History of Film
In 1 891,Thomas Edison, invented the kinetoscope, a cabinet with a window through which individual viewers could see the illusion of a moving image. In 1895, the Lumière brothers released the Cinématographe, a film projector that also functioned as a camera for audience viewing. In December 1895, in Paris, the Lumières held the world’s first ever commercial film screening, a sequence of about 10 short scenes, including their first film, Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory. In the United States, the Edison Company, improved a projector that they called the Vitascope and held their first film screening in April 1896.
By the close of the 19th century, many filmmakers started using technical innovations to produce magical transformations on screen. Georges Méliès, who was a former magician, invent the “trick film,” and he became the one who transform the cinema into the narrative medium. He began joining the short films together to create stories. His 30-scene film Trip to the Moon (1902) have been the most widely seen production in cinema’s first decade.
Nickelodeons were motion picture theaters, especially popular among the working class of that time, who couldn’t afford live theater. Between 1904 and 1908, around 9,000 nickelodeon appeared in the United States.
Golden Age of Hollywood
By 1915 most of the major film studios had moved to Hollywood. During the Golden Age of Hollywood, these major studios controlled every aspect of the movie industry. After World War II, the studio system declined, that took power away from studios and of the invention of the television.
I n 1927 was marked as the starting of the talking film Technicolor emerged for film around the same time and first appears in the movies The Wizard of Oz and Gone With the Wind. People would continue to make films in black and white until the late 1950s.
During the 1960s and 1970s, there was a rise in films. The 1970s and 1980s saw the rise of the blockbuster, with films like Jaws, Star Wars, Raiders of the Lost Ark, and The Godfather.
VCR (a videocassette recorder)
The adoption of the VCR by most households in the 1980s reduced audiences at movie theaters but people started watching from home. Improvements in computer animation led to more special effects in film during the 1990s with movies like The Matrix, Jurassic Park, and the first fully computer-animated film, Toy Story.