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Diabetes types Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't effectively use the insulin it does make. Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs. There are a few different types of diabetes: autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It's unclear what causes this attack. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have this type. Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but it's not high enough for a diagnosis of Insulin diabetes. Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes. A rare condition called diabetes insipidus is not related to diabetes mellitus, although it has a similar name. It's a different condition in which your kidneys remove too much fluid from your body. General symptoms The general symptoms of diabetes include: increased hunger increased thirst weight loss frequent urination blurry vision extreme fatigue sores that don't heal



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Beans: They contain soluble fiber and lean proteins. Beans help in burning body fat, they lower the cholesterol levels and stabilize blood-sugar levels. Hence go for beans! Oats: They are high in soluble fiber which slows down the absorption process in the stomach. This will in turn keep the blood-sugar levels in control. Tuna: An 85 g of tuna contains 1,300 mg of omega-3s and vitamin D. But tuna has mercury hence limit your intake to 340 gm a week. Yoghurt: Low-fat yoghurt contains high-quality carbohydrates and proteins, both are best to control blood sugar levels. Research shows that 1,200 mg of calcium and more than 800 IU of vitamin D a day cuts down the risk of diabetes by 33%. If possible opt for Greek yoghurt since it contains more proteins than regular non-fat yoghurt. Dates: Dates have a sweet taste and delightful texture, which makes them a great snack. Seven dates contain 4 gm of fiber; hence they are perfect for controlling diabetes. Spinach: It is low in calories and has low-impact on blood sugar. Hence spinach is great for controlling diabetes. Wild salmon: It is packed with omega-3s and it contains healthy fats and proteins. Consumption of wild salmon will slow down the absorption of carbohydrates which will in turn control the blood sugar levels. Egg whites: They are loaded with high-quality proteins and are low in carbohydrates. One large egg white consists of 16 calories and 4 gm of high-quality proteins. Hence they are ideal for controlling blood sugar levels. Avocados: They are packed with monosaturated fats which are great to control blood sugar levels. Flaxseeds: They contain omega-3s which lowers the cholesterol and blood sugar


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