Education in Brunei Darussalam

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Education in Brunei Darussalam

By Chow Wei 19B2087

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What is education?

It comes from the Latin which means to lead The process of achieving knowledge, values, skills and moral habits. It also facilitates quality learning of life among people regardless of age, religion and region.

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Misconception of education

When talking about education, many think of places like school and college. Education is not only what we learn in school or college but everything we learn in life is also education.

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History of Brunei Education

In 1912, the first Malay medium primary school was established In 1916, the first Chinese language school was set up which was followed up by the establishment of the first English primary school in 1931

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History of Brunei Education (World War II)

World War II broke out which Brunei was occupied by the Japanese forces from 1941-1945. However, the Japanese administrators recognized the importance of education more than the British. The Japanese introduced Rumi or Romanized Malay script to Brunei. After the Allied forces liberated Brunei in 1945, the Japanese had already left an important legacy which promoted and raised the awareness of the importance of education.

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History of Brunei Education

After the Japanese Occupation, the Education department was established. The first government English preparatory school was set up in 1952. However, Malay-medium secondary education only began in 1966 with the first establishment of Malay secondary school.

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First National Development Plan (1954-1959)

The foundation for the basic structure of education system in Brunei The education pattern was 6-3-2. In 1959, two education consultants were commissioned from Malaya to conduct a systematic and comprehensive review on the development and progress of education in Brunei.

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After Independence Day ( 1 st January 1984)

Bilingual education policy was implemented in 1985 with education pattern of 7-5-2. This is to replace the old dual-stream system where the Malay-stream graduates were not suited for jobs as most preferred English-knowing candidates.

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Different types of school

Primary - Compulsory to attend for 6 years where student must pass the examination to get the primary certificate of Education to move on to Secondary school Secondary – 5 years of studying for Cambridge O-level examination and can move on when passed. College- 2 years of studying for Cambridge A-level University – years varies as different major will require specific amount of time to graduate.

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History of Religious school

Compulsory for all Muslim student to attend Had been built since 1913 but were neglected by the British administrators in a bid to diminish religious education, Islamic law and Islamic practices. Modern religious school system was established in 1956 First Islamic secondary school was open in 1966 which was followed by the first girls’ Islamic secondary school in the following year.

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History of Religious school

Due to the success of Islamic secondary education in 1989, the Ministry of Islamic Religious Affairs set up Institute to allow students who wish to continue their study. Faculty of Islamic Studies were introduced in Universiti of Brunei Darussalam in 1993 for undergraduate programme . In 2007, Brunei Second University, Universiti Islam Sultan Sharif Ali was established.

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Conclusion

The development of Brunei education system did not progress smoothly at first However, after World War II, the education system progress rapidly due to the influence of Japanese Occupation. Most of the subject taught in school now are mostly English except for Bahasa Melayu , Islamic Religious Knowledge and Melayu Islam Beraja .