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Sharing skills through a comprehensive online animal ethics course at UNSW

Josephine Joya and Lucie Nedved , Arthur Yuk Kong Chau, Margaret Rose The University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia

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Australian Code for the Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes (2013)

All people involved in the care and use of animals must be aware of, accept their responsibilities and act in accordance with the Code . Institutions must provide appropriate education, training, and assessment of competence, to ensure necessary skills and knowledge Investigators must undertake education, training, and competency assessment. Animal carers’ training and competence is important and contributes to high quality animal care.

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What is Competence?

Consistent application of knowledge and skills to the required standard of animal care and use. Embodies ability to transfer and apply knowledge and skill to new situations and environments based on current best practice by: performing procedures proficiently, assessing and monitoring animal welfare by having knowledge of normal behaviour, and recognising signs of pain & distress, supporting animal wellbeing, safeguarding animal wellbeing by minimising harm, pain and distress.

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Animal Ethics & Care Courses at UNSW

3-day course – voluntary, assessment, feedback

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2001

Introduction to Animal Care and Ethics (2 day) Assessment - multiple choice examination and report Resources - Code, Wellbeing Guide (Fact Sheets), ARRP guidelines, current scientific evidence (publications, NC3Rs, RAT, Norecopa, CCAC) Training CD – Euthanasia, Rat Life, Handle with Care Honours (1 day) Refresher – half-day (Reference handout)

survey of previous participants (300), need revision of contents

2005

Today

Animal Care and Ethics Course was developed by Prof Margaret Rose.

Compulsory Teaching delivery platform: face-to-face, workshops, practical

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The Topics Covered in UNSW Courses

Ethical issues, code, legislation, guidelines Investigator’s responsibilities Planning and conduct, 3Rs Ethics application Animal wellbeing Normal animal behaviour Identification, management of pain and distress Impact of procedures Euthanasia Introduction to common procedures in mice and rats OH&S risk management Safe handling of S4, S8, S9 drugs

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Compare to current guidelines in animal ethics courses

Teacher outline

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Guidelines - Core Modules

NSW – ARRP/DPI Moral and ethical issues Legislative and institutional requirements Responsibilities Principles of experimental design - justification, 3Rs Alternatives Animal ethics application Animal care (housing and handling) Monitoring animal wellbeing - recognition and alleviation of pain and distress Role of animal care staff, veterinarians Record keeping and reporting Supply and disposal of animals OH&S Resources

Australia Consistent with the Code

FELASA ( Gyger et al. 2018) Ethics, animal welfare and the 3Rs Basic and appropriate biology Animal care, health and management Recognition of pain, suffering and distress Humane methods of killing

CCAC (2015) Ethics of animal use in science 3Rs Guidelines, legislation, regulations OHS

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Key topics: Ethics 3Rs Legislations, guidelines, institutional Experimental design Animal welfare, care Normal biology Pain and distress Humane killing

Guidelines - Core Modules

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Ethical issues, code, legislation, guidelines Investigator’s responsibilities Planning and conduct, 3Rs Ethics application Animal wellbeing Normal animal behaviour Identification, management of pain and distress Impact of procedures Euthanasia Introduction to common procedures in mice and rats OH&S risk management Safe handling of S4, S8, S9 drugs

Key topics: Ethics 3Rs Legislations, guidelines, institutional Experimental design Animal welfare, care Normal biology Pain and distress Humane killing

Are the topics of UNSW courses relevant and current?

YES

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2020: Convert to Online Delivery

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Upskilling vets

Discussed in more detail in poster “Challenges in developing an online animal ethics course at UNSW”

Selecting software

Hosting platform and technical support

Practical handling training

Assessments (Quiz, Report)

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Challenges encountered

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The Result: Easily Accessible Online Course with Practical Component

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Ethics, Legislations, Code, Guidelines, Institutional Requirements

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Acknowledging Responsibilities

Why the use of animals in science raises ethical questions; differing views and how such differences are taken into account in decision-making Legislative oversight of the use of animals in science in Australia How the Australian Code for the Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes (the Code) promotes the ethical, humane and responsible care and use of animals relates to our legislative obligations to protect the interests of animals establishes a framework that guides how we decide whether an activity is ethically and legally acceptable identifies reciprocal responsibilities of people involved in the care and use of animals for scientific purposes

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-Introduction to animal ingand-animaw...u welfares

To understand animal welfare, we need to know what the animal’s quality of life is and what the animal can tell us . how animals perceive and respond to their environment, provide understanding from an animal's perspective , what they are actually experiencing, objectively consider evidence that animals are actually experiencing positive states of wellbeing, and negative states of distress . Know the basic biology and normal behaviour Recognition and management of pain and distress

What Animals Tel - Us -Normal Behaviour, Wellbeing, Pain & - Distress

Animal Welfare

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Assessing

Assess impact during the care and management of animals. Assess impact of common procedures to support responsible planning and conduct of a project. Introduction to common procedures in laboratory mice and rats to refine face-to-face practical competency training. Introduction to wildlife studies including specialised legislative considerations (permits) and conduct of procedures. Specialised modules for practical biomethodology techniques

Supporting and Safeguarding Animal Wellbeing

Common Procedures in Laboratory Mice

mmon Pruedures in Laboratory

UNSW Animal and Ethics course 2020 Introduction to Wildlife Ethics and Wellbeing

Humane Euthanasia - an Overview O Sort

The Laboratory Rat 0

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Ymir Project — Planning, Conduct & Ethical Acceptability

Introduction to Statistical Design to Support the 3Rs

Respect for the animals involved must underpin all decisions and actions in the planning and conduct of projects. Careful planning is essential to present a project is ethically justified : the use of animals is scientifically justified the 3Rs are embedded high standards of scientific integrity have been applied study and species-specific strategies to support and safeguard wellbeing and to minimise pain and distress have been developed current best practice is applied Introduction to statistical design course provides a brief introduction to some commonly encountered statistical issues in the study design of animal experiments which can directly impacts on the 3Rs, reproducibility and translatability.

Planning and Conduct of a Project

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H & S safe practices when working with animals and how these are managed. Legislative compliance with the NSW Poisons and Therapeutic Goods Regulation 2008 when using prescription (S4, S4D), restricted (S8), prohibited (S9) substances Gene Technology Regulations at UNSW

Health & Safety and Other Compliance Courses

WORKING SAFELY WITH ANIMALS

RESEARCH GENE TECHNOLOGY REGULATIONS AT UNSW

RESEARCH ETHICS COMPLIANCE suppoRT USING THERAPEUTIC GOODS FOR RESEARCH AT UNSW srAR1 COURSE

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Sample Module: Created with Storyline 360

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Sample Module: Created with Rise 360 with an Embedded L ecture

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Conclusion

Existing animal care and ethics course converted from face-to-face delivery to an online teaching platform. T he online course supports the 3Rs theoretical and practical knowledge less animals used with targeted hands-on training refinement of techniques prior to targeted competency hands-on training. Development of online assessments including written report. Online course always available, supports self-paced learning.

See poster presented by Lucie Nedved CHALLENGES IN DEVELOPING AN ONLINE ANIMAL ETHICS COURSE AT UNSW

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Thank you

Prof Margaret Rose, Dr Arthur Yuk Kong Chau (Co-authors) Peter- Geelan Small (UNSW Stats Central) Dr Ted Rohr (Director of Research and Ethics Compliance) The University of New South Wales

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