GARDEN CITY

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DCP10033 FUNDAMENTALS OF TOWN PLANNING

NAMA : NUR SYAZWANI BINTI ERFEN NO PENDAFTARAN : 03DPW20F2014 NAMA PENSYARAH : PN. AZZATUNISA BINTI AHMAD ZUBIR SESI : DISEMBER 2020

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GARDEN CITY

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION ERA

SOCIAL VALUES CHANGES

Socialism Politic Workers parties

SIR EBENEZER HOWARD

29 January 1850-1 May 1928 Was a shop keeper’s assistant, farmer, writer, sociologist and statesman Publication book – Garden Cities of To-morrow (1898)

Garden City development goal

Surroundings natural beautiful Proper housing High-income residents Low tax payments Does not have traffic congestion

GARDEN CITY CHARACTERISTIC

Have open space and agricultural areas surrounding the residential areas and industrial

Has a moderate population density of 30 people per acre

Systematic transportation system

Have their own activities

Adopting the principles of zoning

abstract

Own civic life and adequate facilities

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Concept of Garden City

Planning involves of an area of 66,000 with 250,000 population

Proposed a satellite town on the outskirts of central cities for urban limit

There is a network of roads, railways and canals linking the central cities and satellite towns

Proposed Garden City covering 6,000 acres with capacity for 32,000 residents

CHTHE CONCEPT OF THREE MAGNET ARACTERISTICS IN THE TREE AREAS IN

Town

Closing out of nature Places of amusement High money wages High rents & prices Costly drainage Foul air Slums

Country

Beauty of nature Land lying idle Hands out of work Low rents Lack of drainage Fresh air Deserted villages

Town - Country

Beauty of nature Park of easy access Field for enterprise Low rents Good drainage Pure air Bright home & garden

THE THREE HAGNETS. •LD. or LAcx TOWN-COUNTRY. YER. NO GO

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GARDEN CITY FUNCTION

Ebenezer Howard proposes how Garden Cities would function with diagrams.

Central City is shown with a constellation of satellite micro-cities .

Garden Cities at their heart have a central garden, with rings of dwellings, shops, roads, industry, fields and farms.

Suggests that the optimal number of 30,000 people and the city center is planned to consist of four basic principles

Limitation of population and area Economic opportunities and independence Economic opportunities and independence

GARDEN CITY COMPONENT

A DIAGRAM ONLY. PIAN NUST DEPEND UPON SITE SELECTED. DAIRY Fig. 3. Ebenezer Howard, Garden-City. Grand Avenue, 1902, in Garden Cities of To-morrow.

DIACRAM t VCR NCAA CouNtny COUNTRY COUNTRY

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Implementation of garden city

By 1950 the cities had a combined population of over 40,000

Some key points regarding the study of Garden Cities are : Standardization Communications, ownership and cooperative leasing Public freedom Choice of enterprise

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