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DEVANDRAN P105786 EVELYN RITA P105070 EMILY JOHN P105790 SARASWATHY P105096 DR HAMIDAH BT YAMAT (UKM) DINESIRIY P105789 It’s All About the Semai Community GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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We would like to take this opportunity to thank Prof.Dr.Hamidah for her guidance and support throughout the duration of this course. We are truly grateful for her patience and understanding in helping us to complete this course to the best of our abilities. GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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Table of Content GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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Introduction of Multilingual & Multicultural (MLMC) and Overview of Indigenous Community.

Multilingualism - the ability of an individual or individuals to have a conversation using three or more languages (Nur Fadhila et al., 2020) Multilingualism - individuals or societies where the leaners are considered multilingual as they are able to converse in other languages due to the interaction with speakers from various ethnic groups in the community ( Mokibelo , 2015) Multiculturalism - the way a community deals with cultural differences while affirming a sense of respect towards other cultures and maintaining their own personal cultures (Nur Fadhila et al., 2020) Multiculturalism - the way in which a specific community or group handles cultural differences and exist in unity ( Samsudin , et al. 2020).

EMILY JOHN IS REPORTING for MLMC & Overview of Indigenous Community.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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3 majority races in Malaysia – Malays, Chinese, Indians. Orang Asli is the native in Penisular Malaysia – Negrito, Senoi & Proto-Malay group. Sabah has 32 ethnic groups – Kadazandusun as the main ethnic group Sarawak comprises 27 ethnic groups - Iban - the majority ethnic group.

EMILY JOHN IS REPORTING for MLMC & Overview of Indigenous Community.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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Malaysia - home to many languages – Bahasa Melayu , English, Chinese, Tami, and indigenous languages such as Semai , Iban and Kadazan Multilingualism and multiculturalism influence the way an individual learns a language and plays an essential part in the growth of a nation. The issue of national integration in view of the language policy implemented and the need to sustain a multicultural nation to create a national identity (Hazri & Santhiram , 2012). Abdullah & Ghaffar (2010), multiculturalism in Malaysia is intended to maintain national integration where different societies can exist together and still retain their own individualities.

EMILY JOHN IS REPORTING for MLMC & Overview of Indigenous Community.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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EMILY JOHN IS REPORTING for MLMC & Overview of Indigenous Community.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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One specific group which is affected by multilingualism and multiculturalism is the Semai ethnic group . Semai people found in Peninsular Malaysia are the majority indigenous language society in the region

EMILY JOHN IS REPORTING for MLMC & Overview of Indigenous Community.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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EMILY JOHN IS REPORTING for MLMC & Overview of Indigenous Community.

More then 26,000 Semai people – 3 states in forested parts of the mountain range along Peninsular Malaysia. The Department of Aboriginal Affairs (JHEOA) staff – teach the Orang Asli children in village schools – not qualified teachers. The Ministry of Education – took over the indigenous schools in 1996. The progression of education for the Semai continued with the Central Curriculum Committee implementing the Semai language in selected Orang Asli schools in January 1997.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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Background of the Semai Community before Independence

Small villages Semai people’s population regions Semai women Semai men

SARASWATHY IS REPORTING for Background of the Semai Community before Independence .

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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SARASWATHY REPORTING for Background of the Semai Community before Independence .

Semai people and their language no written Oral knowledge Literate culture documented and evolved Semai language Songs, stories, plays and culture practices

Examples of Semai language which is documented

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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SARASWATHY IS REPORTING for Background of the Semai Community before Independence .

A Semai woman is searching for forest crops . Blowgun Fishing

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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SARASWATHY IS REPORTING for Background of the Semai Community before Independence .

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

SARASWATHY IS REPORTING for Background of the Semai Community before Independence .

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Food sharing culture Sewang Dance Genggulang festival (harvest celebration)

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

SARASWATHY IS REPORTING for Background of the Semai Community before Independence .

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The Semai Community after Independence.

DINESIRIY IS REPORTING on the Semai Community after Independence

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

DINESIRIY IS REPORTING on the Semai Community after Independence

SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGES

Modern farming techniques & agricultural practices community- and social-based micro business enterprises Agencies involved: FAMA, MARDI, LKIM Business support: RM500,00, Program Bantuan Geran 2021 (JAKOA) L everage cultural uniqueness: Handicraft, Forest-based products, Ecotourism & homestay.

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DINESIRIY IS REPORTING on the Semai Community after Independence

Pattern settlements: electricity, clean water supply paved roads, and streetlights. 1. Program Bantuan Rumah (PBR) 2. Program Perumahan Rakyat (PBR) 3. Rural Water Supply programme 4. Rural Electricity Supply programme 1. Community clinics 2. Mobile clinics 3. Visits by medical specialists Covid-19 vaccination through the “Info on Wheels” (IOW) programme.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

Rural Development projects

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A picture containing tree, sky, outdoor, palm Description automatically generated

GEOGRAPHICAL CHANGES

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DINESIRIY IS REPORTING on the Semai Community after Independence

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

LANGUAGE & CULTURAL CHANGES

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DINESIRIY IS REPORTING on the Semai Community after Independence

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

EDUCATIONAL CHANGES

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DINESIRIY IS REPORTING on the Semai Community after Independence

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

Preserving the language and culture

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MLMC awareness in the Semai Community.

FINDINGS SURVEY 60 students & 25 teachers 10 Items Questionnaire QUESTIONNAIRE 3 point / 5-point Likert Scale About students and teachers interactions and their prior knowledge of other cultures.

DEVA IS REPORTING for MLMC awareness in the Semai Community.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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PICTURES OF STUDENTS AND TEACHERS TOOK SURVEY

DEVA IS REPORTING for MLMC awareness in the Semai Community.

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GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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DEVA IS REPORTING for MLMC awareness in the Semai Community.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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DEVA IS REPORTING for MLMC awareness in the Semai Community.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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SCHOOL MUSIC FESTIVAL NATIONAL DAY WENT ENGLISH ACTIVITIES SPORTS (RUGBY)

DEVA IS REPORTING for MLMC awareness in the Semai Community.

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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EVELYN RITA IS REPORTING Mai Semai Quantum Leap in MLMC

Mai Semai Quantum Leap in MLMC.

Semai Community / Government

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GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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EVELYN RITA IS REPORTING Mai Semai Quantum Leap in MLMC

Educators

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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EVELYN RITA IS REPORTING Mai Semai Quantum Leap in MLMC

The Semai Achievers

GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

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PROGRAMS/ORGANIZATIONS

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GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

EVELYN RITA IS REPORTING Mai Semai Quantum Leap in MLMC

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VELYN RITA REPORTING Mai Semai Quantum Leap in MLMCRNMENT OR

CONCLUSION

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GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

EVELYN RITA IS REPORTING Mai Semai Quantum Leap in MLMC

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GGGE6223- MULTILINGUAL and MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: It’s All About the Semai Community

Not so fast guys. Grab a cup of your favourite drink and sit back for a short tour!