Bucharest

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Bucharest

project created by Amalia Isaic theoretical high school Pontus Euxinus

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Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459. It became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the centre of Romanian media, culture, and art. Its architecture is a mix of historical ( Neoclassical  and  Art Nouveau ),  interbellum ( Bauhaus  and  Art Deco ), communist era and modern. In the period between the two World Wars, the city's elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of 'Paris of the East' ( Romanian :  Parisul Estului ) or 'Little Paris' ( Romanian :  Micul Paris ). [8]  Although buildings and districts in the historic city centre were heavily damaged or destroyed by war, earthquakes, and even  Nicolae Ceaușescu 's program of  systematization , many survived and have been renovated. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an economic and cultural boom. [9] [10]  It is one of the fastest-growing high-tech cities in Europe, according to  Financial Times ,  CBRE ,  TechCrunch , and others. [11] [12] [13] [14] [15]   UiPath , a global startup founded in Bucharest, has reached over $35 billion in valuation. [16]  Since 2019, Bucharest hosts the largest high tech summit in  Southeast Europe  (Romania Blockchain Summit)

Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459. It became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the centre of Romanian media, culture, and art. Its architecture is a mix of historical ( Neoclassical  and  Art Nouveau ),  interbellum ( Bauhaus  and  Art Deco ), communist era and modern. In the period between the two World Wars, the city's elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of 'Paris of the East' ( Romanian :  Parisul Estului ) or 'Little Paris' ( Romanian :  Micul Paris ). [8]  Although buildings and districts in the historic city centre were heavily damaged or destroyed by war, earthquakes, and even  Nicolae Ceaușescu 's program of  systematization , many survived and have been renovated. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an economic and cultural boom. [9] [10]  It is one of the fastest-growing high-tech cities in Europe, according to  Financial Times ,  CBRE ,  TechCrunch , and others. [11] [12] [13] [14] [15]   UiPath , a global startup founded in Bucharest, has reached over $35 billion in valuation. [16]  Since 2019, Bucharest hosts the largest high tech summit in  Southeast Europe  (Romania Blockchain Summit)

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History

Bucharest's history alternated periods of development and decline from the early settlements in  antiquity  until its consolidation as the national capital of  Romania  late in the 19th century. First mentioned as the ' Citadel  of București' in 1459, it became the residence of the  Voivode of Wallachia ,  Vlad III the Impaler

Bucharest's history alternated periods of development and decline from the early settlements in  antiquity  until its consolidation as the national capital of  Romania  late in the 19th century. First mentioned as the ' Citadel  of București' in 1459, it became the residence of the  Voivode of Wallachia ,  Vlad III the Impaler

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Geography

The city is situated on the banks of the  Dâmbovița River , which flows into the Argeș River, a tributary of the Danube.  Several lakes  – the most important of which are Lake Herăstrău, Lake Floreasca, Lake Tei, and Lake Colentina – stretch across the northern parts of the city, along the  Colentina River , a tributary of the Dâmbovița. In addition, in the centre of the capital is a small artificial lake – Lake Cișmigiu – surrounded by the  Cișmigiu Gardens . These gardens have a rich history, having been frequented by poets and writers. Opened in 1847 and based on the plans of German architect Carl F.W. Meyer, the gardens are the main recreational facility in the city centre. Bucharest parks and gardens also include  Herăstrău Park ,  Tineretului Park  and the  Botanical Garden . Herăstrău Park is located in the northern part of the city, around Lake Herăstrău, and includes the site the  Village Museum .  Grigore Antipa Museum  is also near in the Victoriei Square. One of its best known locations are  Hard Rock Cafe  Bucharest and  Berăria H  (one of the largest beer halls in Europe). Tineretului Park was created in 1965 and designed as the main recreational space for southern Bucharest. It contains a Mini Town which is a play area for kids. The Botanical Garden, located in the  Cotroceni neighbourhood a bit west of the city centre, is the largest of its kind in Romania and contains over 10,000 species of plants (many of them exotic); it originated as the pleasure park of the royal family. [36]  Besides them, there are many other smaller parks that should be visited, some of them being still large.  Alexandru Ioan Cuza Park ,  Kiseleff Park ,  Carol Park ,  Izvor Park ,  Grădina Icoanei ,  Circului Park  and  Moghioroş Park  are a few of them. Other large parks in Bucharest are:  National Park ,  Tei Park ,  Eroilor Park  and  Crângași Park  with  Morii Lake .

The city is situated on the banks of the  Dâmbovița River , which flows into the Argeș River, a tributary of the Danube.  Several lakes  – the most important of which are Lake Herăstrău, Lake Floreasca, Lake Tei, and Lake Colentina – stretch across the northern parts of the city, along the  Colentina River , a tributary of the Dâmbovița. In addition, in the centre of the capital is a small artificial lake – Lake Cișmigiu – surrounded by the  Cișmigiu Gardens . These gardens have a rich history, having been frequented by poets and writers. Opened in 1847 and based on the plans of German architect Carl F.W. Meyer, the gardens are the main recreational facility in the city centre. Bucharest parks and gardens also include  Herăstrău Park ,  Tineretului Park  and the  Botanical Garden . Herăstrău Park is located in the northern part of the city, around Lake Herăstrău, and includes the site the  Village Museum .  Grigore Antipa Museum  is also near in the Victoriei Square. One of its best known locations are  Hard Rock Cafe  Bucharest and  Berăria H  (one of the largest beer halls in Europe). Tineretului Park was created in 1965 and designed as the main recreational space for southern Bucharest. It contains a Mini Town which is a play area for kids. The Botanical Garden, located in the  Cotroceni neighbourhood a bit west of the city centre, is the largest of its kind in Romania and contains over 10,000 species of plants (many of them exotic); it originated as the pleasure park of the royal family. [36]  Besides them, there are many other smaller parks that should be visited, some of them being still large.  Alexandru Ioan Cuza Park ,  Kiseleff Park ,  Carol Park ,  Izvor Park ,  Grădina Icoanei ,  Circului Park  and  Moghioroş Park  are a few of them. Other large parks in Bucharest are:  National Park ,  Tei Park ,  Eroilor Park  and  Crângași Park  with  Morii Lake .

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Culture

Bucharest has a growing cultural scene, in fields including the visual arts, performing arts, and nightlife. Unlike other parts of Romania, such as the Black Sea coast or  Transylvania , Bucharest's cultural scene has no defined style, and instead incorporates elements of Romanian and international culture

Bucharest has a growing cultural scene, in fields including the visual arts, performing arts, and nightlife. Unlike other parts of Romania, such as the Black Sea coast or  Transylvania , Bucharest's cultural scene has no defined style, and instead incorporates elements of Romanian and international culture

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National arena

The National Arena, also known as the National Stadium, is a football stadium in Bucharest, Romania, where the matches of the national football team, the matches of Dinamo and FCSB, the final of the Romanian Cup and the match of the Romanian Super Cup are played. With a capacity of 55,635 spectators, it is the largest stadium in the country [8] and the first elite UEFA stadium in Romania, succeeded by Cluj Arena. The construction of the arena owned by Bucharest City Hall was completed in 2011, with a total cost of approximately € 235 million.In 2012, the arena hosted the UEFA Europa League Final, the first European final hosted by Romania. [9]On November 6, 2015, the stadium was closed by the Inspectorate for Emergency Situations because it did not have a permit for the retractable roof. For this reason, FCSB had to find a stadium again, the club currently resorting to the Constantin Rădulescu stadium in Cluj-Napoca and, later, in Pitesti, on the Nicolae Dobrin stadium.On April 1, 2016, the National Arena reopened its doors hosting the Dinamo-Astra match (1-4) and since then the largest stadium in the country can legally support sporting events after a break of about 6 months

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Henri Coandă Internațional Airoport

Henri Coandă International Airport [3] (IATA: OTP, ICAO: LROP) is the largest airport in Romania and one of the two important airports in Bucharest (the second being Bucharest Băneasa International Airport - Aurel Vlaicu in Băneasa neighborhood). Henri Coandă Airport is located outside the urban area of Bucharest, in the city of Otopeni, Ilfov County. In 2018, 13,824,830 passengers transited at Henri Coandă Airport. [4]The name of the airport was changed in May 2004, until then it was called Otopeni International Airport.

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https://en.m.wikipedia.org/ wiki /Bucharest

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