Effects of climate change In Pakistan and what can I personally do

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[Audio] Hello. I am Isma Irshad From Pakistan. Today I am going to briefly talk about the petrifying impacts of climate change in my country and what can we do.

Effects of climate change In Pakistan and what can I personally do

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[Audio] The first area that is going to get the worst impact is Agriculture. As you can see in the image, production of both crops and livestock are declining putting 100 million people at the risk of food and economic security and we as general public are going to get directly affected by this.

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[Audio] It is evident from the research that the floods and droughts that are being caused are putting the lives of millions of people at the risk of diseases like Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis; Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria , Heat strokes and many more.

Agro-Ecological Zone Other Balochistan Low-Intensity Punjab Cotton/Wheat Sindh Other KPK Cotton/Wheat Punjab Rice/Other Sindh Mixed Punjab Barani (Rain-Fed) Punjab Rice/Wheat Punjab Degree of Exposure High High High Medium low medium medium high medium Vulnerability to climate change Primary Manifestations of Exposure Drought: Increase in temperature Floods: Increase in temperature Floods: Droughts Floods Floods: Droughts Floods: Droughts Increase in temperature Variability in temperature and precipitation Increase in temperature Degree of Sensitivity High High High low medium medium medium Low Low Adaptive Capacity Low Low Medium Low Medium High Medium High High Health repercussions Food insecurity and Malnutrition; Anaemia; Night blindness; Scurvy; Heat Stroke; Malaria: Dengue; Cataract Blindness; Respiratory Diseases; Cardiovascular diseases Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis: Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria: Heat Stroke; Dengue; Cataract Blindness: Respiratory Diseases: Cardiovascular diseases Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis: Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria: Food insecurity and Malnutrition; Anaemia; Night blindness; Scurvy Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis: Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis; Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria; Food insecurity and Malnutrition; Anaemia; Night blindness; Scurvy Diarrhoea and Gastroentritis: Skin Infections; Eye Infection; Acute Respiratory Infections; Malaria: Food insecurity and Malnutrition; Anaemia; Night blindness; Scurvy Heat Stroke; Malaria: Dengue; Cataract Blindness; Respiratory Diseases; Cardiovascular diseases Food insecurity and malnutrition Heat Stroke; Malaria; Dengue; Cataract Blindness; Respiratory Diseases: Cardiovascular diseases

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[Audio] As it is clear from the figure that the carbon dioxide emissions are increasing drastically with every decade. In 2007 it was 140,000 kilo tons which in 2020 has been estimated to be 320,000 kilo tons, which indicates that there has been more than 100 percent increase in the emission. As the four sectors, transportation, residential power plants and industry is responsible for these emissions, the emissions can be controlled if the government will regulate the quality of fuel that is used in transport, switching energy productions from using fossil fuels to renewable resources and putting Carbon taxes and EST on industries.

• transport C02 Per C02 • Resadential C02 3mmo 2somo Isonoo so.ooo Emissions (kølcapåta) • Commercial / Agtkutture C02 • Power plants C02 —S Industry C02 2007 Fig. 1. 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Pakistan's C02 emissions by sector [31].

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[Audio] The two major barriers in taking action for climate changes are Lack of Capital . Economy of Pakistan is unfortunately struggling and unstable. Pakistan has debts of billion dollars to return with limited capacity. A country where it is difficult to spare money to allocate for people well being, it gets difficult to spare budget on climate initiatives. Even though for the last three years, the government of Pakistan has allocated a ministry for climate change and is working to mitigate the effects in its best capacity. 2. Lack of education. A country where the literacy rate is only 60 percent, it becomes difficult to educate people to make smart choices.

Dieases EFFECTS LIFESTYLE CHANGE Lifestyle Change Temperature Rise CAUSES Transportation Drought Industrialization Extreme Weather GREEN HOUSE GASES Urbanization O Waste Agrt/Ltve-StacMFore6try Energy Usage

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[Audio] In my opinion , I can do these things to play my role in prevention of climate change Make smart choices regarding my daily life like eating food with less carbon footprints, buying only needed stuff, always carry a bag while go shopping so that I don't have to but plastic bag every time . Educate and motivate my family to do the same Use one air conditioner rather two, switching all my home lights with LEDs, rather using electricity generators, I will try shifting to solar panels In conclusion, it is affecting all of us and both government and general public are responsible to take actions individually and together.

What Can I Do? – THE NERDY THEOLOGIAN

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[Audio] Here are references that I used to make this presentation. Thank you.

References

https://globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1744-8603-8-31/tables/7 http://www.albiladdailyeng.com/pakistans-farming-sector-faces-serious-threat-from-climate-change/ https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0959652618322613-fx1_lrg.jpg Abas, N.; Kalair , A.; Khan, N.; Kalair , A.R. (2017).  Review of GHG emissions in Pakistan compared to SAARC countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 80(), 990–1016.  doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.04.022

https://globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1744-8603-8-31/tables/7 http://www.albiladdailyeng.com/pakistans-farming-sector-faces-serious-threat-from-climate-change/ https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0959652618322613-fx1_lrg.jpg Abas, N.; Kalair , A.; Khan, N.; Kalair , A.R. (2017).  Review of GHG emissions in Pakistan compared to SAARC countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 80(), 990–1016.  doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.04.022