Early detection of autism what we know and prospects for fetal neuroimaging

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Early detection of autism what we know and prospects for fetal neuroimaging.

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Outline. Part 1: Fetal neuroimaging How it differs from adults Methods What it can and can’t tell us Part 2: Early detection of autism Biomarkers Importance of brain-based biomarkers in autism What we know so far.

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Outline. Part 1: Fetal neuroimaging How it differs from adults Methods What it can and can’t tell us Part 2: Early detection of autism Biomarkers Importance of brain-based biomarkers in autism What we know so far.

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No control over movement Prone to corruption from maternal breathing, movement within bowels, gas Surrounded by other tissues Few ways to provide stimulation.

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(A) SIE. Process Participant lies on side, goes in feet first Body coil is placed on top of stomach receives the signal that creates the images Heart rate and breathing is monitored Several types of scans acquired: Localizer – finds the fetus’ brain Anatomical images Diffusion Tensor images – measures properties of white matter Functional images – measure blood oxygenation over time.

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Ebner et al., NeuroImage , 2020.

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Goldberg et al., J. Magn . Reson . Im ., 2020. What can fetal neuroimaging tell us?.