Module 3: Basic safety rules and measures for work place hazards

Published on
Scene 1 (0s)

WELCOME TO CHSI Recorded Modular Mandatory 8hr Seminar for Workers & Covid-19 Workplace Safety & Health Orientation

CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

Scene 2 (10s)

House Rules:

1. Submit seminar requirements at

after seven (7) days you received the modules.

2. Read & study the modules at your own free time either during

or after working hours.

3. Call or notify Safety Officer for any inquiries or clarifications

at # 09975721538 (™) from 8:00am to 5:00pm.

4. Workshop forms & other documents will be emailed to you.

5. These modules are intended for your seminar use only. Thus, reproduction, distribution & unauthorized use without permission from CHSI management is prohibited.

CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

Scene 3 (38s)

Modular Seminar includes: 1.Mandatory 8-Hour Safety & Health Seminar for Workers and

2.Prevention & Control of Covid-19 based on DTI & DOLE Interim Guidelines & JMC

CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

Scene 4 (51s)

Requirements for 8hr seminar:

1. There will be a short test for module 1,2, 5 & 6.

2. In module 3, you need to accomplish a Risk Assessment (RA).

3. In module 4, you need to accomplish Hazard Identification Risk Assessment & Control (HIRAC)

4. Submit accomplished safety commitment & attendance sheet.

CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

Scene 5 (1m 9s)

Mandatory 8-Hour Safety & Health Seminar for Workers

(Pursuant to section 16b of RA 11058 &

section 3 of DO 198-18)

Prepared by:

Fernan O. Tabones

CHSI Safety Officer

CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

Scene 6 (1m 22s)

The next two (2) slides are the course/seminar outline provided by DOLE & to be accomplished by the company Safety officer.

CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

Scene 7 (1m 32s)

MANDATORY 8-HOUR SAFETY AND HEALTH SEMINAR FOR WORKERS (Pursuant to Section 16 (b) of RA 11058 and Section 3 of DO 198-18) o be conducted by the Safety Officer) Objectives Participants will be able to express appreciation on OSH and recognize the importance of various data and legislation relating to OSH Participants will be able to understand, learn and discuss basic concepts of OSH towards an effective OSH implementation in the workplace Participants will be able to recognize safety hazards and appropriate safety measures in their workplaces Traynig_Module Moduje I: Overview Module 2: Understanding OSH Module 3: Recognizing safety hazards and appropriate control measures Training Tepics . Introduction to OSH Importance of OSH Ill. 'V. Situationer using company data/statistics Salient features of OSH Legislations 1. RA 11058 and its IRR (DO 198-18) 2. OSH Standards as amended including related provisions of PD 626 3. Company OSH Policies and Programs General Concepts on OSH Accident Causation Theories (example: Domino Theory) Accident Causation and Prevention I. Unsafe Act and Unsafe Conditions 2. Accident Prevention 3. Benefits of having Safety and Health Practices in the Workplace Definition of Terms with examples - Safety Hazards - Health Hazards Risks I. Low Risks 2. Medium Risks 3. High Risks Basic Safety Rules and Measures for workplace hazards Housekeeping and Materials Handling and Storage Machine Safety (Types, Sources and Control) Electrical Safety (Types, Sources, LOTO and Controls) - Fire Safety (Elements of Fire, Prevention and Control) Chemical Safety Workshop Application of Learning Time Allotment I hour. 1 hour and 30 mins. 2 hours

Scene 8 (2m 23s)

MANDATORY 8-HOUR SAFETY AND HEALTH SEMINAR FOR WORKERS (Pursuant to Section 16 (b) of RA 11058 and Section 3 of DO 198-18) Objectives Participants will be able to perform risks/hazards assessment, evaluation and recommend measures of control Participants will be able to know how to respond in workplace emergencies and participate during conduct of emergency drills Participants will be able to identify the prescribed administrative requirements and express commitment to OSH Training Module Module 4: Application of Hazards Identification , Risk Assessment and Control (HIRAC) Module 5: Workplace Emergency Preparedness Module 6: Compliance to Administrative OSH Requirements V. VI. VII. (TO BE CONDUCrED BY SO) Training Topics Hazards Identification j Risk Assessment and Control Key steps in recognizing and identifying hazards I, Safety Hazards 2. Health Hazards - Risk Assessment and Prioritization (HIRAC) Application of Controls (Elimination, Substitution, Engineering, Administrative & PPE) - Workshop on Accomplishing Risk Assessment Form/Matrix Workplace Emergency Preparedness Roles of OSH Personnel Responses during Emergency Conduct of Emergency Drills (i.e. Earthquake Drill/Fire Drill/Bomb Threat) Administrative OSH Requirements - Reportorial Requirements and Prescriptive Period of Submission (R1020, AEDR, WAIR, AMR, RSO & Minutes of Meeting) Mandatory OSH Programs Penalties for violations Commitment Setting Rc-entry Plan on OSH Time Allotment 2 hours (Note: SO to provide practical examples applicable to company practices/processes) I hour (Note; SO to discuss in details the emergency execution plan) 30 mins. (Note: SO to emphasize the Rights of Workers) (Note: SO to get commitment from the workers)

Scene 9 (3m 11s)


To express appreciation on Occupational Safety Health

To recognize the importance of various data & legislation relating to OSH

Module 1: Overview


CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

This is the Philippine Health & Safety Standard or OSHS. Some called it as “Yellow book”

Scene 10 (3m 28s)

The possibility of accident and adverse effect to health is always present in any workplace. All work exposes workers to hazards, example:

• Manual handling of materials

• Use of machines

• Exposure to toxic substances

• Contact with electricity

• Exposure to radiation

• Stress

Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) is defined as a “state of being certain that exposure to workplace conditions will not cause adverse effects to the well-being of a worker in terms of: INJURY & ILLNESS

Introduction to OSH


Scene 11 (3m 53s)

Importance of OSH

3 Reasons Why OSH is Important to Companies:

(According to WHO (2010) OSH is important based on 3 arguments)

1. Right thing to do – is based on ethical principle in that the employer, while earning profit, has the moral obligation to protect employees from accidents and illnesses. Workers have the right to safe and healthful workplace. (Moral)

2. The smart thing to do – is based on the economic principle in that no business owner wants accidents because accidents and illnesses impose a massive cost to business. They not only lower productivity, but in the worst case, can even end the business. (Economic)


Scene 12 (4m 24s)

Importance of OSH

3. It is the law – is based on the legal principle in that employers violating the provisions of the law are imposed penalties and can be issued work stoppage orders by the appropriate authorities. (Legal)

Moral-morally right to safeguard worker from harm/moral duty of the company to provide best care of their employee.

Economic-No or low accident decreases cost of the company/efficient Safety & Health management promotes productivity.

Legal-laws that protect safety & health of workers


Scene 13 (4m 49s)

The Cost of Accidents

OSH is a strong business case. Investing in the prevention of accidents and ill-health is one of the best decisions a business organization can do because they cost time and money. The fact is, many businesses do not recognize the costs as most of them are indirect and hidden.

Scene 14 (5m 7s)

Only a fraction of the whole cost is actually seen, like an iceberg. The costs of accidents and illnesses that are easily seen are called direct or recoverable costs while those which are hidden are the indirect or unrecoverable costs. Indirect costs are usually many times greater than the direct costs. In fact, uninsured losses are ten times the cost of insurance premiums according to HSE- UK (ROSPA).

The following are examples of indirect or hidden costs:

• Lost time

• Sick pay

• Damage of products

• Repairs of equipment

• Extra wages

• Production delays

• Investigation time

• Fines

• Lost contracts

• Legal costs

Scene 15 (5m 36s)

OSH Statistics

According to the International Labor Organization (ILO) during the World Safety Day Celebration in 2019:

• average of 7,500 die everyday due to work-related accidents

• 160 million incidents of occupational illness every year

• 270 million work-related accidents every year

The biggest killer in the workplace is cancer, causing roughly 640,000 or 32% of deaths, followed by circulatory diseases at 23%, then accidents at 19% and communicable diseases at 17%. Asbestos alone takes about 100,000 lives annually (ILO).

Scene 16 (6m 2s)

OSH Statistics

•our 'SOO!A.IOS quean JOJ .10)uo:) ISHD

Scene 17 (6m 11s)

Situationer Using Company Data:

CHSI provides PPE ( ) Safe Workplace ( ) Safety Officers ( ) Health Personnel ( ) Facilities ( ) Work Procedures ( )-this is required RA/HIRAC/JHA ( )-this is required based on work procedures Compliances to DOLE ( )-ongoing

CHSI has no casualty record on file (incident/accident) ( )

CHSI OSH training of personnel on going as well as Safety Induction and Mandatory 8 hours OSH Seminar

Scene 18 (6m 30s)

L pa) uo!lelnfiéé , pues$LOZ '

Salient Features of OSH legislations

“OSH is too important that the government has enacted a law to penalize violations of the occupational safety and health standards and other requirements.”

Legal Bases of OSH

• PD 422 – 1974 “The Labor Code of the Philippines”

• “OSH Standards”, 1979, as amended 1989

• RA 11058 – “An act strengthening compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Standards and providing penalties for violations enacted January 25, 2019” and its Implementing Rules and Regulations (DO 198-18).

Scene 19 (6m 55s)

Salient Features of OSH legislations

Based on this organizational chart, it is the DOLE who regulates & implement policy formulated by BWC while OSHC plays as a training provider for safety & health training & ECC for workers compensation under Employers Compensation Program (ECP). For more details ECP, you may ask your HR personnel.

Occupational Safety and Health Center (OSHO (Teehnieal services, Training} Department Of Labor & Employment (Policy Regulation) Bureau of Working Conditions IBVVC) (Policy Forrnulationl DOLE Regional Offices (Enforcement/ Implementation) Employees Compensation Commission Compensation/ Rehabilitation)

Scene 20 (7m 16s)

Salient Features of OSH legislations

Relevant DOLE Health-Related Issuance The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) has issued orders to guide employers or establishments to address potential hazards to health of workers.

Relevant issuances to control of biological hazards are the following:

Health I Hepatitis B a viral infection that affects liver and is the most cause Of liver cancer. rnost transrnitted through blood and body fluids- passive and active offer 98 to (Source: WHO. 2019) HIV and AIDS virus ( HIV) targets the in.unune systetn and sveakens people•s defense against •nany infections and sorne types Of cancer- Acquired syndrorne is the gnost advanced Stage Of HIV infection- Tran.srnitted through body fluids (e.g. vaginal 2020' Issuance DEPARTMENT ADVISORY NO- 05 Series of 2010 GUIDELINES FOR THE INIPLENIENXATION OF A "VORKPLACE POLICY AND PROGRANI ON HEPATITIS n DEPARTMENT ORDER NO. 102-10 Scries of 2010 GUIDELINES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AND AIDS CONTROL IN THE &VORKPLACE PROGRANC Salient Features Exnployer• required to B that 1- 2- 3- 4. Education and training; Preventive strategies; Non—discrirnination. confidentiality Screening- treatxnent and referral to health care services; and Benefits and Exnploy•ct-s required to and On HI V"AIDS that 2. 3. 4. Education and training: Preventive strategies; iscrirnination. confidentiality and arrangernent: Screening. treatxnent and referral to health care services; and Benefits and

Scene 21 (7m 58s)

Salient Features of OSH legislations

Relevant DOLE Health-Related Issuance

by that TB affects the I ungs- spreads the air and can cause death if treated rate Short 73—05 of -rt-'E 33-03 series of 2003 Rehabilitation policies Center for Health Services, In ax.ul 3- Increasing testing for o and Periodic a.x•d

Scene 22 (8m 12s)

Salient Features of OSH legislations

Slides 20 & 21 means that every establishment or company should

establish policy, procedures or programs on how to prevent, treat,

rehabilitate, control and educate workers from the exposure to the

different biological hazards.

Scene 23 (8m 27s)

The OSH Standards

OSH Standards in the Philippines is a set of mandatory rules on occupational safety and health which codifies all safety orders issued prior to its promulgation. It is commonly called the “Yellow Book” Example of rules from OSHS:

A set of mandatory rules on OSH which codifies all safety orders, Patterned after the Standards of other developed countries Objective: protection of workers from occupational risks and hazards Coverage: all workplaces, except safety in e mines

Rule 1000: General Provisions: Duties of employers & employees as per RA11058/DO198-18

Rule 1020: Registration of Establishment-valid for life time

Rule 1030: Training and Accreditation of OSH Personnel

Rule 1040: Health and Safety Committee

Rule 1050: Notification & Keeping Records of Accidents and/or Illnesses

Rule 1960: Occupational Health Services

Rule 1070: Occupational Health and Environmental Control

Rule 1080 : Personal Protective Equipment and Devices

Scene 24 (9m 5s)

Rule 1040: Health and Safety Committee

Safety Security and Compliance Committee Dr. Raffy Sanchez Pollution Control Officer Alby Sasis ssc Documentation (Information and Education) Fernan Tabones Safety Officer Nerry Cueto SSC Head Kaye Narvato Emergency Management mmitte Fire Safety Emergency Preparedness Team Compliance Officer SSC Auditor Dra Debbie Acantilado SSC Audit Committee Hazard Identification, Evaluation, and Control Arlene Jimenez SSC Planning and Policy Accident/lncident Investigations

This is the existing CHSI Safety & Health Committee

CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

Scene 25 (9m 22s)

The next two ( 2 ) slides refers to the legal basis of our safety & health committee which was taken from DO 198 - 18 of RA 11058 known as “ AN ACT STRENGTHENING COMPLIANCE WITH OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS AND PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR VIOLATIONS THEREOF.

Scene 26 (9m 31s)

Section 13. Occupational Safety and Health Committee, - To ensure that the safety and health program is observed and enforced, a safety and health committee shall be organized in covered workplaces.

(c) For two (2) or more establishments housed under one building or complex including malls. — When two or more establishments are housed under one building or complex, the health and safety committee organized in each workplace shall form themselves into a Joint Coordinating Committee to plan and implement programs and activities conceming all the establishments. The Joint Coordinating Committee shall be composed of the following: Chairperson Secretary Building owner or his/her representative such as the building administrator Safety officer of the building or complex appointed by the Chairperson

Scene 27 (9m 59s)

(b) For medium to high risk establishments with ten (10) to fifty (50) workers and low to high risk establishments with fifty-one (51) workers and above. — The OSH committee of the covered workplace shall be composed of the following: Ex-officio chairperson Secretary Ex-officio members Members Employer or his/her representative Safety officer of the workplace Certified first-aider, OH nurse, OH dentist, and OH physician, as applicable Safety officers representing the contractor or subcontractor, as the case may be, and representative/s of workers who shall come from the union, if the workers are organized, or elected workers through a simple vote of majority, if they are unorganized

Members At least two safety officers from any of the establishment housed under one building or complex At least two workers' representatives, one of which must be from a union if organized, from any of the establishment housed under one building or complex

Scene 28 (10m 34s)


Policies & Programs

Some of OSH Policy

Environmental Policy

HIV/AIDS Workplace Policy

Tuberculosis Prevention & Control Workplace Policy

Drug Free Workplace Policy

OSH Program

Safety & Health Program

Prevention & Control of Covid-19Program

.0 CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

Mental Health Policy

Hepatitis B Workplace Policy

Scene 29 (10m 53s)

General Concepts of OSH

The System Theory of Accident Causation proposes that work is a system composed a group of regularly interacting and interrelated components such as people,

People Environrnent Materials Equiprnent Accident Task

Accident Causation & Prevention

Scene 30 (11m 6s)

“A hazard is any source of potential damage, harm or adverse health effects on something or someone” (CCOSH). Harm is referred to as physical injury or damage to health.

Multiple Causation Theory of Accident arguing that a single accident has multiple causes. The theory considers unsafe acts and unsafe conditions together with human errors as the immediate causes of accidents. And behind those immediate causes, there is system failure and personal beliefs as root causes according to Hartshorn. Please see below model.


Scene 31 (11m 34s)

Accident Causation Theories


In the study of causes or the root causes of accident conducted by Herbert William Heinrich According to him, out 98% of workplace accidents are preventable and only 2% are non preventable. Of the 98% preventable accidents, 88% is due to unsafe/unhealthy acts or “man failure” and 10% is due to unsafe/unhealthy conditions. This study explains the rationale for focusing interventions on changing the behaviors and attitudes of workers and management towards safety and health

CHSI Center for Health Services, Inc.

Scene 32 (12m 0s)

98% workplace accident are preventable: -88% Unsafe acts/Man’s failure -10% Unsafe condition

2% are non-preventable/Act of God

Unsafe/unhealthy Act: ANSI defines this as “any human action that violates a commonly accepted safe work procedure or standard operating procedure.” This is an act done by a worker that does not conform or departs from an established standard, rules or policy. These often happen when a worker has improper attitudes, physical limitations or lacks knowledge or skills.

Examples of unsafe acts include: horse playing, smoking in non-smoking areas, using substandard/defective tools, non - wearing of goggles/gloves,

Scene 33 (12m 31s)

Unsafe/unhealthy Condition: ANSI defines this as the physical or chemical property of a material, machine or the environment which could possibly cause injury to people, damage to property, disrupt operations in a plant or office or other forms of losses. These conditions could be guarded or prevented.

Examples of unsafe conditions include: -slippery and wet floors -dusty work area -congested plant lay-out -Octopus wiring -Poor storage system -Scattered objects, tools and materials on the floor



Scene 34 (12m 57s)

Benefits of Having Safety & Health Practices

Awareness, Hazard identification, Hazard Control, Accident Prevention, Zero accident, Loss Control, Save Money, Save Lives and Moral, Economic & Legal aspect of the company. In other words it:

1.Protect workers from injury and illness 2.Lower injury/illness costs 3.Reduce absenteeism and turnover 4.Increase productivity and quality 5.Raise employee morale 6.Increased workers' compensation insurance costs 7.Avoid or minimize damage to equipment or machinery

Scene 35 (13m 22s)

1. According to Herbert William Heinrich, why does we need to focus on changing the behaviors and attitudes of workers towards safety & health?

2. Give at least two unsafe acts and two unsafe conditions in your workplace.

3. Give one legal basis of OSH.

Module 1 short exercise: (You may write your answer in a bond paper with name, signature, date & job title)

Scene 36 (13m 42s)

Module 2: Understanding OSH


To be able to understand, learn & discuss basic concepts of OSH towards an effective OSH implementation in the workplace.

Scene 37 (13m 52s)

Safety hazards are something that has potential for injury while health hazards are something that has potential for illness. Please see below table for samples

Definition of Terms: What is the difference between safety & health hazard?

Biological Chemical Health hazards Physical Ergonomc Psychosocial Safety hazards Safety bacteria, viruses, msects, plants and animals gass vapors, mists fumes* radiation, noise, temperature extremes, pressure, electricity, etc. repetitive movement, improper set-up of work stations, avkvard sitions, over exertions stress, violence, ete clutters (slip and trip), unguarded machines, heights (fall), equipment malfunctions, mappropnate use of tools, electrici etc.

Scene 38 (14m 19s)

Definition of Terms with examples

Safety hazards-a source or situation with a potential to cause harm in terms of injury, ill health, damage to property, damage to the environment or a combination of these.

Example: refer to unsafe act/unsafe condition

Health Hazards- a source or situation with a potential to cause an illness and other work-related and/or occupational diseases. Example: Dust, smoke/CO, vibration, noise (chemical hazards)

diwz$ auvzVH

Scene 39 (14m 44s)

Risk – a combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event with specified period or in specified circumstances and the severity of injury or damage to the health of people, property, environment or any combination of these caused by the event.

Risk=Likelihood X Severity (R=L x S)

Low Risk- low level of danger or exposure to safety and health hazards and not likely or with low probability to result in accident, harm or injury or illness.


What is Risk?

Anu ang Peligro?

Scene 40 (15m 8s)

Medium Risk- there is a moderate exposure to safety and health hazards and with probability of an accident, injury or illness, if no preventive or control measures are in place.

High Risk-the presence of hazard or potential hazard within the company that may affect the safety and health of workers not only within but also persons outside the premises of the workplace. There is also a high level of exposure to safety & health hazards and probability of a major accident resulting to disability or death or major illnesses is likely to occur if no preventive or control measure are in place.

Scene 41 (15m 34s)

High Risk Establishments

Medium Risk Establishments there is moderate exposure to safety and health hazards and with probability of an accident, injury or illness.

hazards affect the safety and/or health of the workers such as chemical works & production, construction, healthcare facilities etc

Low Risk Establishments

Where there is low level of danger or exposure to safety and health hazards or with low probability to result in accident, harm or illness.

Classification risk by establishments

Scene 42 (15m 59s)

Accident Prevention-focus on behavioral safety or standard behavior practices on the workplace that:

-consciousness that our action may affect other people in the workplace, -that, we are part of the problem and solution -education/seminar is important -training is required -right motivation help workers -we need to participate in making a safe & health workplace -we need toolbox meeting/permit to work (PTW) system -

Scene 43 (16m 19s)

1. Give at least two (2) examples of safety & health hazards.

2. What is Risk?

Module 2 short exercise:

Scene 44 (16m 29s)

Module 3: Recognizing safety hazards and appropriate control measures


1.To recognize safety hazards and appropriate safety measures.

Scene 45 (16m 39s)

Basic safety rules and measures for workplace hazards

Housekeeping, Material Handling & Storage

What is Housekeeping? Housekeeping means putting everything in its proper place. It is everybody’s business to observe it in the workplace to minimize or lessens accidents and related injuries and illnesses. It improves productivity and minimizes direct/indirect costs of accidents/illnesses (BOSH unit 2 Module 4 page 23)

Before implementing 5S

Scene 46 (16m 57s)

5 S of Housekeeping

1.Sorting/suriin(seiri)- this means sorting out of unnecessary items and discarding them from your workplace. Because this will: -Make the work easy by eliminating obstacles, -Eliminate the need to take care of unnecessary items, -Provide no chance of being disturbed with unnecessary items, -Prevent faulty operation caused by unnecessary items.


Scene 47 (17m 20s)

2. Systematize/sinupin (Seiton)- this means the need to organize our workplace such as:

-Follow the First In First out (FIFO) for storing items -Assign each item a dedicated location -Provide systematic labelling -Place items so that they are visible to minimize, to reached or handled easily -Separate exclusive tools from common ones -Place frequently used tools to near user

sv —is.' Ou'daaxosnoH

Scene 48 (17m 40s)

3. Sweep/Seiso/Simutin-this mean to sanitize or clean our workplace. How?

-Keep environment condition as clean necessary for the products. -Prevent deterioration of machinery & equipment & make checking of abnormalities easy. -Keep workplace safe & work easy

4. Standardize/Siguruhin(Seiketsu)-Means that we have to standardize what we are doing.

5. Self-discipline/Sariling kusa (Shitsuke)-This means that we have to do this process without prodding/urging.

Sort Set In Order Sweep Standardise Sustain

Scene 49 (18m 3s)

•our 's03!A.10S tl)teol.l .10J .10)U00 ISHD

Observe the following photos and try to check if it complies the principles of 5 S of housekeeping

Scene 50 (18m 14s)

•O REDMI N 2020/9/7 09:3

WIMPY aormce DRUG TEST 2020/ 7 0 2

•our 'S03!A.10S quean .10J .10)U00 ISHD