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Leslie, the AI Docent!

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Hi! I am Leslie, an Artificial Intelligence launched to assist you today in exploring the miracles of language learning with the aid of technology. Les’ get it!

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Our first mission is to understand Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL)

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Hint 1: Computer Assisted Language Learning is the general term for the range of processes and activities that employ computers in the teaching and learning of a new language.

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Hint 2: Three Phases of Call: Structural / Behavioristic CALL (1960s -1970s) Characteristics: A computer is ideal for carrying out repeated drills A computer is used as a tutor 2. Communicative / Cognitive CALL (1980s -1990s) Characteristics: Computers are used to stimulate discussion, writing or critical thinking. The programs avoid telling students that they are wrong and are flexible Computers are used as a tool 3. Integrative / Sociocognitive / Socioconstructive CALL (1990s -present)

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3. Integrative / Sociocognitive / Socioconstructive CALL (1990s -present)   Two types: A) Multimedia CALL (CD-ROMs) Characteristics: They create a more authentic learning environment using different media. It facilitates a principle focus on the content without sacrificing a secondary focus on language form. B) Web-based CALL Characteristics:   i ) Computer-Mediated Communication – It provides authentic synchronous and asynchronous communication channels. CMC can be carried out in several forms; it can be one-to-one, one-to-many, or many-to-one.   ii) The Web – Students can search through millions of files around the world. Students can use the Web to publish their texts or multimedia.

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The roles of computer in language learning and teaching include: As a tutor for language drills or skill practice As a tool for writing, presenting, and researching As a medium of global communication

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Lisa wanted to test her fluency in French, what type of CALL can she use in doing so? The students are given an activity. In the said activity, the objective wanted them to show agency. What call is the most applicable in finishing this task? Rose is practicing her language skills using drills operated by computer. What type of CALL is this? Students are encouraged to generate original utterances rather than manipulate pre-fabricated language. What type of CALL is this? What type of call uses computers in carrying repeated drills? Under this type of CALL, you can take meaningful actions and see the results of your decisions and actions.

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Our second mission is to understand Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL)

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Hint 1: Mobile-assisted Language Learning is an approach to language learning that is assisted or enhanced through the use of handheld mobile devices.

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POWER UP TRIVIA!! The birth of the PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) gave rise to MALL. PDAs were popular in the 1990s and they are the precursors to smartphones. The PDA was a business tool, not designed for teaching and its uses included address book storage, note-entering, cellular phone function and fax sender. A PDA was referred to as a pocket computer or a palmtop.

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Hint 2: Features of Mall include: create and share multimodal texts communicate spontaneously with people anywhere in the world capture language use outside the classroom analyze their own learning production and learning needs construct artefacts and share them with others provide evidence of progress gathered across in a range of settings, in a variety of media.

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The roles of computer in language learning and teaching include: Teacher can be a guide in recommending the most appropriate materials: apps or websites. He/she will not be the one who controls learning activities, giving the students a bit of space for creativity.

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Where is a PDA? HELP ME!

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Our thrid mission is to understand Robot Assisted Language Learning (RALL)

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Hint 1: Robot-assisted language learning (RALL) is defined as the use of robots to teach people language expression or comprehension skills—such as speaking, writing, reading, or listening.

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Trivattery Designing and development of RALL began approximately around 2004, conspicuously in Japan, Taiwan, and Korea.   There are two kinds of instructional robots: Hands-on robots are used to enhance creativity and promote interest in instruction. Educational service robots which are intelligent can create collaborative relationships with children.

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Hint 2: Robots used in RALL can be classified into four groups based on their appearance: Robots are classified as anthropomorphic (A) if they have a human-like torso, arms, legs, and facial features or a realistic human face. Robots are indicated as cartoon-like (C) if they have exaggerated and caricature-like features (e.g., DragonBot ). Robots meant to mimic an animal, partly or completely, are designated as zoomorphic (Z). Mechanomorphic (M) is given as a label for robots that have machine-like qualities, such as the ability to transform into multiple shapes, a more industrial appearance, or the lack of distinct facial features.

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Which is which? HELP ME!

A Survey of Robot-Assisted Language Learning (RALL)

A Survey of Robot-Assisted Language Learning (RALL)

A Survey of Robot-Assisted Language Learning (RALL)

A Survey of Robot-Assisted Language Learning (RALL)

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Our thrid mission is to understand Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT)

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Hint 1: Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) is an approach which offers students opportunities to actively engage in communication in order to achieve a goal or complete a task. TBLT seeks to develop students’ interlanguage through providing a task and then using language to solve it.

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Hint 2: Types of Task-Based Activities Information gap activities are those that involve the transfer of information from one person to another, from one form to another, or from one place to another. Reasoning gap activities are those in which you ask your students to derive some information from that which you give them. Opinion gap activities are those that ask students to convey their own personal preferences, feelings, or ideas about a particular situation.

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Let us digest your learning!!

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Gina is solving a riddle. (Reasoning Gap) 2. Aya and France are having one on one debate about the issue on covid19 vaccine. (Reasoning/Opinion Gap) 3. Teacher Leni grouped her students into pair to simulate a job interview. (Information Gap) 4. The students were asked to fill in some important information in order to complete the story. (Information Gap) 5. The class is asked to listen to a speech from the college president and derive important information to be presented in the class. (Information Gap)

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6. Teacher Ry asked his students to introduce themselves . (Information Gap) 7. The students are asked to write random questions and put it into a fishbowl where they will also be picking a question to answer. (Opinion Gap) 8. The students to write a reflective essay on the importance of language. (Opinion Gap) 9. The students are given a task to research about language anxiety and provide an effective solution or coping mechanisms to it. (Reasoning Gap) 10. Teacher Marry facilitates an activity that allows her students to express their own feelings and experiences. (Opinion Gap)

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Hurray! Good work everyone! You’ve made it! See? Learning is fun and funny. It makes you digest information and digest questions too ( hahahaha ). See you again next time!