Kwashiorkor

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Kwashiorkor

Kwashiorkor - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

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What is kwashiorkor ?

Assorted piles of beans and legumes

It is a form of protein-energy malnutrition that occurs when there is not enough protein in the diet. Malnutrition is a cellular imbalance between supply of nutrients, energy and body’s demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance and specific functions.

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Causes

It is caused by poor intestinal absorption, chronic alcoholism, kidney diseases, infections and trauma . All these leads to an increase in need of protein and caloric intake and results in loss of protein due to the body’s demand to repair. It also impairs physical and cognitive growth. It causes changes in developing brain, including; a slowed rate growth of the brain, decreased number of neurons Physical impairment include delayed function of limbs, & eye impairment

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Symptoms

Failure to gain weight, severe diarrhea, decreased muscle mass, retarded development

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Treatment

A child can be supplemented with an adequate diet to reverse the effects of kwashiorkor Use of oil-based substitutes allows increase in the intake of calories thus reducing anorexia In case an individual is in shock, immediate medical intervention is to restore blood volume and maintain blood pressure.

Diet with enough carbohydrates, fat and protem can prevent kwashiorkor FATS medindla net

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Who can contract it?

People of all ages suffering from chronic illnesses are most likely to contract the illness due to their weak immune system Neglected and abused children due to lack of healthy and balanced meal. Old people living at nursing homes because of an improper care. It is mostly encountered in children of overpopulated developing countries, where there is limited supply of healthy food and proper medical care for treatment such as Southeast Asia, Congo, Jamaica, SA and Uganda.

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Kwashiorkor is a serious illness that needs attention

People need to be educated about its danger and proper measures needed to follow to avoid contracting it, i.e., having a better understanding of balanced diet and proper nutrient intake. “PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE” NB>> after having better understanding of sings & symptoms as well as taking a balanced diet, the disorder is prevented

NUTRITION EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS