Homophones & Homographs

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Homophones & Homographs

pp.59-67

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Homophones are words that have exactly the same sound (pronunciation) but different meanings and (usually) spelling . For example , the following two words have the same sound, but different meanings and spelling: hour our In the next example , the two words have the same sound and spelling, but different meanings: bear (the animal) bear (to carry)

Homophones:

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Usually homophones are in groups of two (our, hour), but very occasionally they can be in groups of three (to, too, two) or even four. If we take our "bear" example, we can add another word to the group“ bare (naked) bear (the animal) bear (to tolerate ) " Our bear cannot bear to be bare at any hour."

Homophones:

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The word homophone is made from two combining forms : homo- (from the Greek word "homos", meaning " same“ - phone ( from the Greek word "phone", meaning "voice" or "sound"

Homophones:

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Put quite simply, a homograph is a group (usually a pair) of words that are spelled the same way, but have different meanings. They may or may not be pronounced the same way, although the difference in pronunciation is often just a shift in the accented syllable.

Homographs:

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There is a whole class of homographs that end in - ate , usually with one being a verb and the other being a noun or an adjective related to it . For example: " Advocate " can be pronounced with a long "a" sound and mean “to speak or write in support of ” " Advocate " can also be pronounced with a short "a" sound and refer to a person who supports or pleads the cause of another.

Homographs:

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accent - stress or emphasis/a manner of speaking or pronunciation influenced by the region in which one lives or grew up agape - wide open/a Greek word meaning “love ” attribute - a characteristic or quality/to think of as belonging to or originating in some person, place or thing axes - the plural of ax or axe/the plural of axis bass - a deep voice or tone/a kind of fish

Common Homographs:

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bat - a piece of sporting equipment used in baseball/a winged animal associated with vampires bow - to bend at the waist/the front of a boat/a pair of tied loops buffet - to hit, punch or slap/a self-serve food bar bustier - an undergarment/more busty compact - small/to make small/a small case for holding makeup

Common Homographs:

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compound - to mix or combine/an enclosed area with a building or group of buildings inside content - happy or satisfied/all that is contained inside something contract - an agreement/to get, acquire or incur coordinates - brings into proper place or order/a set of numbers used to calculate position desert - a hot, arid region/to leave

Common Homographs:

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digest - a condensed version of some information/to change food in the stomach into a form that can be absorbed by the body discount - a reduction in price/to underestimate the significance of or give no credence to does - female deer (plural)/present, third person singular form of the verb “do ” down - in a lower position/soft, furry feathers entrance - the place of entry/to bewitch, delight or enrapture

Common Homographs:

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evening - late afternoon/making more even fine - very good/sharp or keen/delicate or subtle/a sum of money paid to settle a matter frequent - occurring regularly/to visit a place with regularity incense - a substance that produces a pleasant odor when burned/to infuriate or make very angry

Common Homographs:

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lead - to go first with followers behind/a type of metal minute - 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour/extremely small moped - acted sad or gloomy/a bicycle with a motor object - a thing you can see or touch/a goal/a noun that receives the action of a verb/to be opposed to

Common Homographs:

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proceeds - advances or continues on/the money or profit gained from some sale or venture produce - to create or make/fresh fruits and vegetables project - a plan or proposal/to throw or hurl forward/to cause a shadow or image to fall upon a surface putting - the present participle of put/the present participle of putt

Common Homographs:

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number - a numeral/to count/more numb refuse - waste or garbage/to reject or decline to accept row - a fight/to propel a boat forward using oars/a line second - 1/60th of a minute/after the first

Common Homographs:

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subject - under some authority or control/to bring under authority or control/to make liable or vulnerable/a topic/the noun in a sentence about which something is said in the predicate tear - to rip/a drop of water from the eye wind - to turn/moving air wound - turned/an injury

Common Homographs:

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Each sentence contains two homographs. The definition or a synonym of one of the homographs follows the sentence. Underline the homograph that matches the synonym . 1. Tracey didn’t feel well (A) after falling into the well (B) . in good health 1. Tracey didn’t feel well (A) after falling into the well (B) . in good health

Homographs Exercises:

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2. Jim hunts, but he does (A) not shoot does (B) . female deer 2. Jim hunts, but he does (A) not shoot does (B) . female deer

Homographs Exercises:

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3. There was a big row (A) in the first row (B) of the theater. fight 3. There was a big row (A) in the first row (B) of the theater. fight

Homographs Exercises:

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4. Let’s wind (A) up the kite string before the wind (B) gets too wild. moving air 4. Let’s wind (A) up the kite string before the wind (B) gets too wild. moving air

Homographs Exercises:

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5. If the judges are fair (A) , our rabbit will win a ribbon at the fair (B) . just 5. If the judges are fair (A) , our rabbit will win a ribbon at the fair (B) . just

Homographs Exercises:

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6. That creaking sound (A) makes me wonder if this building is sound (B) . in good condition 6. That creaking sound (A) makes me wonder if this building is sound (B) . in good condition

Homographs Exercises:

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7. The oil well is yours and the gold mine (A) is mine (B) . belonging to me 7. The oil well is yours and the gold mine (A) is mine (B) . belonging to me

Homographs Exercises:

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8. The dove (A) dove (B) to the ground to eat the peanut. Dived 8. The dove (A) dove (B) to the ground to eat the peanut. Dived

Homographs Exercises:

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9. I won’t shed a tear (A) if you tear (B) my shirt into shreds. Rip 9. I won’t shed a tear (A) if you tear (B) my shirt into shreds. Rip

Homographs Exercises: