women, sometimes even taking away the agency of a mother. Wherein, a woman is

left with no choice but to succumb to the laws and technology made by men, taking away autonomy

relating to her body, mind, and biological choices.

Keywords: Reproductive autonomy, technological misuse, genomics

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NCGBT-11: A Paradigm Shift in Period Management through Deployment of Technology

Dr. Prasanna Nambiar, Principal and Professor of Mechanical Engineering,

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

prasannanambiar@hotmail.com

Sanjana Nandanvar, Student of Dept. of Mechanical Engineering,

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

sanjananandanvar@gmail.com

Amol Nagpure, Student of Dept. of Mechanical Engineering,

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

amolnagpure22@gmail.com

Priti Warang, Student of Dept. of Mechanical Engineering,

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

pritiwarang77@gmail.com

Pratibha Sharma, Student of Dept. of Mechanical Engineering,

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

peranasharma@gmail.com, Mo: +91-9082919250

Abstract

Menstrual health, hygiene, and practices still face many socio-cultural restrictions which create

problems for menstrual hygiene management. This problem that has existed since time

immemorial is yet to be fully addressed. We live in a patriarchal society where menstrual health

and female hygiene are considered unspoken taboo topics. Sexual health education and open

discussion about this topic are not promoted in homes and schools. Not surprisingly, the use of

technology has been primarily to push products into the market rather than address the important

issues on hand.

Despite the fact that menstruation affects close to half of the world’s population the following gaps

exist:

1. Lack of sensitivity in addressing the issue of menstruation and its fears and myths in

different forums

2. Lack of information about menstrual products, their ingredients, and composition deprives

women of choices in decision making

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3. Lack of transparency on the effects of prolonged use of products on women’s reproductive

health

4. No onus on the manufacturer to invest in technologies for safe disposal. The onus is

transferred to the user to make these choices

5. Most technologies for disposal lead to pollution and are unsustainable

6. The acute discomfort experienced by women during menstruation is played down and little

is done to provide support for pain management and other mental and physical sufferings.

This paper discusses the deployment of technologies like AI (artificial intelligence) to address

some of the above issues. The paper also explores ideas to transfer the onus of period management

from women to the community in general.

Keywords: Menstruation, technology, period management, artificial intelligence, community

NCGBT-12: Breaking the Glass Ceiling - A New Way

Ms. Poonam Chakraborty, Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Communications,

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

poonamchakraborty.pc@gmail.com

Namita Agarwal, Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Communications,

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

namita.dbit@dbclmumbai.org

Madhavi Pednekar, Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Communications,

Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

madhavi.dbit@dbclmumbai.org

Abstract

The glass ceiling is most often associated with women at work. It is a metaphor for the invisible

barrier that prevents some people from rising not as a result of a lack of skills and experience but

due to the gender bias which exists even today. This subtle form of discrimination plays a key role

in hampering the progress of a woman in many aspects. This paper highlights the phrase,

“Breaking the glass ceiling” by putting forth the challenges and barriers the women face and how

the society can work together to combat such barriers.

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Glass ceiling is related to the workforce privileges and opportunities at the higher-level that proves

to be impenetrable mostly to the women in our society. Glass ceiling exists and becomes a barrier

in many ways especially if a woman works in a more inclusive and diverse environment.

The paper discusses about how a woman is prevented from achieving elevated professional success

in a hierarchical impediment. Many challenges are faced by a woman when their careers stagnate

at middle management roles, how they are prevented from achieving higher leadership and

executive roles. Many challenges are faced by pregnant women, working mothers and also the

women of childbearing age. Existing family mentality and certain stereotype rules related to a

women’s role in family like needing to take time off after birth of their children and for childcare

after giving birth places women at a disadvantage in their careers compared to men. Also, there is

a distinct pay discrepancy between men and women of similar roles and experiences.

The paper aims to highlight new ways to combat such barriers like engaging the related people in

conversations, conduct blind screenings, implement regular bias and stereotype trainings, support

sexual harassment survivors, set diversity hiring, setting up anti-discrimination and sexual

harassment cell in the organization et cetera. Family can play a vital role in removing the gender

bias right from the beginning by providing same privileges and opportunities to every child

irrespective of their gender.

Keywords: Glass ceiling, blind screening, diversity hiring

NCGBT-13: The Advent of Women: An Analysis of Gender Bias & Inequality in STEAM

Literary Narratives

Ashwini Kotrashetti, Associate Professor, Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

ashwini.dbit@dbclmumbai.org

Ms. Freda Carvalho, Assistant Professor, Don Bosco Institute of Technology, Mumbai

freda.dbit@dbclmumbai.org

Rhea Kotrashetti, Student, Sophia College for Women, Mumbai

rheekotra@gmail.com

Abstract The inherent nature of gender bias, is often perceived as just the preferential treatment of men over

women. With women emerging into fields of research, development and scholarly aptitude, it is

of utmost importance to acknowledge and systematically work towards waging the hegemonic gap

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between the genders. Over the decades, India has witnessed a remarkable increase in women

researchers in Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics (STEAM). It is however,

important to recognize their existence in the fields through ages and the path breaking efforts of

women visionaries that have contributed to this advent. This paper analyses and navigates through

the nuances of this gap between the genders, the lack of research recognition and the publication

of their manuscripts. Through a feminist lens, it explores the realm of gender bias in the field of

research, against the background of the Indian society and it’s evolving sociocultural contexts. The

paper understands and acknowledges the multifaceted task that is research, its innumerable

perspectives and the contribution of women in these fields.

Keywords: Gender Gap, Research

NCGBT-14: Impact of Technology Era on Mental Health of Men and Women

Anant R Christian

anantchristian@hotmail.com

Abstract: A mixed method research examines the impact of the technology era on the mental health of men

and women. People are more connected than ever, thanks to rapid advancement in technology.

While some forms of technology may have made positive changes in the world, there is evidence

of negative effects of technology overuse as well. Addiction, in any context, is typically associated

with negative outcomes. It has been linked to depression, low self-esteem, and loneliness –

symptoms that often lead to diagnosable mental illnesses and worsening issues.

At this time of social distancing and isolation, social media can be an invaluable tool for keeping

you in touch with friends, loved ones, and the wider world. Ironically for a technology that’s

designed to bring people closer together, spending too much time engaging with social media can

actually make you feel lonely and isolated. This could exacerbate mental health problems such as

anxiety and depression. Many occupations today require at least a fundamental grasp of

technologies like computers. Their use may be responsible for an increased rate of depression in

the population, especially those who are not trained about how to use them for many hours a day.

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This study is important because mental health problems are one of the main causes of global and

societal burden and are a growing public health concern. The data for this study would be collected

by structured questions through Google form. The sample of the research comprises 20 men and

20 women.

NCGBT-15: Gender Bias: Perceptions Regarding Technological Expertise And Legal

Provisions With Special Reference To Third gender

Prashant Dubey (PhD Student), Faculty of Law

The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda

hidpmsa@gmail.com

Abstract: The 21st century across the globe is the era of technological advancements and evolutions have

been considerably human. This technological progression has been achieved by cumulative efforts

by both men and women’s technological expertise, intelligence, perceptions and performance. In

this paper, we have discussed about the gender bias in a broader sense, not limiting the same to

men & women but taking the transgender or third-gender community in account. The gender bias

in the field of technology and the perceptions regarding technological expertise are checked with

legal safeguards provisions in India. The purpose of this paper is to review the gender bias in the

21st century in India with special reference to the transgender or third-gender community, the

technical expertise, challenges and implications derived. Determining the legal provisions and

suggesting gender-equality in opportunities and prospects regarding technological expertise for

the betterment of transgender or third-gender community.

Key Words: gender-bias, third-gender, transgender, technological expertise, gender-equality

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Support Team

Cultural Team Technical & Marketing

Team

Logistics & Hospitality

Dr. Papri Das Gupta Dr. Anshu Agarwal Ms. Jennifer Misrty

Mr. Abhijit Pariyal Ms. Dolly Awati Ms. Juhikadevi Bhanjdeo

Ms. Shruti Jain Mr. Akhilesh Latoria Dr. Vrushti Patel

Ms. Indrani Sengupta Dr. Subhendu Chakraborty Ms. Megh Goswami

Ms. Karishma Kumar Dr. Bhanupratap Singh

Certificate Committee Inaugural Committee

Dr. Nikit Deshmukh Dr Monika Suri

Ms. Indrani Sengupta Ms Veena Vaishy

Valedictory Committee

Dr Shilpi Sharma

Mr. Shailendra Singh

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