Sub-theme 67 Spaces, Places, and Institutions Institutional change and maintenance in stigmatised and deprived places: A case study of Jaywick seaside town
Martin Mugari, Alison Hirst, Elisa Alt
Purposive action and intentionality have seemingly been considered as the key drivers for institutional change (Lounsbury & Crumley, 2007). Places can significantly affect people’s emotions and identities, the two main ingredients that stir up human action ( Ashforth & Mael , 1989). Efforts aimed at poverty alleviation may lead to the creation of new or provisional institutions (Lawrence, Suddaby, & Leca , 2009). In this paper, we investigate the use of institutional work to tackle deprivation and stigma in excluded communities facing extreme socio-economic challenges Although research has suggestive of possible relationships between place and institutions, these relationships have not been examined in explicit detail in any of the current literature (Lawrence et al., 2013). The impact of stigma on institutions and institutional work has been mostly ignored in empirical research (Hampel & Tracey, 2016).
MOST DEPRIVED PARTS OE THE UR O JAYWICK SANDS O BLACKPOOL O CLIFTONVILLE WEST O WOOD END IN COVENTRY O LOWESTOFT O HULL O BURNLEY O BLACKBURN O MANSFIELD @ GREAT YARMOUTH 10
Map of Jaywick Estate Areas
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Background and research setting
Jaywick is in the north east of Essex and close to Clacton-on-Sea. I nitially a holiday resort -beautiful coastline and sandy beaches After the Second World War, many people's homes were destroyed in the bombings so they moved into their holiday homes permanently. The area still has a high flood risk-35 residents perished in the floods in 1953 Tendring council saying the sea wall can only survive one major flood in the next 50 years. The seaside town was first listed as the most deprived area in England on the Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2010, 2015 and 2019 list.
Background and research setting
STRONG COMMUNITY SPIRIT ******************* Jaywick has a higher rate of unemployment compared to the national average extreme deprivation and stigmatisation challenges Many residents rely of benefit claims Lack of investment and poor infrastructure Elderly and transient population Majority of residents either have no qualifications or have very low levels of qualifications (JCCT, 2016; Coastal Community Alliance, 2010; MHCLG, 2015 , 2019).
DEIDRE JUST POVERTY PORN' • We've been on', sav residents Of Britain's •nost deprived area who clairn they've been stitched up by reality TV shows
The town of Jaywick Sands in Essex was smeared by a US politician who used a shot of the town in a controversial campaign ad Credit : Facebook
CONGRATULATIONS MADAME SPEAKER NANCY PELOSI ONLY YOU CAN STOP THES FROM BECON"NG REALÆTY! Help PresMent Trtnnp Keep on Træk md Tty•iÄ A Vote for Foster is a Vote for a Spe*er PeloS. We cart go back to foreclostms, unenvloyment, md economic recession!
REGENERATION AS JAYWICK SANDS
Purposive action of a number of actors and organisations led by the Jaywick Coastal Community Team(JCCT)-Institutional work Rebranding as JAYWICK SANDS Housing led regeneration Flood defence wall New roads and drainage systems
What forms does institutional work aimed at regeneration take? How does stigma impact on institutional work in deprived places or communities? What role does place play in institutional work?
An Ethnographic case study A total of 22 interviews were conducted –some telephone Field trips A review of the secondary data, ranging from related policy documents, newsletters, news articles, leaflets, websites, videos, archival material, and other related information sources, including photographs of the setting, was conducted Copy of Written speech from founder Mr Christopher Steadman
Regeneration process has been slow and incremental Many actors have come together with ideas to regenerate the place with the formation of JCCT Local council has relaxed their planning policies to accommodate new ideas Regeneration has been mainly housing led-other areas of economic development such as employment creation have seriously lagged behind
Relationships between residents and local authorities have improved Resurfacing of roads have improved accessibility issues A Community Interest Company has been formed New drainage systems have improved the risk of flooding
Jaywick In Pictures
Very little has been done to push back on stigma – or bad press Discord of messages sent out by various resident groups or individuals-difficult to control Local authorities and the JCCT have capitalised on the negative deprivation rankings to draw attention to government agencies and investors to bid for the much need resources for their regeneration projects
WHERE COULD WE MAKE THEORETICAL CONTRIBUTIONS WITH THIS STUDY? ANY IDEAS OR HELP WITH HOW TO CONDUCT A MORE RIGOROUS DATA ANALYSIS PROCESS?