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Building Services- Doors AR-01101303

Prof. Aditi Upadhyay , Assistant Professor Faculty of Architecture and planning Co-Creator : Ar.Srishti Vishwakarma , Ar. Riya Rathore

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DOORS

CHAPTER-1

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Types of doors

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Factors to consider

Strength and stability Durability Cost Weather resistance Fire resistance Easy for the maintenance Sound proof ability Thermal comfort Excellent Appearance Environmental friendly materials

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Dimensions of doors

Should have sufficient space to take required large objects to the room Minimum widths Width = 04. to 0.6m x Height Recommended for public building - 1.20 m x 2.25 m Recommended for internal door of residence - 0.9 m x 2 m recommended for external door of residence -1.0m x 2 m The width of door leading to bath rooms should be around - 0.7 m x 2 m The doors of garage should be - 2.5 x 2.25 meters Height Height = Width + 1.2meter

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Elements of doors

Head of frame Iron hold f ast Tra Frame • post iron hold fast Iron dowel or metal pin 4crn deep Transome light •or • Glass panel (or fan light or ventilation) Holdfast F rieze rail (or Cross rail) post Door frame (or Zorn b) Lock rail 12mm rebate roil or kick panel FRONT ELEVATION Fig. 14.3 Parts ct a panelled door with ventilator.

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Technical Terms

1. Frame - It is a combination of several wooden members to support the door 2. Style - Style is an external vertical member of the shutter. 3. Top rail - It is the topmost horizontal member of the shutter 4. Lock rail - It is the central horizontal member of the shutter where locking attachments are fixed. 5. Bottom rail - It is the lowest horizontal member of the shutter. 6. Shutter - The complete assembly of the styles panels and rails is known as a shutter. 7. Panel - It is the enclosed area between the rails. 8. Sash - It is a frame made of light sections and is used iron fixing the glass in the panels. 9. Mullion - It is a vertical member running through a shutter or frame. 10. Louver - Louver is a timber piece which is attached in inclined position within a frame. 11.Horn - It is a horizontal projection of head or sill beyond the face of the door or window frame. Generally horn is 15 cm long. 12.Hold-fasts - These are provided on vertical sides of the vertical door frames to keep the frame in required position. They are made of mild steel flat bars about 3 cm wide, 6 cm thick and 20 to 25 cm long. 13. Sill - It is the bottom most horizontal member forming the frame. 14. Jamb - It is the vertical face of a door or windows opening which supports the frame. 15. Transom - It is a horizontal member which divides the door or window frame into several panels. 16. Rebate - It is a depression cut in the frame to accommodate door.

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Classification on basis of Arrangement of Components Ledged Ledged & Braced Ledged &Framed Ledged Braced & Framed 2. Classification on the basis of method or Manner of Construction Framed Paneled Glazed Flushed Louvered 3. Classification on the basis of Working Revolving doors Sliding doors Swing doors Collapsible steel door Rolling steel shutter door

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Classification on basis of Arrangement of Components

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Ledged Door

10•20cm 15cmwide thick T hinge (To Fixtheshutterlnthefra

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c r Oss Paste garnets) Fig. 14 S wan Lock Hosp & staple Bat tens Floor SECTION — Details Of Battened and

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Ledged & Braced Door

Ledged Door 10-15 cm wide and 30mm thick Ledged and Braced Door

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Ledged & Frame Door

:rame Ledge Braces

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Classification on the basis of method or Manner of Construction

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Frame and Paneled Door

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110 Illnn 1-10 Illnn

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Pumping System of water supply

4 PANEL Mt 6 PANEL MT 8 PANEL MT to PANEL MT

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Glazed Door

Fig u re 3/4 x 29-1/4" A VERTICAL 1-3/4" 13-3'4" C TYP.) x 83-3/4" GLASS RETA NER STRIPS Exploded View' OVERALL DIMENSIONS TOP RAIL x 6" x 29-114 CORE STAVES RAILS M OR T SED FOR ALL 2" LONG G LASS M u N TIN THROUGH MORTISE FOR TENONS (TYP.) 1" HAUNCH 36" x 83-3/4" FACE VENEER (1 '8" TYP.) TENON (TY P.) 1-1/2" BETWEEN TENONS (TYPO BOTTOM RAIL TENON MORTISE ( TYPO

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Flushed Door

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Louvered Door

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Grid-Iron system of water distribution

3-1A 1 -snø— 3-tn•

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-saoop Eaki "000

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Dead End or Tree System of water distribution.

Fig. '4.21 Details Of a or fly-proof Or "'Osqu'to•pro-o' dcx•r.

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Classification on the basis of Working

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Revolving doors

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Corner Post _F¯lnside Central Pivof Outer Case Outside Rubber Piece Revolving door

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Sliding doors

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Sliding doors

Bypass Sliding Surface Sliding S i ding • Exterior

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Sliding doors

Bifold Sliding Pocket

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Detail of Surface Sliding door

Trolly m, Door opening Frame Shutter Channel track (b) Elevation F ra B racket Sh utter En rged (c) Vertical section

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Detail of Sliding with Folding door

TOP ROLLER DETAIL ON

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Swing doors

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Collapsible steel door

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Collapsible steel door

Top O-ack and Sngle Locking Side (right) Side 0 o

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Rolling steel shutter door

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Rolling steel shutter door

Chain Guide Brac ket ton e on each sidel Tr.ck Wall Mount CEPS Trac SEde Lock Spring Track Slats form the curtain F Slide Botuym Rail

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