Health Promotion In elderly

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#1. Health Promotion In elderly. . .

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Tanta university. 1. 2. 3. Prepared by:. Ahmed Abu El-Nasr.

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#2. The University of Texas at El Paso. 4. 5. 6. Leslie Ayala.

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#3. Outline. Introduction. Different definitions of (-Health- Health promotion). The purpose of health promotion. Principles of health promotion. Component of health promotion. Role of the nurse in health promotion. Role of Rehabilitation in health promotion..

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#4. Introduction. The elderly population has grown proportionally faster in Egypt and the United States. As the population ages, they have limited regenerative abilities and are more prone to disease, syndromes, and sickness than younger adults. The changes associated with old age comprise both physical changes and mental changes, often interactive..

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- Health: A state of complete Physical and mental, and social well-being and not merely absence of disease or infirmity. - Health promotion : It is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions..

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- The purpose of health promotion To positively enhance the health behavior of individuals and communities. To improves the health status of individuals, families, communities and the nation. To enhances the quality of life for all people. To reduces premature deaths. To reduce the costs (both financial and human)..

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Principles of health promotion: To develop good practice in health promotion, the nurse should : Incorporate health promotion as an integral part of nursing practice in different health care settings. Facilitate and empower individuals, families and communities Work in partnership with other disciplines in promoting the health of the community..

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4- Evaluate the outcome of health promotion activities. 5- Participate in the development of evidence-based practice in health promotion. 6- Advocate for the individual, families and communities for promoting the health of the population at large..

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Component of health promotion: 1. Exercise. 2. Nutrition. 3. Rest and sleep. 4. Periodic medical check up. 5. High risk behavior. 6. Spiritual well-being..

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Component of health promotion. 1- Exercise: -Benefits of exercise: Consumption of body fat. Control hypertension& blood sugar. Improve respiratory function. Improve joint flexibility. Improve mood state. Improve self-image. Improve social interaction & relation with other..

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Role of the nurse during exercise Assessment done at the beginning of exercise program such as : History & physical examination ( resp , musculoskeletal & neurological system). 2. Set a regular time to exercise each day..

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-Before starting exercise the nurse should advice the elderly about: Document baseline resting function status ( ht & resp rate, bl.sugar ). 10 minutes warms up stretching exercise. Drink water before and after exercise is important as water will be lost during exercise. Clothes worn during exercise should allow for easy movement..

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-During exercise: Monitor heart & resp. rate. Stop exercise if elderly has fatigue , chest pain or ↑heart & resp. rate. - After exercise: 10 minutes cooling up at end of exercise Monitor pulse rate during cooling for returning to resting ht. rate.

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Component of health promotion. 2- Nutrition It is neglected especially those living alone or with low income. Factors affecting nutritional status: Age related changes. Psychosocial factors. Economic factors..

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Suggestion for improving elderly nutrition: Nurses should provide nutritional education to elderly containing the following points: Eat a variety of food. Maintain a desirable weight. Decrease both the sugar and salt in diet. Choose diet low in fat, saturated fat and cholesterol..

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5- For poor appetite take 4-5 small snacks spread throughout out the day, rather than 3 major meals at regular times. 6- Drink adequate amount of fluids (about 8 cups of water). This is particularly important in hot climates or with diarrhea! Also to avoid dehydration. 7- Fried or very spicy food should be avoided. Red meat, eggs and animal fat should be reduced. Replace them by fish, white meat, milk and milk Products..

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3-Rest & sleep: N.B. Elderly need 5-7 hrs at night. Nursing measures adopted to promote sleep: Engage in exercise program. Avoid exercise within 3-4 hr. of bedtime..

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3. Spend time out door in the sunlight each day but avoid period between 12 Md to 3 PM sunshine exposure. 4. Engage in relaxing activities near bedtime. 5. Avoid tobacco at bedtime. 6. Avoid drink any caffeinated beverages before mid afternoon. 7. Limit fluid intake after the dinner hour if nocturia is a problem. 8. Avoid using the bed for watching TV, writing bills, and reading..

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4-Periodic medical check up: -Types of health screening:.

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Component of health promotion. - Immunizations:. Vaccination Period Influenza (over 65y) Annually (mid October to mid November Tetanus & diphtheria Every 10 years Pneumococcal vaccination Once at age 65y, revaccination for high risk fatal pneumonia/6 y.

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Component of health promotion. 5-High risk behavior It is behavior that damage physical health. It includes: Over the counter medication (multiple medications ). Smoking. Caffeine. multiple medications: The most common over the counter medication: Analgesics, laxatives. Smoking. Cessation of smoking improves cerebral blood flow& ↑ pulmonary function. Caffeine..

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Component of health promotion. 6-Spiritual well-being Spiritual well-being: Is the practice and philosophy of the integral aspects of mental, emotional and overall wellbeing..

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Component of health promotion. - Measures to increase Spiritual well being: Identify ways that believes give meaning to life. Use problem solving to solve any conflict related to spirituality. Presence of religious literatures in the immediate. environment such as Quran on beside table. Reading in religious books & praying..

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Role of the nurse in health promotion.

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Role of the nurse in health promotion. - Role of the nurse in health promotion Assessment to his physical health, Psychosocial Well- being, lifestyle pattern, hobbies, high risk behaviors, knowledge, believes& attitudes that affect health & wellbeing. Assess health needs Assess social , environmental & cultural influences on health behaviors.

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[Audio] Lifestyle modifications is a comprehensive approach for effective change in heath promotion behaviors Nurse role should directed toward helping elderly to cope with his function level ------delay disabilities & impairments. Nurse identify environmental hazards & make necessary modifications.

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7. Identify social needs & encourage participation & social support groups. 8. Nurse should inform elderly & caregivers about aging process, common disorders & disabilities , different services available 9. Encourage elderly to take better care to them, avoid high risk behaviors,& hazards affecting their health. 10. Regular and continuous evaluation is important aspect of nurse’s role.

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28. Overall Role of Rehabilitation in Health Promotion Among Elderly Population.

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29. The role of an occupational therapist is help an individual regain their independence by practicing activities of daily living Occupational therapists can work with patients across a wide range of ages in multiple settings such as a clinics, hospitals, and schools.

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30. Occupational therapists can promote health among the elderly population by helping them with activities that are important to them such as: Cooking healthy meals Independently dressing themselves Engaging in activities to relieve stress.

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31. Physical Therapy. The role of Physical Therapy for health promotion in the elderly include: increasing overall mobility strengthen weak muscles improve balance and posture reduce the risk of fall decrease pain from chronic conditions lower risk of injury.

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32. Physical Therapy. Physical Therapy can be used to promote health in the elderly populations by having the elderly populations participate in different programs that promote fitness and exercise activities. These specialized programs can help to restore mobility, increase fitness levels, and reduce overall pain. These fitness promotion programs aim to help the elderly population with conditions such as arthritis, osteoporosis, joint replacement, and balance disorders..

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Dax 1. Role of a Speech-Language Pathologist in Health Promotion.

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Dax 2. Role of a Speech-Language Pathologist in Health Promotion.

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Dax 3. Role of a Speech-Language Pathologist in Health Promotion.

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References.

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References. Lohman PH, Sankaranarayanan K, Ashby J. Choosing the limits to life. Nature. 1992;357:185-186. Day J. Population projections of the United States, by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin: 1993 to 2050. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Populations Reports 1995; P-2.5-1104. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office; 1995. Bell F, Wade A, Goss S. Life tables for the United States Social Security Area, 1900-2080. SSA Publication 11-11536. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Social Security Administration; 1992..

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References. Saltzstein S, Behling C, Baergen R. Features of cancer in nonagenarians and centenarians. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998;46:994-998. Skelton D, McLaughlin A. Maintaining functional ability in old age. Physiotherapy. 1996;82:11-20. Goldberg T, Chavin S. Preventive medicine and screening in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997;45:341-354. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (n.d.). Who are speech-language pathologists, and what do they do? American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. https:// www.asha.org /public/who-are-speech-language-pathologists/. 4 types of physical therapy for seniors: ASC blog . ASC. (2021, June 22). Retrieved November 19, 2021, from https:// www.asccare.com /4-types-physical-therapy-seniors/..