AN INTERACTIVE POWERPOINT By Samuel Madson History AT3 Sem 2 29 Oct 2021.
MUMMIFICATION : Purpose and religious beliefs. The purpose of Mummification was to preserve the body so that the spirit would not be lost. Using beeswax, resin, incense and oils the body would be preserved in the most life like manner. The embalmer would skillfully attend to the corpse, using sculptor tools to remove the organs and prepare it for the journey into the afterworld. Immortality and the mystics of the afterlife dominated the religious beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians. Embalming and mummification was the prelude to the “Opening of the Mouth” ceremony. This involved purification, anointing and physical touching of the mummy to restore their senses of touch, taste, sight, hearing and taste. The journey into the afterlife was deemed dangerous. Travelling on a “solar bark”, the deceased faced serpents with knives, fire-spitting dragons and multi-headed reptiles before arriving at the “Duat” or the Land of the Gods. They must pass the seven gates successfully to then be met with judgement at the “Hall of Orisis”..
The steps of mummification. . 1. PURYFICATION 2. BRAIN REMOVAL 3. EVISCERATION 4. DRYING.
PRESERVING THE OH(ANS MUH.uy CA ses. MLJMMIFICATION TOOLS: Tho used Very few T he "t B to make the ireim. extract bran a 0 like 10 nternal organs. a /.
The steps of mummification CONTINUED…. . 5. FILLING THE BODY 6. WRAPPING 7. ADDING AMULETS 8. PRAYERS.
MUMMIFICATION EVIDENCE & ARTEFACTS.... I am Pharoah Tuthmose. Here are some images of the body being prepared with natron salt before wrapping. Can you see the ornate amulets placed on my chest? My people also painted beautiful wall paintings documenting all the prayers and ceremony involved on the walls of my tomb..
HERODOTUS ON mummification, but was he correct?....
Objects that adorned the tombs.... A fully furnished tomb accompanied the body or sarcophagus, with everything they required for the afterlife. An array of treasures have since been uncovered by historians and archeologists. The canopic jars preserving their organs were placed next to the body. Wall paintings decorated the tomb. Clothing, makeup, perfume and jewelry were also included to maintain their appearance in the afterlife. Chariots and boat for travelling, Food and wine for consumption. Oils and ointments. Weapons for battle. Games. Pets and even servants to accompany the body and serve in the afterworld..
TREASURES OF THE TOMBS.... Salutations. I am Pharoah Amenhotep. Here are some pictures that show what actual tombs look like. The entrance is adorned with beautifully painted walls, showcasing the artistry of my people. It tells the story of the king or queen and tales of the afterlife. You will also see foot wear of my time, clothing and even a chariot for us to travel on in the afterlife. Many treasures and secrets are buried with us to equip us in our spiritual journey and beyond..
Queen Akhensenpepi. THANK YOU & MAY WE MEET IN THE AFTERLIFE….