ATTITUDINAL CHANGE TOWARDS THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT BY WASTE PLASTIC TO WEALTH TRAINING PROGRAMME

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ATTITUDINAL CHANGE TOWARDS THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT BY WASTE PLASTIC TO WEALTH TRAINING PROGRAMME

Presenter :  Oyeronke M. Adegbile Chief Research Officer , Fisheries Resources Department , Nigerian Institute For Oceanography And Marine Research , Lagos, NIGERIA. Project Lead: Marine Plastic Debris Campaign Project In Lagos Coastal Beaches (Project Mapp) Authors : Oyeronke M. Adegbile , Ngozi M. Oguguah , Justina A. Obienu And Fisayo C. Jerome .

NIGERIAN INSTITUTE FOR OCEANOGRAPHY AND MARINE RESEARCW

Ocean Conservancy Photo Contest | Photo Contest Deadlines

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Nigerian beaches are ridden with the challenge of waste plastics

Nigerian has a coastline length of 853 km made up mainly of sandy beach . Lagos state has a 75km coastline and is one of Nigeria’s eight coastal states No global estimation of the amount and types of waste plastics present on the beaches in Nigeria is available .

Plate 1: Green Turtle, Chelonia mydas rescued in Idado beach , Eleko ,Lagos Nigeria

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Macro- and micro-plastic on beaches

Global problem Waste plastics are concentrated at sea in various areas but are also found all along the coasts Waste plastics are present as both large and small particles on the beaches , this plastics are ubiquitous , harmful to the beach fauna and marine species as it washes in and off the beaches based on the tidal flunctuations .

Plate 2: Beach front of Folu community

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Marine Plastic debris Campaign in Lagos Coastal beaches Commenced in August, 2020 due to COVID-19 restriction Plastic Surveys-August 2020 Quarterly Trainings-September 2020 Beach Cleanup Campaigns-September 2020

Plate 3: Dump site on Folu beach

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Surveys of beaches in Ibeju Lekki LCDA, Lagos state, Nigeria

Four coastal community beaches on the Lagos West Coast of Ibeju Lekki were surveyed for plastic waste from August 2020 to January, 2021 . Surveys were undertaken on foot by Project MAPP Team of NIOMR.

Plate 5:Plastic Survey in Igando community

Plate 6:Boat landing area in Folu community

Plate 7:Plastic Survey team surveying in Folu community

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Cleanup of beaches in Ibeju Lekki Area,Lagos area, Nigeria

Beach cleanup was organized at Idado , Eleko beach at the West of Lagos, Nigeria

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Results of Beach Cleanups – September 2020

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Plate 8: Volunteers in action during International coastal cleanup at Idado beach in September, 2020 .

Plate 9:Project team and volunteers with bags of plastic and other waste after, ICC, 2020

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Plastic debris Waste to Wealth Training in Lagos,Nigeria beaches

Results of beach cleanups in September , 2020 still indicated waste plastics as the top items on the beaches in line with International Coastal Cleanup report of the Ocean Conservancy 2017 and presented a ready opportunity to explore wealth generation from plastics in this area. Hence trainings for the coastal dwellers begun in earnest in September , 2020 Training components amongst others . Recycling upcycling /conversion into useful items for, Households , Construction And personal use . Marine biodiversity talk Sea turtle rescues

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Marine plastic upcycling craft workshop:Plastic to household ottomans

Members from15 Communities in Ibeju Lekki trained . Majority of the trainees were women and girls. Main waste material used were plastics pet bottles Beautiful ottomans produced during the training and participants engaged hands-on.

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Plate 10: Upcycling trainer at the quarterly Waste to wealth training

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Upcycling Plastic pet waste into ottomans

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Plate 11: Beach cleanup training of community trainers and volunteers

Plate 12: Women during the Upcycling training at Idado beach

Plate 13: Household ottoman produced during Upcycling training at Idado community

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Adoption of waste to wealth training by community women in Ibeju Lekki .

A women support group was formed by the women at Idado community For practising the newly acquirred skills and transfer of skills to other community members .

Plate 14: Women leader working hands-on during upcycling training

Plate 15:Trainee during hands-on practical upcycling at the training

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Waste flip flop Upgrade

2 types of fashion upcycling was introduced to each participants; Flip flops collected from the beaches were upgraded by women, men and children into fasionable slippers with addition of waste ankara fabrics. Tetrapaks were collected and upgraded with waste ankara materials into fashion purses

Plate 16: Men leader working hand-on flip-flop upgrading during fashion upcycling training

Plate 17: Female trainee working hand-on flip-flop upgrading during fashion upcycling training

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Results

Total number of trainees were 300 Each trainee was mandated to train 5 community members Monthly community volunteer beach cleanup groups established in the lead community ; Idado . Training manuals and Upcycling jute bags provided to trainees From survey results beach waste plastics reduced progressively at the Lead beach i.e. Idado beach when compared to other beaches surveyed . Children weren’t left out as they are the future leaders

Plate 18: Happy Women participants showcasing the fashion items ; purses , slippers and earrings upcycled during the fashion upcycling training.

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Conclusions

Plastic debris is a serious challenge on Lagos coastal beaches and might continue to be a problem unless pro-active measures are taken Plastics is contributing to Global warming which is a widely recognized threat for marine turtles because it can feminize populations but also induce embryo mortality . The current Waste to wealth project gained wider acceptance and has trained members in over 15 communities with the women being the majority and faster adopters . This project can be scaled up to other areas of the Lagos coast as it will engage the coastal communities as citizen scientist It will provide self employment and increase productivity especially for women and youths It will reduce waste on the beaches and its a very cheap method of waste reduction /conversion requiring no machinery investments . Developing a circular economy for coastal communities around plastics is strongly recommended for the entire coast of Lagos based on the results of this survey .

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Conclusions

The effect of global warming on thermal properties of the beaches , can be worsened by plastic pollution. This can be solved at local, regional and national level through beach cleanups combined with waste to wealth in coastal community and at global level by a better waste management, bans of single use plastics and plastic production controls .

Environment International Plastic pollution solutions: emerging technologies to prevent and collect marine plastic pollution Emma Emily C. Zoie Ella F. Gunadyb, Daniel RittSChOf",

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Acknowledgements

Ocean Conservancy Small Grant Initiative The Baale and People of Idado community and other communities in Ibeju Lekki for their warm reception. Thank you All.