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Speaking Skills

Sikkim in comparison to art and craft of India By – Simar Narula XI-C

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Art and craft of Delhi and Sikkim

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Delhi

Delhi  is the capital city of India and is regarded as the heart of the nation. The city is popular for its  enriched culture and heritage . The city hosts some famous historical monuments and is developing with the passing of time . The influence of religious diversity can be seen in the city along with the cultural impact of the Mughal, the ancient Indian and the British. There are many beautiful gardens in the city, away from pollution and busy city life that provide opportunities to walk leisurely in the midst of greenery.

Delhi  is the capital city of India and is regarded as the heart of the nation. The city is popular for its  enriched culture and heritage . The city hosts some famous historical monuments and is developing with the passing of time . The influence of religious diversity can be seen in the city along with the cultural impact of the Mughal, the ancient Indian and the British. There are many beautiful gardens in the city, away from pollution and busy city life that provide opportunities to walk leisurely in the midst of greenery.

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Sikkim

Sikkim , state of India is located in the northeastern part of the country . Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state situated in the Himalayas. Sikkim is blessed with some rare and exotic flora and fauna. This makes it one of the leading states in the region in terms of production and supply of cut flowers to mainland consumer markets. This northern east state has a range of snow-capped peaks including the mountain Kanchenjunga , the third highest mountain in the world that attracts a large number of travelers from across the globe. Tourism in this state has become a new profession of the Sikkimese people with its vast natural potential. It is the only state in India with a Nepalese majority. The predominant religions are Buddhism and Hinduism. Gangtok is the capital city of the state. Sikkim offers the amazing experience to its visitors.

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There are a plenty of art and craft forms in Sikkim. The bulk of the people of the state belong to rural areas and they have their old tradition of making several utility objects. One of the most popular handicraft objects of Sikkim includes a choksee table, woolen carpet, canvas wall hanging, thankas delineating painting on various aspects of the state. Also, the

There are a plenty of art and craft forms in Sikkim. The bulk of the people of the state belong to rural areas and they have their old tradition of making several utility objects. One of the most popular handicraft objects of Sikkim includes a choksee table, woolen carpet, canvas wall hanging, thankas painting on various aspects of the state. The state has various handicrafts in the form of cane and bamboo products. Melli , Gangtok , and Namchi are the very popular places of Sikkim for handloom products and cottage industries. The people of Sikkim are pro when it comes to craft making as they have very special skills in the same. The womenfolk of the state are amazing weavers and they attract the tourists by their excellent craft work. The handmade carpets and papers of the state are in huge demand in and outside of Sikkim .

Art and craft of Sikkim

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Paintings of Sikkim The people residing in Sikkim displayed complete dexterity in paintings. 'Thangka' is a beautiful religious scroll which is hand painted and employs bright hues. The patterns are etched on fabric. The themes of Thangka are a portrayal of the life of Lord Buddha and also the lives of the great saints, Buddhist masters and 'Bodhisattvas'. Concepts like ' Mandala s', ' Tashi Taggye ', the 'Wheel of Life', ' Dharmachakra ' and many others have been used in such paintings. Red and yellow are the principal colours that are employed in the paintings and are said to possess a certain symbolic significance. These colours signify the distinction between life and fire, intellectual and emotional, as well as immaterial and material. On the other hand, the colour orange, which is produced by the combination of the colours yellow and red symbolise wisdom and profound knowledge. Blue, violet and green are the other colours utilized in these works of art. The colour blue is said to signify positive energy and green is used to imply the vegetable aspects. ' Lossar ' and 'Saga Dawa ' are the festivals wherein Thangka paintings are carried out.

Paintings of Sikkim The people residing in Sikkim displayed complete dexterity in paintings. 'Thangka' is a beautiful religious scroll which is hand painted and employs bright hues. The patterns are etched on fabric. The themes of Thangka are a portrayal of the life of Lord Buddha and also the lives of the great saints, Buddhist masters and 'Bodhisattvas'. Concepts like ' Mandala s', ' Tashi Taggye ', the 'Wheel of Life', ' Dharmachakra ' and many others have been used in such paintings. Red and yellow are the principal colours that are employed in the paintings and are said to possess a certain symbolic significance. These colours signify the distinction between life and fire, intellectual and emotional, as well as immaterial and material. On the other hand, the colour orange, which is produced by the combination of the colours yellow and red symbolise wisdom and profound knowledge. Blue, violet and green are the other colours utilized in these works of art. The colour blue is said to signify positive energy and green is used to imply the vegetable aspects. ' Lossar ' and 'Saga Dawa ' are the festivals wherein Thangka paintings are carried out.

Thankas are religious scrolls found hanging in monasteries and in Sikkimese homes. They normally depict life sketches of gods and goddesses in different forms. The central figure in a thanka is always a Buddha or any other deity. Thankas in Sikkim have a religious and spiritual significance and is regarded as a sacred object. The colours used in thankas are mineral colours . The gold in the ornaments and detailing is made from real gold dust.

Thanka painting

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Wood carving is an ancient art form of Sikkim. Wood carving is done on a range of products like ' Choktsis '(carved table), bakchok (square table), wooden masks, decorative screens, lucky signs, alters , lamp stands and other decorative items in typical traditional designs like dragons, birds, phoenix etc. The main raw material used in this craft is wood. First of all a piece of wood is cut into a desired shape. After seasoning and papering it smooth, very fine tools are used to carve out the designs. The carved pieces of wood are then assembled together and are ready for a coat or two of either colourful paint or polish.

Wood carving is an ancient art form of Sikkim. Wood carving is done on a range of products like ' Choktsis '(carved table), bakchok (square table), wooden masks, decorative screens, lucky signs, alters, lamp stands and other decorative items in typical traditional designs like dragons, birds, phoenix etc. The main raw material used in this craft is wood. First of all a piece of wood is cut into a desired shape. After seasoning and papering it smooth, very fine tools are used to carve out the designs. The carved pieces of wood are then assembled together and are ready for a coat or two of either colourful paint or polish.

Wood carving

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Sikkimese carpets are hand knotted and woven in fixed vertical looms which are kept standing with the support of a wall. This art requires a high degree of concentration. This craft is taken up mainly by women in Sikkim. Carpet designs are normally of mythical birds, flowers, lucky signs etc. Carpets of different sizes for covering walls,chairs,sofas,beds or diwans are made and marketed through the Sikkim Handloom and Handicrafts Development Corporation.The time taken in making these carpets varies according to the size of the carpets, the designs and the ability of the weavers.

Sikkimese carpets are hand knotted and woven in fixed vertical looms which are kept standing with the support of a wall. This art requires a high degree of concentration. This craft is taken up mainly by women in Sikkim. Carpet designs are normally of mythical birds, flowers, lucky signs etc. Carpets of different sizes for covering walls,chairs,sofas,beds or diwans are made and marketed through the Sikkim Handloom and Handicrafts Development Corporation.The time taken in making these carpets varies according to the size of the carpets, the designs and the ability of the weavers.

Carpet weaving

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Art and culture have a strong influence over Delhi since the period of Mughal reign when art like intricate carvings, architectural designs and paintings were priceless and worth seeing. The Mughals would invite Persian artists to weave their Palace carpets and craft Metal into beautiful shapes and structures . Old Delhi is seen with a collection of masterpiece craftsmanship in the Pahadi Bhoja section with other shops selling fashionable jewellery ,designs owned by the ancient artists who specialised on the skill of ivory crafting but after ivory was banned by the government, these artistes use buffalo and camel bones as alternatives . artistic work on potteries, wooden toys, kite making and polish crafts are still existent in the city’s art and crafts culture. Gold thread embroidery is another popular craftwork called ‘Zari Zardozi ’ mostly seen on Silk and Velvet clothing into which these skilled craftsmen sew complex and intricate designs that adds more value and price to these clothes. Thin silver threads are also used for embroidery work nowadays to add more shine and colour to the clothes.

Art and craft of Delhi