BPY 2043- CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT Adolescents Interviews

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BPY 2043- CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT Adolescents Interviews

Group members: Mohashini Ganesan (BPSY 2010-2780) Neshendren Vijayan (BPSY 2010-2319) Nivehthiniy Kerisnan (BPSY 2010-2565) Tarishini Ganamoorthi (BPSY 2010-2577) Yoga Selvan Kalai Selvan (BPSY 2010-2712)

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Introduction

We can observe how some of the events of our past have shaped who we are today when we look at our own histories. How we consciously and subconsciously view our previous experiences shapes how we approach life.

Media: Allows teenagers to exercise some control over their surroundings and become more active participants in their own lives. C ontribute to teenage socialization by helping adolescents to be more self-reliant and prosocial . A llows them to build their own beliefs about the world and aids them in making judgments about their own behavior.

Sports: E xtremely essential in shaping an individual's character and physical fitness and in dimensions, as well as its influence on their psychological, and social lives. They also improve their social skills, learn to express their feelings, and grow self-assurance in their abilities. Physical inactivity is the fourth biggest cause of death worldwide, according to the World Health Organization.

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Introduction

Transition: D efined as a period of volitional identity exploration that involves “trying out various life prospects and progressing toward making everlasting decisions”. T ransition from adolescence to adulthood comes with expectations that one will take responsibility for oneself, make independent decisions, and become self-sufficient. Pathways to adolescence are strongly linked to one's social class as well as the resources and support of one's upbringing

Peer pressure and substance use: T he direct or indirect on people to follow their peers by changing their attitudes and behavior. Around 30% of kids are offered drugs in middle and high school, according to the Alcohol Substance Abuse Knowledge Base. Adolescent may go through physical, emotional and social changes in response to peer pressure.

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Introduction

Identity development: T he development of a strong sense of self, personality. positive adolescent self-confidence is very important as it shapes adolescents' perceptions of belonging and helps adolescents to develop strong self-esteem. Erikson believes that establishing an identity is an important part of the process for adolescents, and that failure to do so leads to role confusion and low self-esteem later in life.

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Member A Topic : Media

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Q1: How much time do you spend on media?

Q2: What games, shows, websites or music she watches, listens to or play?

High school She only spent 1 or 2 hours. Did not have any social apps. Watch YouTube videos or play online games. College Began to spend more time on media. Spent 6 to 8 hours. Due to Covid-19 pandemic, media usage has been increased. Has to attend online classes and discussions. Ordering essential items online, food and online shopping.

High school Loved watching cartoons, for example Mr. Bean, Tom and Jerry and Pink Panther. Liked to play auto racing games and cookery games. College Began to watch blogs, Netflix and Korean dramas. No longer enjoys playing video games. Started to be active in social media.

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Q3: Has media input increased or decreased in the past few years?

Q4: What dangers did you confront as a result of your use of media?

My interviewee acknowledged that media usage had risen steadily in recent years. According to Datareportal’s Worldwide Overview Report, which was released on January 27 th 2021. 4.66 billion people use internet. 316 million users have joined last year. 4% and 5% of media internet users utilize social media to get news.

She used to think the strangers she met on the internet were her actual pals. One of her online friend made a fake account to post her false information. Research paper titled "Social Media and Teen Anxiety" has been published by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. feeling pressured to obtain comments and likes on their post. feeling obligated to post nice and uplifting information about oneself. having someone post something about them that they can't remove or control.

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Member B Topic : Sports

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Q1: Participant history

Q2: Importance in their life past and present

My interviewee involved in sport when he was 11 years old. Mainly involved in football, 100m race and badminton. Represented his school and participated in state level competition. W on awards of excellence in co- curricular activities continuously for 4 years.

Many advantages and plus by physically and mentally to him after he involved in sports. Physical tired – better sleep – focus in class Personality changes - make him more discipline. Gains various skills, experience and confidence that are helpful for developing his personality.

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Q3: Parental concern they had to confront

Q4: Injuries

His mother was not so happy but his father supported him. His mother prefered him to focus in academic. Also worried about his health issues.

Broke his left leg at age of 13. MCL problem. Pain, swelling, and instability of the joint. Broke his right hand. Accepted the fact. Some minor injury such as c alf strains and lower back pain.

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Member C Topic : Transition

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Q1: At what point in your life did you go through a stage transition and what was your expectations during the transition?

Q2: What are the difficulties you encountered during the transition period?

Interviewee point of view: Transition – High school to University Transition will occur in everyone’s life Interviewee expectations: Attend parties with friends. Less pressure on studies.

Interviewee point of view: Accepting the new normal. Making friends with different culture, gender and foreign students. Students are taught higher order learning at university. Extracurricular activities. Romantic involvement.

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Q3: How do you deal with transitions from high school to college?

Q4: What do you think about student orientation program?

Interviewee point of view: Take break from assignment and exams. Suitable study environment. Good Sleep. Answering practice questions.

Interviewee point of view: Opportunity to meet members of the college community. Acquainted with their new home. Easier to make new friends.

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Member D Topic : Peer pressure and substance use

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Q1: Do you use substance and you do not have to share this if you do not want to ?

Q2: Did peers, at any time, pressure you to use substances and if so, what did you do?

My interviewee does not use substance. His parents had taught him that substance use is risky for humans. Lead to other risky behaviour such as: driving while drunk or high, unplanned sex, violence behaviour, self-harm , suicide , heart disease and stroke, mood disorder such as anxiety and depression and sleep high blood pressure

He state that he had go thru a bad experience before. His friend forced to try the substance but he refuse it. He advices his friend that substance is not good for our health and substance also will destroy our body parts. Since that his friend not taking any kind of substances.

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Q3: Do you feel pressure from peers now to use substances and how do you deal with that?

Q4: Do you or have you pressured other peers to use substances?

He didn’t experience such thing in life before. He state that peers know well that they can’t waste their money for this substances. He had go thru an experience where he’s friend addicted with vaping and he helps him to overcome from vaping problem. Vaping can effect health for long-term such as lung damage and heart disease.

He stated that he never had done it before. He believed that substance use is dangerous especially for teenagers because our brain goes through a serious time of advancement during our high school years . The last piece of the brain to foster controls your judgement, feelings, motivation control and dynamic. Implies that any substance use also can harm youngster minds more than adult’s brain.

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Member E Topic : Identity Development

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Q1: Is your identity something you might talk about to me?

Q2: Can u discuss identity and what it means to her?

Identity can defined that who she is, her personality, race, gender, and more about herself. She c hanged her personality to be a better vision of her self and to show who she is to the world.

She is an extrovert person. Her identity known as a student She belief that her identity projects from her family, culture, moral values, and her life goal .

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Q3: Do u agree, the dimension shapes your identity and give you specific reason?

Q4: Is your identity different in different settings in terms of how you express it ?

She agrees She need the important dimensions which reflect her identity. Family , c ultural , peers and race

She reflects a different identity to her family, peers, and society. Family: she feels hard to express her thoughts. Peers: she feels free to express her feelings Society: she was being aware to show who she is because people might give judgment

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Conclusion

We believe that our prior experiences have shaped who we are today as result of this interviewee session.

MEMBER A (TOPIC MEDIA): Past She assumes that individuals she met on the internet were her true friends. Because of a personal incident, she realized her online pals were not her true friends. Present She was more self-conscious Her confidence has grown because of past experiences.

MEMBER B (TOPIC SPORTS): Past Hard time managing his schedule. Punished by couch during practice. Felt down and low self-esteem. Present Learn to manage his schedule Started to be dedicated, committed to his goals, learn to be discipline and learn to try hard without giving up.

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Conclusion

MEMBER C (TOPIC TRANSITION): Past Shy personality – afraid of public speaking Present Changed herself to be brave and develop more confidence Her transition benefits her in a positive way.

MEMBER D (TOPIC PEER PRESSURE AND SUBSTANCE USE): Past Influenced by his peers to use substance. Confused and wanted to try Present Clear with his goals and refuse to try it. His self-determination secured him to be stable from the pressures. Gave advice to his friends who use substances.

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Conclusion

MEMBER E (TOPIC IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT): Past Introvert and shy during high school. Never had any plans and goals for future. Compared herself with others and tried to change herself to fit with others. Present She divided her time for studies and work during college. She started to be friendly. She started to have goals, build more self-esteem and projected her as an independent person.

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References

1. Charles Patrick Davis MD.PhD . ( 2021, May 12). Sports Injuries: Types, Treatments, and Prevention . OnHealth . https://www.onhealth.com/content/1/sports_injuries 2. Jay P. Green & Daniel H.Bowen (2014, October 21 ). Sports and Education Work Well Together . Nytimes.com . https://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/10/21/taking-sports-out-of-school-2/sports-and-education-work-well-together 3. Jen Carlevatti ( 2018, April 16). Why Is Attending College Orientation Is Important? Admit-A-Bull//official admissions blog https:// admissions.usf.edu/blog/why-is-attending-college-orientation-important 4. JGI Group ( 2017, November 27). 6 Reasons Why Sports Is Important In A Student Life . Jain Heritage School Blog https://www.jhs.ac.in/6-reasons-why-sports-is-important-in-a-students-life.php 5 . Marcia. J. (2001). Identity Development . ScienceDirect . https :// www.sciencedirect.com/topics/psychology/identity-development 6. Minor Sports Injuries | Active Chiropractic Clinics. ( n.d. ). Sheffieldchiropractors.co.uk. Retrieved August 20, 2021 https ://sheffieldchiropractors.co.uk/what-we-treat/minor-sports-injuries 7. Pape , H. (2012, February 11). Young people’s overestimation of peer substance use: an exaggerated phenomenon? Addiction, 107(5), 878–884 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03680.x

1. Charles Patrick Davis MD.PhD . ( 2021, May 12). Sports Injuries: Types, Treatments, and Prevention . OnHealth . https://www.onhealth.com/content/1/sports_injuries 2. Jay P. Green & Daniel H.Bowen (2014, October 21 ). Sports and Education Work Well Together . Nytimes.com . https://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/10/21/taking-sports-out-of-school-2/sports-and-education-work-well-together 3. Jen Carlevatti ( 2018, April 16). Why Is Attending College Orientation Is Important? Admit-A-Bull//official admissions blog https:// admissions.usf.edu/blog/why-is-attending-college-orientation-important 4. JGI Group ( 2017, November 27). 6 Reasons Why Sports Is Important In A Student Life . Jain Heritage School Blog https://www.jhs.ac.in/6-reasons-why-sports-is-important-in-a-students-life.php 5 . Marcia. J. (2001). Identity Development . ScienceDirect . https :// www.sciencedirect.com/topics/psychology/identity-development 6. Minor Sports Injuries | Active Chiropractic Clinics. ( n.d. ). Sheffieldchiropractors.co.uk. Retrieved August 20, 2021 https ://sheffieldchiropractors.co.uk/what-we-treat/minor-sports-injuries 7. Pape , H. (2012, February 11). Young people’s overestimation of peer substance use: an exaggerated phenomenon? Addiction, 107(5), 878–884 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03680.x

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References

8. Reed, M. D., & Rountree , P. W. (1997 June). Peer pressure and adolescent substance use. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 13(2), 143–180. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02221306 9. Richard B. Joelson (2011-2021) Managing Difficult Life Transitions. Psychotherapist author Managing Difficult Life Transitions - Richard B. Joelson , DSW (richardbjoelsondsw.com) 10. Ruth silverman (2021, April 19) Moving from high school to university. Library student learning comments Moving From High School to University | SFU Library 11. Stern, S., & Morr , L. (2012 November 02). Portrayals of Teen Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use in Recent Popular Movies. Journal of Health Communication, 18(2), 179–191. https ://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2012.688251 12. Stoica , L. (2008, April ). Substance Abuse To Teenagers And Young People. European Psychiatry, 23, S322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2008.01.1110 13 . Stone, C. I., & Shute, R. E. (1977). Persuader Sex Differences and Peer Pressure Effects on Attitudes toward Drug Abuse. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 4(1), 55–64. https ://doi.org/10.3109/00952997709002747 14. Vicki Nelson ( n.d ) Why College Orientation Matters. Collegiate parent Why You Should Attend College Orientation | CollegiateParent

8. Reed, M. D., & Rountree , P. W. (1997 June). Peer pressure and adolescent substance use. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 13(2), 143–180. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02221306 9. Richard B. Joelson (2011-2021) Managing Difficult Life Transitions. Psychotherapist author Managing Difficult Life Transitions - Richard B. Joelson , DSW (richardbjoelsondsw.com) 10. Ruth silverman (2021, April 19) Moving from high school to university. Library student learning comments Moving From High School to University | SFU Library 11. Stern, S., & Morr , L. (2012 November 02). Portrayals of Teen Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use in Recent Popular Movies. Journal of Health Communication, 18(2), 179–191. https ://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2012.688251 12. Stoica , L. (2008, April ). Substance Abuse To Teenagers And Young People. European Psychiatry, 23, S322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2008.01.1110 13 . Stone, C. I., & Shute, R. E. (1977). Persuader Sex Differences and Peer Pressure Effects on Attitudes toward Drug Abuse. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 4(1), 55–64. https ://doi.org/10.3109/00952997709002747 14. Vicki Nelson ( n.d ) Why College Orientation Matters. Collegiate parent Why You Should Attend College Orientation | CollegiateParent

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References

15 . Watson. J. (2019). Why is Teen Identity Development Important?. Aspiro . https ://aspiroadventure.com/blog/why-is-teen-identity-development-important / 16. Dave Chaffey (2021). Global social media statistics research summary 2021 . SmartInsights . https://www.smartinsights.com/social-media-marketing/social-media-strategy/new-global-social-media-research/amp/#top 17. JSY (2019, May 20). How Social Media Affects Teens . Just Say Yes. https://justsayyes.org/jsy-blog/how-social-media-affects-teens/ 18. Michikyan , M., & Suárez -Orozco, C. (2016). Adolescent media and social media use: Implications for development . Journal of Adolescent Research, 31, 411-414. https ://doi.org/10.1177/0743558416643801 19. April Fiacco (2020). Adolescent Perspectives on Media Use: A Qualitative Study . https://aura.antioch.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1600&context=etds 20. Maanvi Singh (2014, December 2019 ). Some early childhood experiences shape adult life, but which ones? NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2014/12/19/371679655/some-early-childhood-experiences-shape-adult-life-but-which 21. Jacquelyn Ekern , MS , LPC (2021, January 12). Influence of Peer Pressure on Adolescents and Substance Use. AddictionHope . https://www.addictionhope.com/blog/peer-pressure-teenagers-substance-abuse/

15 . Watson. J. (2019). Why is Teen Identity Development Important?. Aspiro . https ://aspiroadventure.com/blog/why-is-teen-identity-development-important / 16. Dave Chaffey (2021). Global social media statistics research summary 2021 . SmartInsights . https://www.smartinsights.com/social-media-marketing/social-media-strategy/new-global-social-media-research/amp/#top 17. JSY (2019, May 20). How Social Media Affects Teens . Just Say Yes. https://justsayyes.org/jsy-blog/how-social-media-affects-teens/ 18. Michikyan , M., & Suárez -Orozco, C. (2016). Adolescent media and social media use: Implications for development . Journal of Adolescent Research, 31, 411-414. https ://doi.org/10.1177/0743558416643801 19. April Fiacco (2020). Adolescent Perspectives on Media Use: A Qualitative Study . https://aura.antioch.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1600&context=etds 20. Maanvi Singh (2014, December 2019 ). Some early childhood experiences shape adult life, but which ones? NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2014/12/19/371679655/some-early-childhood-experiences-shape-adult-life-but-which 21. Jacquelyn Ekern , MS , LPC (2021, January 12). Influence of Peer Pressure on Adolescents and Substance Use. AddictionHope . https://www.addictionhope.com/blog/peer-pressure-teenagers-substance-abuse/

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References

22. Thomas E.Keller (2007, September 1 ) Approaching the Transition to Adulthood: Distinctive Profiles of Adolescents Aging out of the Child Welfare System . US National of Medicine National Institute of health 81(3): 453–484. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2802332/ 23. “Power of sports to shape future adolescents” (2018, March 21). Unicef . https://www.unicef.org/rosa/stories/power-sports-shape-future-adolescents 24. C . Ferron , F. Narring , M. Cauderay , P.-A. Michaud (1999, April). Sport activity in adolescence: associations with health perceptions and experimental behaviors . Oxford Academic. https://academic.oup.com/her/article/14/2/225/790313

22. Thomas E.Keller (2007, September 1 ) Approaching the Transition to Adulthood: Distinctive Profiles of Adolescents Aging out of the Child Welfare System . US National of Medicine National Institute of health 81(3): 453–484. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2802332/ 23. “Power of sports to shape future adolescents” (2018, March 21). Unicef . https://www.unicef.org/rosa/stories/power-sports-shape-future-adolescents 24. C . Ferron , F. Narring , M. Cauderay , P.-A. Michaud (1999, April). Sport activity in adolescence: associations with health perceptions and experimental behaviors . Oxford Academic. https://academic.oup.com/her/article/14/2/225/790313